Select a major medical diagnosis for your patient. Pick two nursing diagnoses and write four (4) pertinent interventions and rationales for each diagnosis. Be sure your interventions are applicable to your assigned patient. Cite your sources in APA format. Print two copies of this page so you can develop two nursing diagnoses.
Patient’s Medical Diagnosis: Hypertension
Nursing Diagnosis: Deficient Knowledge 1) Intervention: Define and specify the desired blood pressure limits. Describe hypertension and its effect on the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and brain. Rationale: Provides a basis for understanding blood pressure elevation, and describes commonly used medical terms. Understanding that high blood pressure can occur without symptoms is the center allows patients to continue treatment, even when feeling better. 2) Intervention: Assist patients in identifying the risk factors that can be modified, for example, obesity, a diet high in sodium, saturated fat, and cholesterol, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, alcohol consumption, stress lifestyle. Rationale: Risk factors that have been shown to contribute to hypertension and cardiovascular and renal disease. 3) Intervention: Assess the patient’s motivation to learn.
Rationale Provide positive reinforcement. Provide information relevant to situation to prevent overload. Avoid the use of negative reinforcers._ 4) Intervention: Establish priorities in conjunction with client. Rationale: Identify information that needs to be remembered (cognitive). Identify information having to do with emotions, attitudes, and values. Identify psychomotor skills that are necessary for learning.
Nursing goal: Patient participation in learning process. Identify intereferences to learning and specific action(s) to deal with them. Verbalize understanding of condition, disease process, and treatment.