The Korean peninsula is divided into two separate countries, North and South. Looking at both countries you can see the differences. North Korea and South Korea may share the same land but have different outtakes on their economic views, political beliefs, and even social conditions. Before North and South Korea there was just the Korean Peninsula. Korea was ruled by many countries even Japan and China. While in control of Korea, Japan grew hungry for power, and because of this a war started between Korea and the Soviet Union. “In the North the Japanese troops surrendered to Soviet forces and in the south of the peninsula the Japanese surrendered to American troops” (Beck542). By the end of 1953 the war had ended and the Korean peninsula had completely been separated. Because of this action North and South Korea share a land with two different cultures and traditions.
Economically, 35 percent of North Koreans work on farms (CIA7), while in South Korea only 7.3 percent of the population work on farms (CIA7). The other 65 percent of the North Korean population work in industrial businesses. These industrial businesses include building machines, military products, and mining (CIA7). In South Korea the other 92.7 percent work in industrial businesses which includes producing automobiles, electronics, and even some chemicals (CIA7). The major difference is that North Korean work for the government. It doesn’t matter how long you work, how hard, or even if you are the top of the company, people get paid the same amount. South Korea fare better because they work for themselves and their families. South Koreans work to provide a safer environment and a better education for their children. Political domination is one reason why North Koreans work for the government. North Korea has a communist government which means that the country is ran by one dictator, whereas in South Korea, who has a democratic government, has an election every 4 years to pick a new leader.
“There is respect for the voices and minorities, and importance is given for the individual rights in a democratic government,” says Faye Boaza in here PowerPoint “Democratic vs. Communist”, meaning that every voice and thought for the people is heard. “People are not allowed to voice their opinions in a communist government” (Boaza). North Korea government has more control over the people and basically does what they want to do or what they think is right even if the citizens do not benefit for their actions. South Korea also fares better in this category because their government hears them out before making any circuital decisions. The government has the thoughts of the people in mind and tries to do things that the people can rely on.
Living in South Korea the life expectancy for males is 71 years of age, and for females 79 years of age (global Studies), while in North Korea the life expectancy for males is 65 years of age, and females72(CIA3). Just by living in South Korea you add almost 14 years to your life span.
One thing that is important to North Korea is their collection of nuclear weapons. North Korea spends so much money on the Army and nuclear weapons. It seems as if the govern doesn’t even care about its people. It’s important to be militarily stable, but to spend outrageous money on the military when people are dying from starvation is not comprehensible. If people keep, dying the military will become nonexistent. One thing that is important in South Korea is education. In South Korea children and adults can get a chance to experience different cultures, traditions, and even languages. On the other hand the citizens of North Korea cannot. The government neglects the citizens of knowing the knowledge of other countries. Censoring is one of those ways.
North Korea censors almost everything including the internet, television, and the newspaper down to the last word. Because South Korea has 107 airports (CIA9) people are allowed to advance the study and experience the world. North Korea, in contrast only has 77 airports (CIA9), with 2 flights out per week to Beijing (Kim205). Sometimes the government is paranoid that they want even let you back into the country. With doing this you are leaving your family cared for and leaving all your friends. South Korea is socially better because they have the authority to further their education and even go to different countries. North Korea has a hold on their people.
It seems as if the people take two steps forward, the government pushes them back three steps, which is unfair. South Korea is a better place to live because it allows its people to be free. Because of South Korea’s democratic government they are allowed to better educate the youth on things other than just South Korea. They are allowed to reach beyond the borders of the Korean Bay and study the world. North Korea has a strong hold on their people so they want know what is going on beyond the North Korean borders. This is why south Korea is better. South Korea loves and cares for its people. They seem like a family, than like a country, and that’s what makes them different form the world. North and South Korea share the same land but have many differences.
Kim, Suki. “A Visit to North Korea.” The New York Review of Books 13 February 2003: 205-210. CIA World Fact Book. CIA. 25 January 2010: 1 November 2011 <http://ww.cia.gov/libraworld-factbook/geos/kn.html>. CIA World Fact Book. CIA. 25 January 2010: 1 November 2011 <http://ww.cia.gov/library/publications/the-factbook/geos/kn.html>. Global Studies- Japan and the Pacific Rim, 7th Edition. Guilford, Connecticut: McGraw Hill/ Duskin Company ©2005