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Odysseus Essay Topics & Paper Examples

The Land of the Cyclops

Well my prayer didn’t come true. We had another very strange couple of days. Our ship came upon an island of Cyclops. What strange creatures they are. Once again Odysseus only had a few men go onto the island and the others stay on the ship. Once again I was chosen to go. Once we climbed on the island we went into the very first cave we saw. There was no Cyclops in there so I told Odysseus that we should take what we need and go. But no, he wanted to see the creature and see what it had to offer. After a bit of time the Cyclops came back, but when he entered his cave, he moved a…

Odyssey bibliography

Odysseus was one of the famous Greek poets. He was Laertes and Anticlea’s son and was married to Penelope (a woman thought to be inordinately faithful) and was a father to Telemachus. Odysseus was the king of Ithaca, a favorite place in Athens, and was one of the few Greeks that returned home safely from troy and the Trojan War though it took a long time before they returned. He is believed to have written some poems in the end of eighth century BC. Odysseus was among the leader of Achaeans who have contributed to most part of Greek literature. In his different walks of life, he is view as a hero and in other side as a failure, in…

Odysseus and Gawain Temptations

Sir Gawain is a noble knight of the Round Table who faced the consequences of accepting a challenge from a “Green Knight”. In order to find a solution to his problem, Sir Gawain ventured into an adventure full of tests and temptations. On the other hand, Odysseus is a legendary Greek king, ruler of Ithaca, and Homer’s epic hero. Odysseus and his men experienced one of their greatest adventures on their way home to Ithaca. Their journey back home was troubled and filled with obstacles and temptations. Sir Gawain and Odysseus, two great men of their respective stories, fought against almost the same temptations. More particularly, these male protagonists fought against the temptations and sexual prowess of women. Despite being…

Odysseus and Aeneus: Travels to the Dark Side

Ancient Greece’s Odysseus from Homer’s The Odyssey and ancient Troy’s Aeneus from Virgil’s The Aeneid are both heroes who struggle with identity and purpose, and these identities and purposes are tied up into the concepts and symbolism revolving around female versus male and pagan versus Christian-like influences. In comparing Odysseus’ travel to the underworld and Aeneus’ decent to the land of the dead, one can relate these journeys to the main philosophical plots of both works of ancient literature. Although both men return from Hades alive, the two men’s initial approaches to the dead are slightly different, Odysseus performing sacrifices at the direction of the female goddess Circe and Aeneus praying to the male God Appollo and led to the…

The Powerful Mind of Odysseus

Odysseus, among all the Greeks who sailed during the war against Troy, may be considered the luckiest. He is the ruler of a very peaceful island called Ithaca, where all his constituents love him. He is married to a very beautiful and faithful woman by the name of Penelope, from whom he begot a bright and spirited young son, Telemachus. However, considering the intellectual capacity he was gifted with, it may be said that luck has nothing to do with it. It was pure genius, a boon of the Gods which he utilized to his best advantage (Homer and Murray). Upon the onset of the Trojan War, King Menelaus, whose wife was abducted by the prince of Troy invited Odysseus…

Odysseus: The Qualities of a Hero

“The Odyssey” by Homer is one of the most recognized epics in world literature. It traces the decade-long journey of Odysseus back to Ithaca after he fought in the Trojan War. He was able to survive the dangerous ten-year voyage which he experienced and safely arrive home. Indeed, Odysseus is a truly admirable character, but what what makes him especially laudable is his physical strength, courage, and cunning. One admirable quality which Odysseus possesses is his physical strength. Like all Homeric heroes, Odysseus has remarkable physical strength. In Book 18, he displays such strength even under the disguise of a poor man. Another beggar named Arnaeus, also called Irus, insults Odysseus. Arnaeus challenges Odysseus to a fight and mocks him…

The Justified Odysseus

In Homer’s writings of ancient Greece, which of course were contemporary visions to him and to Greek society, readers are faced with a dilemma. First of all, there are established facts within the writings; in the case of this essay there exists the factual evidence of Odysseus’ intimate relations with women other than his Penelope while meandering back to Greece (Homer, 1998). Secondly, beyond sheer facts is the sticky subject of how to rightfully determine the interpretations of these facts. This interpretation must be viewed through the glass of author and audience of the time in which the writing took place – in this situation Homer and ancient or ‘classical’ Greece. Though one may certainly be tempted to interpret the…

Odysseus

“Odysseus is too thoughtless, selfish and deceitful to be a real hero. ” How far do you agree with this view? Yes, I do agree that Odysseus was thoughtless, selfish and deceitful but these qualities were necessary for him to complete his journey and be seen as a hero on his return to Ithaca. Greek heroes like Odysseus were greater than the average man and achieved much notoriety and fame by being thoughtless, selfish and deceitful. Inevitability Odysseus, curiosity led him to make bad decisions after all he was only human and not a god. This is important to remember because without these character flaws Odysseus would have looked to perfect to be a hero. An example of his character…

Achilles – Greek Mythology

Ancient Greeks lived a very unique lifestyle in their times. They knew no one of Greece. This helped them to live by their own ways and not follow anything that happened outside of Greece because they simply could not. In parts of Greek mythology gods could not interfere with fate and gods intervened directly in mortals lives. There were many examples of these things happening. One aspect learned in the Voyage of Odysseus was gods could not interfere with fate. There were many encounters where fate overpowered gods in Greek mythology. For example, what happened with Polyphemus and Odysseus. Odysseus hurt Polyphemus by tricking him into drinking too much which left him unconscious and defenseless. Odysseus took advantage of this…

Achilles and Odysseus

It is not unknown that people look up to heroes and even try to emulate their actions; however, there is a relevant question that needs to be asked in order to facilitate a thorough understanding of what differentiates a hero—from someone who is merely fighting for himself. According to Aristotle’s Politics (9), “[… ] he who is unable to live in society, or who has no need because he is sufficient for himself, must either be a beast or a god: he is no part of a state. ” While it may not seem to be rather obvious, but this particular line in Aristotle’s Politics tacitly implies that men who possess extraordinary characteristics and goals, such as heroes can be…

Comparing and Contrasting Beowulf and Odysseus

The characters of Beowulf and Odysseus can be considered a contrast between ice and fire wherein one and is violent and uses its strength to consume and subdue while the other is cool and calculating preferring a patient yet affective approach to solving problems. When referring to the characteristics of fire and ice I am referring to Beowulf as fire and Odysseus as ice this is due to the fact that Beowulf uses his brute strength and force of will to combat his foes while Odysseus uses his cunning and wit to trick his foes into submissions. Analysis of Beowulf In the epic of Beowulf, he conquers and defeats 3 enemies, first is Grendel, then the mother of Grendel then…

Trojan War and Iliad

Why Book XXIV is called the furious book of Iliad? * Because the body of Hector was being kept and tortured by Achilles even it is already dead. Because of his anger he wants to revenge to Hector even though he cannot fight anymore. a.What infliction does anger do to a person? * I makes the person do something awful without realizing, what will happen next. 5 .Book XXIV a. Do you believe that sufferings unite people and prosperity divides them? * Yes, because when people suffer they find each other as a companion who will help to overcome their problems. When they unite they can easily overcome their sufferings; and when someone has the prosperity they forgot to share…

Mythology: Edith Hamilton Archetypes

In the myth of Dionysus there isn’t exactly a conflict between two sides of people battling for good or evil, its more as a battle between the two sides of Dionysus’ inner self. Unlike most examples of good versus evil, there isn’t a triumphant side. Just the personality switches between Dionysus being the joy-god or the heartless, savage, brutal-god. The reason for this change is due to the fact that he is the vine god; Wine is bad as well as good. He’d bring up peoples hopes and make them believe that they were capable of anything, but once they were sober again or they became drunk, you could see his dark side begin to arise. The hopefulness would fade…

Achilles in “The Iliad”

The telling of the Trojan War within the confines of the Iliad goes above and beyond great lengths to describe and portray many key players but a lot of the main focus was on that of who’s considered to be one of the greatest warriors who has ever lived. This warrior goes by the name of Achilles. The main logic and reasoning behind this key focus is to make sure that readers of the literature have a detailed description, physical or mental implanted into their brain so they can relate, regardless if the actions are positive and or negative. It gives the reader the chance to indulge themselves into the character like if they were at war fighting for what…