During the gloomy winter of Berlin
-Rizal was famished, sick, and despondent.
-Notwithstanding his empty stomach, his painful coughing, and his despairing spirit, he continued writing his first novel. -He finished the novel on February 21, 1887
It was the Noli Me Tangere. His first novel.
*Idea of Writing A Novel on Philippines*
– His reading Harriet Beecher Stowe’s uncle Tom’s Cabin. which portrays the brutalities of American slave-owners and the pathetic conditions of the unfortunate negro, slaves, inspired Dr. Rizal to prepare a novel on the Philippines. -He was then a student in the Central University of Madrid.
-In a reunion of Filipinos in the house of the paternos in Madrid on January 2, 1884. -Among whom were the paternos (Pedro, Maximino, and Antonio), Graciano Lopez Jaena, Evaristo Aguirre, Eduardo do de lete, Julio Llorante, and Valentin Ventura.
*The Writing of the ”Noli.”*
-Toward the 1884, Rizal began writing the novel in Madrid and finished about one –haft of it. -He went to Paris in 1885, after completing his studies in the Universidad Central de Madrid. -He wrote the last fourth of the novel in Germany.
-During the dark days of December, 1886.
-He wrote to his friend, Fernando Canon; “I did not believe that the Noli Me Tangere would ever be published when I was in Berlin, heart-broken weakened, and discouraged from hunger and deprivation. -In mid-December, a telegram Barcelona arrived.
-It was sent by Dr.Maximo Viola.
*The Man who Saved the “Noli.”*
-The first edition of the Noli was printed in Berlin in 1887. -The cost of
printing was 300 pesos (advance by Vioa) for 2,000 copies. – A dedicatory autograph as follows: “To my dear Friend, Maximo Viola , the first to read and appreciate my work – Jose Rizal, March 29, 1887, Berlin.”
-This Date- March 29, 1887, is a significant date for it was when the Noli Me Tangere came off the press.
*The Title of the Novel.*
-The title Noli Me Tangere, isa a latin phrase which means “Touch me Not.” -Rizal, writing to Felix R. Hidalgo in French in March 1887. -It should be the Gospel of st. John (chapter 20, Verses 13 to 17).
*The author’s Dedication.*
-Rizal dedicated the Noli Me Tangere to the Philippines – “To My Country.”
*Synopsis of the “Noli”*
-The Novel Noli Me Tangere contains 63 chapters and an epilogue.
-It Begins with a reception given by Capitan Tiago (Santiago de los Santos)
-at his house in Calle Analoague ( now Juan Luna Street) on the last day of October.
-This Reception or dinner was given in honor of Crisostomo Ibarra.
-Among the guests during the reception were Padre Damaso, a Franciscan friar who had been parish priest of San Diego (Calamba).
-Padre Sibyla, a young Dominican parish Priest of binondo.
-Senior Guevara, an elderly and kind lieutenant of the Guardian Civi.
-Don Tiburcio de Espadania, a bogus spanish Physician , lame, and henpecked husband of Donia Victorina; and several ladies.
-During the dinner the conversation on Ibarra’s studies and travels abroad.
-Padre damaso was in bad mood because he got a bony neck and hard wing of the chicken tinola.
-Ibarra left capitan tiago’s house to return to his hotel.
-Don Rafael’s father was a rich and brave man.
-He visited Maria Clara, his childhood sweetheart.
-Ibarra was angered by the grave-digger’s story.
-Ibarra’s left the cemetery . on the way, he met padre salvi, Franciscan
parish priest of san Diego.
-In his town, Ibarra met several interesting people , such as the wise old man Tasio the sage. “Tasio the Lunatic.”
-Governadoroillo, who catered to wishes of the Spanish parish priest; Don Filipo Lino, teniente mayor and leader.
-Don Melchor, the captain of the cuadrilleros (town Police).
-Capitan tiago, Maria Clara and aunt Isabel who took care of Maria Clara, after mother’s death arrive in san diego.
-Ibarra and his friends gave a picnic in the lake.
-Among those present in the picnic, were Maria Clara and her four girl friends, “the merry sinang, the grave Victoria, the beautiful Iday, and the thoughtful Neneng.”