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Nigeria Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Nigerian government

1: Could the alleged payment of bribes to Nigerian government officials by Jeffrey Tesler be considered “facilitating payments” or “speed money” under the terms of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act? Answer: After this all came out in June 2004, Halliburton promptly fired Jack Stanley and severed its long-standing relationship with Jeffrey Tesler, asking its three partners in the Nigeria consortium to do the same. The United States Justice Department took things further, establishing a grand jury investigation to determine if Halliburton, through its KBR subsidiary, had been in violation of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. In November 2004 the Justice Department widened its investigation to include payments in connection with the Nigeria fertilizer plant that Kellogg had been involved with…

Challenges Facing Estate Surveying

The challenges facing Estate Surveying and Valuation professional practice in Nigeria Experts in the building industry have listed some factors bedeviling Estate Surveying and Valuation Profession in the country. They include; [1] poor remuneration, [2] quackery, [3] stringent legislation, [4] lack of training and [5] falling standards of valuation practice. According to Solanke (2010), stated that poor quality service, outdated scale of fees and unhealthy competitions are some of the major challenges of the professionals in the industry. Professor Solanke was of the view that poor quality service will incur the disrespect of the society on the professionals and also lead to non-payment of professional fees including threat on the continued existence of the profession. In the same vein, he…

The Nigeria Oil Industry

Nigeria is endowed with vast natural resources including such minerals as petroleum, limestone, tin, natural gas and others (Anyanwu et al, 1997:3). All these minerals have remained untapped, except petroleum which had dominated Nigeria’s economy since the 1970s. Today, petroleum is by far the most widely used energy resource world wide. Its production and distribution, according to Asimi(2005:8), affects the relations among nations and even the purchasing power of some individual citizens. The first discovery of oil in commercial quantity in Nigeria was made in 1956. Shell- BP was the principal company undertaking oil exploration and production activities in the country, although there were sporadic explorations by other companies, prior to that date (Gidado,1999:53). According to him, Nigerian government did…

Contemporary Issues in Nigeria Public Administration

It is widely acknowledge that the public service since the country independence has failed to realize the purpose for which it established. While its size, role, and consumption of the national budget, and activities have grown over to make the public sector the largest employer in the formal sector. It has failed to executive government policies effectively and delivers goods and services to the nation. Its productivity/ output has inimal inspite of the caliber of people (i. e. the competence, skill, ability, work or qualification of the people) manning/ managing the public sector services (either in government directly (politicians) or indirectly (that is, reading/ managing government ministries and department). Over the years, the public sector has been criticized by successive…

The Nigerian Economy

The Federal Republic of Nigeria is Africa’s most populous country with a population of 148-million based on the United Nations estimate in 2007. Taken as human resources as one of the assets for economic development, overpopulation in Nigeria, however, has become one of its main concerns.  Despite the fact that it is Africa’s leading oil producer (mostly found in Niger Delta), more than half of the Nigerian population is living in poverty (cited in BBC News website, 2008; Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 2007). Hence, one can say that in spite of Nigeria’s abundant supply of natural and human resources, it is still under the state of poverty and underdevelopment.  Accordingly, Nigeria’s economy remains weak “such that real wages could not meet…

Developing Early Warning System for Peace and Security in Nigeria

1. Brief Demographic Background of Nigeria: The demographic characteristics of Nigeria set the platform for an understanding of the case for conflict based National early warning system. A historical analysis of major conflicts in Nigeria since independence points to strong linkages to its demographic composition. It has been unarguably regarded as the most populous country in the Africa and also accounts for half of the entire population of West Africa. The last census exercise in 2007 conducted by the Nigeria Population Commision (NPC) put the country’s population at over 140 million.(NPC, 2006). Politically, it practices a three tier federal system of government comprising the Federal, State and Local Government Councils which implies relative levels of autonomy in governance as well…

Decadence in Nigeria

It is of no doubt that moral decadence has completely replaced core moral values in present times. This ravaging phenomenon is the cause of some of the major problems Nigeria is facing as a Nation. A society where the youths do not think of how tomorrow would be better than today or how to invent new things to automate processes involved in our daily activities rather focusing on how to enrich themselves by any means and controlling enormous wealth at a tender age. Many youths of today are engulfed in numerous means of gathering wealth and enjoying the good things of life tagging it “hustling”. when you ask an average youth what he does, he replies “I am a hustler”,…

Politics, Policy, and Change in Nigeria

Volumes have been written on the subject of politics, policy, and social change. In this section, I will offer nothing more than simple facts, plain arguments, and ‘common sense. I will emphasize the important roles of leadership and group cohesiveness to effect change. Because the direction of change in a society depends on the manner in which resources are mobilized by the leader, and the attitude of the people toward change. The ruler must be concerned with the needs of the ruled, and must strive to gain their support. But with long-standing ethnic prejudice in a multi-ethnic society such as Nigeria, this has not been very easy. The concept of politics is diverse. Aristotle and Plato defined politics as a…

Causes, Effects and Solution to Boko-Haram and Kidnapping in Nigeria

You have for long warned about insecurity from the North. Why do you think the army can’t contain it? As far back as eight to nine years ago, we observed that the institution of the Nigerian army became a target of the intelligentsia behind what we called Boko Haram. They have known that the Nigerian army was the last institution in Nigeria that could practically bind the country. But now, the army seems divided. What I know is that the Nigerian army cannot handle this people because the sophistication with which the sect operates is beyond the training of the Nigerian army. You argue that the issue is not just Islam. What is it? I think the African is the…

Jurisdiction of Selected Tribunals in Nigeria

This work will be divided into various parts. We shall explore the various meanings of the word jurisdiction. Broad types of tribunals shall be briefly mentioned. We shall then select five Tribunals whose jurisdiction we shall later look into in details. We shall attempt examining the reasons behind the creation of our selected Tribunals. The reason for denying ordinary courts jurisdiction shall be looked into. We shall, after examining the composition of the various tribunals selected, try to see whether the advantage of specialization was achieved. Jurisdiction is derived from the Latin word “juris” and “dico” and literally means “I speak by the law”.1 The word jurisdiction implies a court or tribunal with judicial power to hear and determine a…

Student Unrest in Nigerian Universities

Student Unrest in Nigerian Universities: Looking Back and Forward Oyaziwo Aluede, Basil Jimoh, Beatrice O. Agwinede and Eunice O. Omoregie Department of Educational Foundations, Ambrose Alli University, P. M. B. 14, Ekpoma 310001, Ekpoma, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected] com KEYWORDS Student unrest; student services; student personnel administration; universities ABSTRACT The authors examined the policies and factors that have in the past and at the present precipitated student unrest in Nigerian university campuses. Predictions about the policies that are likely to produce student protest in Nigerian university campuses in the near future are advanced. Nigerian higher educational institution is established with the aim of giving any student who enrolls, a very sound and qualitative education, to be able to function effectively in…

Current Trends in Construction in Nigeria

I work in a building and civil engineering Company, registered to conduct business in construction, real estate, civil, mechanical and electrical engineering works. Generally, housing and infrastructures are big matters in Nigeria, like it is with most developing economies in the world, and personally I believe Nigeria has the potential to be one of the biggest construction markets on this planet. While the world is still struggling to emerge from the global economic collapse, Nigeria’s construction industry is growing fast and is likely to grow astronomically over the next decade, according to forecasts made in a June 2010 reports by Global Construction Perspectives and Oxford Economics. These trends in every way have necessarily placed a demand on professionals in the…

Terrorism in Nigeria

Nigeria is a country in the West of Africa with an interesting population of over 160 million people. A British Colony, Nigeria was hitherto peaceful and seen as key to African development and interests. Such has been the opposite of the true state of the supposed Giant of Africa since gaining independence in 1960 and declaring a Republic in 1961. After years of Military Dictatorship and coups left the country under-developed for much of her early post-independent years, Democracy was returned to the Oil rich Nation. The country divided across religious and ethic lines with the North dominated by Muslims, and the South by Christians. The country’s major trade partners include the USA and UK. The early independent kingdoms and…

Religion and Corruption in Nigeria

In the constitution of our nation religion feature prominently at the very beginning. I the preamble to the 199 constitution, it is affirmed and solemnly resolved that we intend to live in hrity and harmony as one indivisible and in dissolvable fevereigh nation under God. Indeed the overwhelming mighty of Nigerian are religions people we believe in the supremacy of God, we believe that God is the very basis of our individual lives and our corporate existence. We believe in and relate with supernatural realities through prayers and supplications and through the offering of sacrifices find churches, musgus shrines and Sunday prayer houses everywhere in the land we take part in crusades, worship sessions and might rights, we offer sacrifices…

Impact of Nigerian Brewery on Nigerian Economy

Nigerian Breweries (NB) Plc seems to dominate the brewery market as it accounts for 60 per cent of the brewery market share in Nigeria.Managing Director/CEO, Nigerian Breweries Plc, Mr. Michiel Herkemij disclosed this to Vanguard shortly after the pre 63rd Annual General Meeting (AGM) held in Lagos last week. He stated that NB is trying to build long term capability for its people in order to sustain its market leadership in the country. According to him, “ The contribution of Nigerian Breweries Plc (NB Plc) to the overall result of Heineken should be about less than 10 percent (10%). I think it is fair to say that any company worldwide that is contributing to the results of Heineken is contributing…

Revenue Allocation System in Contemporary Nigeria

One of the perennial problems which has not only defied all past attempts at permanent solution, but also has a tendency for evoking high emotions on the part of all concerned (each time it is brought forth for discussion or analysis) is the issue of equitable revenue allocation in Nigeria. It is an issue which has been politicised by successive administrations in Nigeria both Military and civilian regimes. Indeed, in virtually all federations in which the constitution shares power between the central and regional or state governments and, for each level to be “within a sphere co-ordinate and independent” (Wheare 1963:93) enough resources need be allocated to each tier to justify their existence. For many years, Nigeria has been searching…

Democracy in Nigeria

By May 2009, Nigeria’s nascent democracy should have been a decade. Thus, the thrust of this paper is an in depth analysis of the possibility of sustaining democratic values beyond any sudden reversal. The. paper however, takes a cursory look at the daunting challenges ahead and infers that unless the government increases social expenditure and truncate the current brazen corruption, the hope of democratic consolidation may eventually be a mirage. Key words: democracy, nascent, corruption, state law and order As rightly collated by Decalo1, the events in Africa took scholars by surprise, since most doubted Africa could move towards democracy. Even in the mid-1980’s, one argued that by reason of their poverty or the violence of their politics, African states…

Applying Swot Analysis for Effective Planning

Introduction The objective or purpose of applying a SWOT diagram as a planning tool in business is to have a platform of doing business or having a through picture of a business plan. Applying SWOT diagram as a planning tool has helped me to work out the strengths, threats, benefits and strategy of achieving financial prosperity in business. (Draft, 2012/2010, p. 209) I have learned that using the SWOT method as a planning tool will help me in working out an effective way and strategy to solidify my business plan with proper research, and thinking through it before setting the ball rolling for execution. Understand and using SWOT method will expose so many things and points one need to put…

Intervention in Nigeria

When called to account for its lack of direct involvement and intervention in Nigeria, especially in the wake of the politically and financially motivated killing of Nigerian activist Ken Saro-Wiwa, Shell ran full page ads in major publications such as the New York Times to defend its non-action. The reason was a seemingly altruistic and simple one, that it is not befitting for a commercial company to interfere in the politics and the rightful jurisdiction of governments (p. 66). The company further postulated that “the world where companies use their economic influence to prop up or bring down governments would be a frightening and bleak one indeed” (p. 66). Shell was masterfully employing its spin-doctor expertise to protect its own…

HIV/AIDS in Nigeria

2.0INTRODUCTION HIV/AIDs has been ranked among the common disease of all times that is threatening us with the extinction of youths and adults. It is not only terrorizing the entire generation but also kills and leaves millions of orphans for the oldest grandparent to carter for. 2.1HIV/AIDS IN NIGERIA According to USAID brief (2004), Nigerian epidemic is characterized by one of the most rapidly increasing rates of new HIV/AIDS cases in West Africa. Adult HIV prevalence increased from 1.8% in 1991 to 5.8% in 2001. This infection rate, although lower than that of neighboring African countries should be considered in the context of Nigeria’s relatively among population of approximately 117 million, the joint United Nations programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) by…

Climate Change in Nigeria

Climate change has always occurred in different Nigeria; however the effects have become more noticeable recently over the years. The effects have affected the daily lives of many for better or worse. A peer reviewed research done by an unknown source, which was accepted by the Journal of Geography and Regional had concluded that the average temperature of Nigeria has increased by 1. 7°C in the period of 1901-2005. The increase has however been higher in semi-arid areas and is lower in coastal regions. The paper has also shown that the rate of change has increased in the 1970’s. The consequences of the increase in temperature have resulted into the desertification of the north as well as the coastal erosion…

Oil in Nigeria

Nigeria, a country in West Africa is the most populous nation in Africa in terms of both the population and the number of states which total to nineteen. This West African nation is also highly endowed with natural resources and minerals with oil which is found in the Niger Delta being the main natural resource. This makes Nigeria to be the biggest oil producing country in Africa with a capacity of over two million barrels of oil per day. This resource accounts for over 80% of the government revenue in the budget and in terms of export commodities it accounts for over 95% of the country’s export annually (Frynas140). In order for the government to realize the above figures, it…

The Negative Effects of Imperialism in Nigeria

Nigeria is a country with abundant resources and the potential to be a very powerful nation, but it is hampered by many problems. These problems are caused by Nigeria’s colonization by England. Because of this intrusion on their way of life, their future was altered dramatically. The nation of Nigeria as a whole has suffered greatly as a country because of this colonization, its problem is rooted in the way it was colonized and ruled. The background of the situation is essential to understand its full impact From the way Nigeria was colonized, it was clear from the start that it would bode ill for the future inhabitants of Nigeria. Beginning in the 19th century, the British started to make…

“Things Fall Apart” by Chinua Achebe

Things Fall Apart, by Chinua Achebe, is a story about a Nigerian Igbo tribe forced to endure, and live with European Christians. These Europeans were colonizing Africa with the intentions of setting up Christian missionaries. While their intentions were genuine, their presence was devastating to the Ibo culture. Achebe did not like how the Europeans and the Igbo people interacted with each other. The European missionaries viewed their religion as superior to the Igbo religion because there was never an effort made by them to understand the Ibo religion. The missionaries’ goal was to come to Nigeria and take control of the Igbo society. In order for them to do this, they had to win the people over and for…

Fear in Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe

In many works of literature, the behavior of a character or a group of characters is motivated by emotion. In Chinua Achebe’s Nigerian novel, Things Fall Apart, Okonkwo is motivated by the fear. Throughout Things Fall Apart, Okonkwo’s actions take place because he is afraid of becoming “A Woman” like his father. Not only does he act masculine to appear manly to the villagers, he does it to satisfy his own conscious. Okonkwo portrays a short temper in this book. Small things such as his supper being late and remarks about his hunting anger him, and lead to his beating of his wives and his son Nwoya. His desire to appear manly often fogged his judgment. When the time came…

Problems affecting nigeria

Nigeria is a country of diverse people, cultures, religion and political groups. The country achieved independence from the British colonialist in 1960. The country marked 54 years post-independence on October 1st 2013. The journey so far has not been an entire smooth one since independence. The country has had to face several challenges and problem. It is becoming a laughing matter anytime somebody mentions about some problems facing Nigeria today, the obvious rebuttal from your listeners or readers would be what solutions do you have to solving those problems? While suggestive solution is an answer to a problem, or a process of solving a problem, implementation of such a solution however, is the fulfillment or accomplishment of that problem. In…

Different ethnic groups in Nigeria

Nigeria is very rich in culture. Various ethnic groups in Nigeria have their own culture. The Durbar festival in the various emirates of the North of Nigeria symbolizes strength and dexterous skills in riding of horses. Durbars are called up during religious festivals like Id el’ Fitri and Id el Kabir. They are also called up during installation ceremonies of the Emirs. They are also called up during installation ceremonies of the Emirs. The Durbars serve as entertainment for very important visitors. Durbars are also called up during the anniversary of the birth of Prophet Mohammed (Id el Maulud). The horses are colorfully adorned and the horse riders are in procession. The riders are dressed in aristocratic regalia blowing bugles…

Royal Dutch/Shell Case

1.Does Shell bear some responsibility for the problems in the Ogoni region of Nigeria? I believe Shell bears much responsibility for the problems in the Ogoni region. One reason is the fact that Shell has received nearly $30 billion worth of oil from the Ogoni land but has not helped the Ogoni people by providing them with jobs or money to develop their lands. If Shell had provided money to the Ogoni people they could have built schools and provided health care that would help the them get their feet on the ground and potentially give them some power. Another reason Shell is responsible is because they destroyed much of the land in this region. This occurred through numerous oil…

History Story Teaches Us That History Teaches Nothing: Discuss

1.0 INTRODUCTION All human cultures tell stories about the past, deeds of ancestors, heroes, gods, or animals. Songs sacred to particular peoples were chanted and memorized long before there was any writing with which to record them. Their truth was authenticated by the very fact of their continued repetition. History which can be considered as an account that purports to be true of events and ways of thinking and feeling in some part of the human past stems from this archetypal human narrative activity. While sharing a common ancestry with myth, legend, epic poetry, and the novel, history has of course diverged from these forms. Its claim to truth is based in part on the fact that all the persons…

Things Fall Apart Clash of culture

Things Fall Apart was written by Nigerian author Chinua Achebe in the twentieth century. It is seen as the typical modern African novel in English. It was first published in 1958 by William Heinemann Ltd in the UK in 1962. The title of the novel comes from William Butler Yeats’ poem “The Second Coming”. Achebe was born in 1930. Achebe mostly writes his novels in English as Igbo language was hard to understand as this language originated from various types of dialects. This essay will discuss the clash of cultures the Igbo community faces with the coming of the British colonizers and Christian missionaries in the novel Things Fall Apart. Set in pre-colonial Nigeria in the 1890s, Things Fall Apart…