Most of the victims are normally young girls and women who are kidnapped or even lured and sold to the sex industries, their demand has always been at an increase in this industry. Young girls are usually targeted because the traffickers argue that they are less prone to HIV/AIDS as compared to their older counter parts (Sheldon, 2007). The victims of sex trafficking are normally found working in commercial sex institutions such as the brothels as well as pornography production centers.
To hide their illegal acts these institutions operate under the names such as massage parlors, modeling studios and even strip clubs. To help assist the victims of sex trafficking the Non Governmental Organizations (NGO) have formed a committee on migration whose sole role is to promote and to protect the human rights of the migrants and to rescue and rehabilitate those innocent victims kidnapped.
To help create public awareness in regard to the trafficking of individuals for sex purposes the NGOs are holding discussions in the open forums this includes institutions such as the churches, schools and even at work places whereby people are made aware of its existence, the forms which its exhibited and the effects it causes to the victims, in so doing the fight against this abuse will be fought (Caroline, 1998).
At the grassroots level the NGOs have ensured that legislation are passed to fight trafficking of person the successes so far includes: ensuring that it’s a criminal offence to get involved in any human trafficking activity, enlisting of systems to ensure victim’s assistance and ways of protecting him and also the identification of the root causes that lead to human trafficking such as gender inequality and even poverty (Mayer & pizer, 2008).
Public awareness has also been enhanced by airing public services, massive distribution of pamphlets, announcements and even posters portraying the dangers regarding to sex trafficking more to this there has been increased advertisement of the government’s free hotline number. Other institutions have also come in to ensure public awareness in regard to sexual exploitation; this is by conducting numerous workshops countrywide educating the public on sexual trafficking. Some non-governmental organizations such as the UNICEF have published books on child protection which were directed to parliamentarians.
It offered guidelines and also recommendations which was very useful in formulation of legislation. To create public awareness UNICEF’s research institute has created a website through which information is provided or made available for everyone. Thorough evaluation in terms of the capacity and the legality of organizations that offer jobs is conducted this will ensure only genuine persons recruit people, more to this the NGOs are addressing the root causes that result into child trafficking this includes factors such as discrimination and even violence against the children.
Most people fall victim of trafficking when they go abroad to look for jobs, to help deal with this NGOs are developing toll-free hotlines which help to rescue minors and young women who are taken advantage of, more to this the operators of this toll free hotlines ensure the callers are fully aware of the country they want to go to and that they know the repercussions of illegal migrations.
The NGOs are moving a step forward by ensuring that the traffickers of minors and women to the sex exploitation are convicted and prosecuted and serve appropriate sentences this is to send a warning and a clear message to others of the repercussions that they may fall into incase they involve themselves into such acts.
However instead of recognizing the victim status the Domestic Trafficked Minors (DTMs) are faced with, the government is treating them harshly, this in itself is double punishment for the innocent victims, to help deal with this scenario the NGOs are fighting hard to ensure that the traffickers are apprehended in time (Bullard, 2005). DTMs are the main witnesses in the cases of child trafficking, however due to shame and traumatization experience they have undergone they may fear to face their pimps in the courts to help this the NGOs provide counseling services to them and guarantee safety to them.
The victims are also repatriated to their mother countries this is by confisticating the passports from the traffickers. Victims do not only undergo mental harm they are also tortured physically, malnutrition, destruction of reproductive healthiness, abortions and even being subjected to sexually transmitted diseases to help them withstand all those threats NGOs provide medical services to them and ensure that the victims get full recovery (Farr, 2004).
The rise of INTERPOL has helped in battle against the practice of sex trafficking this is by the establishment of standing party which is very active. Together with NGOs and law enforcement agencies INTERPOL is providing essential information relating to victims and human traffickers this has led to increased detention and persecution.
To show the extent of child trafficking NGO are providing statistical information relating to the demand and offer, this measure is intended to pressure the government understand and see the extent to which this illegal activity is practiced. However as the NGOs are fighting against sex trafficking they are faced with lots of financial constraints in situations where they are forced to sign documents opposing prostitution before they are funded this is means that they will not receive the much needed funds to help them curb sex trafficking.
Sex victims who are illegal migrants face severe hardship because they are not entitled to any form of benefit from the government as they are not recognized and they may even end up being detained in the criminal detention facilities. Due to the fear of deportation/removal by the service of immigration and naturalization or even in some cases arrest and detention by the local agencies of law enforcement subjected to the trafficked persons, traffickers take advantage of this and keep their sex captives isolated and under their control.
Through establishing standards and clear roles NGOs are able to easily identify the victims of trafficking this will help by ensuring that there is a fast response to them and thus relieving the much pain that they are undergoing. In addition to this NGO ensures that all the process of identification will protect the dignity and the right of the child, this will create a favorable or conducive environment not only to the current victims who are reporting but also to the potential ones.
NGOs come in to help sex victims to acquire certification as through this they (trafficked sex victims) will be eligible to benefit from the government services. Adequate research is carried out to identify the needs and the various expectations that a particular victim has and in the situations where a victim is repatriated NGOs establish a follow-up mechanism whereby they ensure that there is a lasting reintegration and the victim is always away from the pimps (Penttinem, 2008).
Various human rights commission such as Tiny Stars have come in strongly trying to fight and help the victims of sex trafficking this is by establishing a network of agent who work undercover (this agents are normally former agents of FBI or even CIA), by the name of Global Centurion, Tiny Stars are collecting funds which they use to offer food and other necessities to the victims of sex exploitation.
NGOs are providing further assistance to vulnerable persons by compelling the government to establish measures that help to identify migrant persons; this is by use of passports and even by regulating number of visas issued, they (NGO) go an extra mile to ensure that minors who are not accompanied are catered for accordingly (Anker & Doomerik, 2006). Sex victims are further protected this is by having them testify in cameras and due to the communication barrier the NGOs ensure that they undergo language training and also secure work permits for them to make sure that they live a morally upright life.
As majority of the victims are children who lack education NGOs establish educational institutions for them so as to ensure they (children) do no fall victims of exploitation in the future and that they will acquire the much needed skills necessary for their future job opportunities (Dow & Wood, 2006). Though there are various laws that are meant to protect and restrain human trafficking especially child trafficking a lot has to be done in this sector. This is by the poor policies which do not recognize the rights of children victims of trafficking and also the children whose mothers are victims of trafficking.
More to that the policies put in place are highly repetitive/duplicative in respect of the tasks they perform this is by using similar strategies, to ensure repetition is avoided proper systems of coordination should be put in place. More to this the government is failing to introduce in the school curricula information relating to human trafficking and the rights which a victim of trafficking is entitled to. The government policies have also failed to establish a special fund which would care for the persons who have fallen victim of sex trafficking (Farr, 2004).
Success has been achieved in that legislation has been passed that every organization which wishes to employ a person must first ensure that he is not a minor this will help to fight against child trafficking and also on child labor. Also child pornography in the mass media has been banned in so doing child trafficking has been reduced since their (children) need to act in pornographic videos is no longer required. Laying out of a clear difference between human trafficking and alien smuggling has also been a major success as victims of sex trafficking are now being treated differently compared to smugglers (Samarasinghe, 2007).
The non governmental organizations have also successfully ensured that there are laws or policies adopted by the government in respect to witness protection this help to safeguard the persons especially young women and children who fall casualties of sex trafficking. There has also been prohibition of advertising and even the sale of sex tourism services; this prohibition acts as an anti-incentive to the sex traffickers to continue engaging in their immoral business (Caroline, 1998).
Increased integration activities between the government and the non governmental organizations have emerged, this cooperation of activities has shown unity and great commitment that the government has in the fight against human trafficking especially to the children and women victims who are most vulnerable. The government is also moving forward in helping the victims of sex exploitation this is by involving them in existing and also emerging initiatives for the groups that are disadvantaged.
Government supports them by providing to them scholarships, social support and even job placements, these measures make the sexually exploited person feel a sense of belonging and loved (Nair & Sen, 2005). Just like other ordinary persons in the society the victims of sexual violation are human being who are entitled to human rights, the government should protect them just as it does to its other citizens. Those victims must not be treated as criminals just because of the things that they have done or even because of the things that have been done to them.
Increased screening at the airports and borders has helped to fight trafficking vices exhibited and reducing the number of people falling victim of human trafficking. More education has been provided to prosecutors and police officers this will enable them carry high quality investigations that will help curb trafficking practices Trafficking of persons is treated as modern day slavery it is treated as illegal thus NGOs ensure that the persons involved in it are apprehended and face the law.
References Samarasinghe, V. (2007). Female Sex Trafficking. New York: Routledge publishing Company. Nair, M. and Sen, S. (2005). Trafficking of the Females and Children. New Delhi: New Orient Blackswan publishers Farr, K. (2004). Sex Trafficking. New York: Worth publishing Centre. Penttinem, E. (2008). Globalization, Sex-trafficking and Prostitution. New York: Routledge publishers. Anker, C. and Doomerik, J. (2006). Rights of Women and Trafficking.
New York: Macmillan Publishers. Mayer, H. and Pizer, F. (2008). HIV Prevention. New Delhi: Academic publishers. Academic Press, 2008 Caroline, S. (1998). Gender and Migration. New York: Oxfam publishers. Dow, J. and Wood, T. (2006). The SAGE: Gender and Communication Handbook. New York: Sage publishers. Bullard, A. (2008). Human Rights in Crisis. New York: Ashgate publishers. Sheldon, Z. (2007). Trafficking in Human Being and Smuggling. New York: Greenwood Publishers.