During the gloomy winter of Berlin
-Rizal was famished, sick, and despondent.
-Notwithstanding his empty stomach, his painful coughing, and his despairing spirit, he continued writing his first novel. -He finished the novel on February 21, 1887
It was the Noli Me Tangere. His first novel.
*Idea of Writing A Novel on Philippines*
– His reading Harriet Beecher Stowe’s uncle Tom’s Cabin. which portrays the brutalities of American slave-owners and the pathetic conditions of the unfortunate negro, slaves, inspired Dr. Rizal to prepare a novel on the Philippines. -He was then a student in the Central University of Madrid.
-In a reunion of Filipinos in the house of the paternos in Madrid on January 2, 1884. -Among whom were the paternos (Pedro, Maximino, and Antonio), Graciano Lopez Jaena, Evaristo Aguirre, Eduardo do de lete, Julio Llorante, and Valentin Ventura.
*The Writing of the ”Noli.”*
-Toward the 1884, Rizal began writing the novel in Madrid and finished about one –haft of it. -He went to Paris in 1885, after completing his studies in the Universidad Central de Madrid. -He wrote the last fourth of the novel in Germany.
-During the dark days of December, 1886.
-He wrote to his friend, Fernando Canon; “I did not believe that the Noli Me Tangere would ever be published when I was in Berlin, heart-broken weakened, and discouraged from hunger and deprivation. -In mid-December, a telegram Barcelona arrived.
-It was sent by Dr.Maximo Viola.
*The Man who Saved the “Noli.”*
-The first edition of the Noli was printed in Berlin in 1887. -The cost of
printing was 300 pesos (advance by Vioa) for 2,000 copies. – A dedicatory autograph as follows: “To my dear Friend, Maximo Viola , the first to read and appreciate my work – Jose Rizal, March 29, 1887, Berlin.”
-This Date- March 29, 1887, is a significant date for it was when the Noli Me Tangere came off the press.
*The Title of the Novel.*
-The title Noli Me Tangere, isa a latin phrase which means “Touch me Not.” -Rizal, writing to Felix R. Hidalgo in French in March 1887. -It should be the Gospel of st. John (chapter 20, Verses 13 to 17).
*The author’s Dedication.*
-Rizal dedicated the Noli Me Tangere to the Philippines – “To My Country.”
*Synopsis of the “Noli”*
-The Novel Noli Me Tangere contains 63 chapters and an epilogue.
-It Begins with a reception given by Capitan Tiago (Santiago de los Santos)
-at his house in Calle Analoague ( now Juan Luna Street) on the last day of October.
-This Reception or dinner was given in honor of Crisostomo Ibarra.
-Among the guests during the reception were Padre Damaso, a Franciscan friar who had been parish priest of San Diego (Calamba).
-Padre Sibyla, a young Dominican parish Priest of binondo.
-Senior Guevara, an elderly and kind lieutenant of the Guardian Civi.
-Don Tiburcio de Espadania, a bogus spanish Physician , lame, and henpecked husband of Donia Victorina; and several ladies.
-During the dinner the conversation on Ibarra’s studies and travels abroad.
-Padre damaso was in bad mood because he got a bony neck and hard wing of the chicken tinola.
-Ibarra left capitan tiago’s house to return to his hotel.
-Don Rafael’s father was a rich and brave man.
-He visited Maria Clara, his childhood sweetheart.
-Ibarra was angered by the grave-digger’s story.
-Ibarra’s left the cemetery . on the way, he met padre salvi, Franciscan
parish priest of san Diego.
-In his town, Ibarra met several interesting people , such as the wise old man Tasio the sage. “Tasio the Lunatic.”
-Governadoroillo, who catered to wishes of the Spanish parish priest; Don Filipo Lino, teniente mayor and leader.
-Don Melchor, the captain of the cuadrilleros (town Police).
-Capitan tiago, Maria Clara and aunt Isabel who took care of Maria Clara, after mother’s death arrive in san diego.
-Ibarra and his friends gave a picnic in the lake.
-Among those present in the picnic, were Maria Clara and her four girl friends, “the merry sinang, the grave Victoria, the beautiful Iday, and the thoughtful Neneng.”
Courtney from Study Moose
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