Ans- Old Age Home refers to a multi-residence nursing home for old people, which is also known as retirement home. Each couple or person lives here in a room which is either apartment style or is a set of matching of rooms. Under one roof or in a one building old people are served with different facilities like gatherings, meals, health or sanatorium care, and recreation activities. Levels of these facilities differ from each other. At present 728 Old homes exist in India. Complete information of 547 Old Age Homes is accessible. Among these 325 Old homes do not charge and 95 homes charge money, 116 Old homes include both without charge as well as stay & pay facilities and the information of 11homes is not available. There are 278 homes available for ailing people and 101 Old homes especially for women all around the country. Kerala has the highest number of Old homes in India among all states which is 124.
Q2- What are the disadvantages of Old Age Homes?
Ans- Disadvantages of Old Age Homes are
People generally staying here are very sad. It is but natural for them to be so as they leave their well-known homes for stranger place that lacks in all memories. It is natural for them to fear nursing homes as it is known to be prior step to death. Seeing that they will not be able to get back to their homes, it can be deemed true. Main problem that one faces here is loneliness. Few residents here get visits from families after long time and these are very few in nature. Independence becomes a thing of past when one enters these homes. Many see it as the end of their lives. With independence all gone, they even bid goodbye to their self-esteem. All they live their lives in is scheduled activity. Missing element here is freedom. What is given to them for meals is final. They do not have any say in it. Other freedoms that they lose are: Cooking for friends and family
Only with nurses help one can shower that too on their schedule Here service of laundry is provided only with rest of resident’s laundry After getting permission only can watch TV
They do not even have independence to go for worship at place of their option. They instead have to go to retirement home’s service. They are not even allowed to have personal doctors. All they get is one’s at home. Anger at putting them in these homes directed at their children is a natural thing for these residents. Family is bound to get various heartaches from these. Q3- What are the advantages of Old Age Homes?
Ans- Advantages of Old Age Homes are
Senior citizens that are destitute or are unable in settling with their respective families can easily stay in homes meant for old age people. These homes provide senior citizens with medical facilities like ambulances, well-balanced meals provision, ambulances as well as systems of health care. Thus, these homes provide them with healthy life. Main benefits of these homes are their staff’s good behavior, palatable and wholesome food as well as good services. Senior citizens are also provided with yoga classes in these homes along with medical amenities, shelter and food. For mode of communication they are given telephones that give them access to their families. Other facilities rendered to them are library and entertainment facilities.
These play roles of safe haven for senior citizens who have nobody to take care of them or who have not got a place to stay. Residents here get an ambience of complete family. They are given unique sense of friendship as well as security here. It becomes a place for them to share their sorrows as well as joys. With all their free time, senior citizens in these homes can utilize it in something creative. Here in these homes, no body imposes its residents with sense of duties or responsibilities. Nobody hands them out any work to live out a livelihood. In that peaceful atmosphere, residents can pursue their hobbies in full flow. With no expectations, residents do not spend too much money here. Full freedom to participate in one’s religious activities is given here. Life of senior citizens is slow as well as peaceful here. “Old age home” gives a healthy as well as peaceful life to its citizens. Companionships, solace as well as comfort are given to senior citizens. All age-mates get freedom here to give a chance to their favorite hobbies without any restraints.
Q4- What are the types of Old Age Homes?
Ans- There are mainly two types of Homes for Old Age people available in India. One is a no charge one or “Free” type which is mainly for impoverished old persons who have nobody to look after them. They are served with food, clothing, shelter and medical care there. Another type of Old Age Home is based on payment which is known as “Paid” home. There all facilities are provided if paid for. Now these kinds of “Retirement” homes have become popular all around India and they are well in view of significance.
Q5- What is the relevance of Old Age Homes?
Ans- Many factors are accountable for the separation of old persons. Many young couples are relocating themselves for better employment from villages to cities in order to have a better future. Many elders are also reluctant to provide the duty of household, which they are controlling for an elongated time, to children. Youngsters are sometimes indignant in behavioral attitude to their parents. Youngsters have migrated to different places distant from their inhabitant places and also to numerous countries abroad. So they are unable to provide accommodation to their parents in their own houses even if they desire. Elders sometimes are too debilitated or ill to take care of themselves or get medicinal help in any urgent situation. For all these reasons the homes for elders increasingly seem more appropriate in Indian circumstances.