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Nationalism Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Nation and Nationalism: a Study of Asif Currimbhoy’s Sonar Bangla

Nationalism has been a potent, political, cultural and economic force. It denotes a sense of national consciousness which unites a group of people and separates them from others. According to the principle of self determination, each nation has the right to be independent and to form a suitable type of government for it. A nation is historically constituted stable community of people. The borders between the nations are constructed and defended by groups of people. The concept of nationalism had its origin in Western Europe. It emerged with the growth of capitalism and industrialisation as a fundamental component of imperialist expansion. Benedict Anderson’s definition of nation as ‘An imagined political community’ has provided a wider perspective on the notion of…

Fiery Nationalism

For more than five centuries it has been, and remains, the world’s “most powerful idea”. Nationalism is a key characteristic of traditional global politics. Despite its strength however, nationalism is not as dominant a political identity as it once was. Nationalism had existed throughout human civilization; it became a major political movement, in large part because of centuries of imperialism. As countries expanded their borders through warfare and colonialism, the map of the world was completely redrawn. Geographic lines were shifted to create political entities based on the “winners” and “losers” of conflicts rather than based on ethnic lines of indigenous populations. Nationalism is a doctrine invented in Europe at the beginning of the nineteenth century. It pretends to supply…

Ethnic Groups in Pakistan

I would like to thank the Sociology Program and the School of Critical Enquiry at the University of Woilongong for helping me to travel to Pakistan twice to do my fieldwork. In Pakistan there are too many people who have helped me in many different ways. I am grateful to all those academics, journalists, politicians, lawyers and activists who spared their time to speak to me. I would like to especially thank Mazhar Abbas who not only provided me with very useful information and contacts but also arranged meetings with the MQM leaders. I am indebted to Ahmed Shah and Ayub Shiekh for organising one of the most entertaining as well as productive trips to Hyderabad where they arranged meetings…

Ethnic Groups in Pakistan

Recommended Citation Khan, Adeel, Ethnic nationalism and the state in Pakistan, Doctor of Philosophy thesis, Faculty of Arts, University of Wollongong, 2001. http://ro. uow. edu. au/theses/1736 Research Online is the open access institutional repository for the University of Wollongong. For further information contact the UOW Library: [email protected] edu. au Ethnic Nationalism and the State in Pakistan A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy from University of Woilongong by Adeel Khan Sociology Program, Faculty of Arts February 2001 Declaration I, Adeel Khan, declare that this thesis, submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy, in the Sociology Program of Faculty of Arts, University of Woilongong,…

National Identtiy

National identity refers to the set of attributes and beliefs shared by those who belong to the same nation, the legitimate form of a political organization. Our independence and the way the achieve liberty is through self-rule. According to Anthony Smith a nation is a self-identifying group or community based on such factors as a common culture, history, language, ethnicity and religion. (Power Point Lecture) Nations can adopt a degree of common culture and belief, a set of common understandings such as language and ambitions to promote a cohesive unit. National identity is multi-dimensional and there are 5 fundamental features: historic territory or homeland, common myths and historical memories, a common mass public culture, common legal rights and duties for…

Revolutionary War vs. 9/11

The Revolutionary War and 9/11 were both events that are still very talked about today.. They impacted America so much, and shook our history forever. Despite the differences in era, cause, and effects, they were also were alike in many ways. The Revolutionary War and 9/11 differ in many ways. First, the obvious fact that they took place in very different time periods. The Revolutionary War, which took place from 1775-1783 was an era before modern technology. Therefore, it took days, maybe even weeks before the media could inform the people of the events of the war. In the events on 9/11, which took place on September 11, 2001, people all across the globe knew what was going on by…

Is Ddlj a Nationalist Cinema

In the words of Benedict Anderson, a nation is “an imagined political community” (Anderson 6). He goes on to explain that it is imagined because even in the smallest of nations not everyone will know one another or meet one another, “yet in the minds of each lives the image of their communion” (Anderson 6) and I agree. In the Indian context, if you compare a family living in the northern sections of the country to a family living in the southern pockets, you will find that the sense of national pride in both will be the same. Indian nationalism can be divided into two: Culture and tradition. When the two of them are knit together, it is called as…

An Ideal Student

Nationality is the legal relationship between an individual human and a nation state. Nationality normally confers some protection of the individual by the state, and some obligations on the individual towards the state. What these rights and duties are vary from country to country. It differs technically and legally from citizenship, although in most modern countries all nationals are citizens of the state and all citizens are nationals of the state. Nationality affords the state jurisdiction over the Person and affords the person the protection of the state. The most common distinguishing feature of citizenship is that citizens have the right to participate in the political life of the state, such as by voting or standing for election. The term…

Nationalism Webquest

1. According to the website, what is Nationalism? Nationalism is loyalty to the idea of the state rather than to the community. 2. What is the difference between Nationalism and Patriotism? Patriotism is a love of one’s country that inspires one to serve for the benefit of its citizens. Nationalism is also a love of one’s country, but with the belief that the country is superior to other countries. 3. What was the Romantic Movement and how did it enhance nationalist feelings? The Romantic Movement provided a set of cultural myths and folks traditions that set nations apart. 4. Use the information on only the initial page to briefly describe the impact of nationalism in each of the four countries…

Nationalism and the origins of The first world war

When global war broke out in 1914 dreams of world peace and prosperity were shattered. Accordingly, the First World War was arguably one of the most traumatic episodes in the history of international affairs. Geopolitically speaking, the First World War (also described as WWI in this essay) was unprecedented in both scale and sheer loss of human life. Never before had the world witnessed such carnage and violence perpetuated through the use of modern technology. The First World War touched much of the world and the implications of this conflict reverberated across the globe. Seeking to understand the historical explanations as well as the role that nationalism played in the outbreak of the First World War, this essay will explore…

Nationalism and National Identity

The growth of nationalism and national identity was believed to be one of the major causes of World War I. Strong patriotic sentiments among countries in pre-war Europe resulted in the competition for national supremacy. This rivalry later started the war. The Role of Nationalism and National Identity in World War I The growth of nationalism and national identity was believed to be one of the major causes of World War I. Strong patriotic sentiments among countries in pre-war Europe resulted in the competition for national supremacy. They waged war with each other over Africa, China and other protectorates across the world. This antagonism culminated in the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on June 28, 1914, prompting the start of…

Kunder, a Nation Which Cannot Take Itself for Granted

A Nation Which Cannot Take Itself for Granted is an excerpt from From Czechoslovakia: The Party and the People, published in June of 1967, by Milan Kundera. Although it focuses upon Czechoslovakia (the nation which cannot take itself for granted), it is more than a warning to the Czechoslovakian people of Czechoslovakia; it is also a foreshadowing of the coming danger to all nations. Although Kundera speaks directly to the Czech people, the significance of this work is its universal applicability. Kundera begins by quickly describing what makes a nation. He summarizes it as an amalgam of a people’s culture, political system, and history. He notes that though nations are a new phenomenon their existence is usually taken for granted…

An Illusion for the Masses

“Patriotism is the last refuge of the scoundrel.” So said 18th Century British writer Samuel Johnson. One can start to think about patriotism in its many forms but still arrive at the same juncture, it is simply people’s need to align themselves with a larger identity. This larger identity could range from a neighbourhood to a sports team to a nation. Finding security, seeking pleasure, are, in my humble opinion, the most basic of human motives, which patriotism helps indulge. It evokes a sense of belonging, instilling the illusion of safety among a mass. Patriotism in its present form, surely, is a human construct. True, it could be argued that it is derived from the primeval habit of being territorial,…

War Is Big Business

When wars erupt, suffering and hardship invariably follow. “Conflict is the breeding ground for mass violations of human rights including unlawful killings, torture, forced displacement and starvation” (www.amnesty.org). This is basically the definition for armed conflict. Armed conflict in my opinion simply means war. Our men and women constantly put their lives on the line, possibly over a dispute between two powerful men who could not come to an agreement. Our men and women our dispatched out to the war zone, and destroy on command just to help these powerful men gain more power. World War II had the most casualties ever in the history of war. World War II was a global war that started in 1939 and ended…

Book Review “Prejudice and Pride” by Krishna Kumar

The piece of work which is being reviewed is authored by an eminent educationist Krishna Kumar. The title of the book is Prejudice and Pride which has been published by Penguin Books India Limited,Viking in the year 2001. The subtitle of the book ‘School Histories of the Freedom Struggle in India and Pakistan’ reflects major concern as well as the prime area of investigation in this book by the author. It is a comparative study between the school history textbooks of the neighboring countries India and Pakistan. The impetus to take up this path of exploration by Krishna Kumar can also be seen somewhere as his response to the several decades of hostility between India and Pakistan. The writer takes…

Love and Patriotism

Patriotism is a frame of mind in which one loves one’s country and is proud of it. It is a vigorous feeling of love, loyalty and support for one’s country especially in defense against its enemies. It means that one should give more value and importance to one’s country than to one’s own self. It makes one bound for certain responsibilities, and these responsibilities are ideological commitment and dedication to the defense and prosperity of one’s country. “Only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country. (Nathan Hale) Man is a social animal. It is hard for him to breathe in isolation. Contact with his fellow beings is inevitable for mutual growth and economic development. Patriotism…

Imagined Communities – A Critique

In my view, nationalism is not a new phenomenon. In most of my arguments in this paper, the afore-going statement serves as my point of departure as I largely disagree with most of Anderson’s positions on nationalism. While I agree that nations in many cases are imagined communities, this is not an inherent quality of nations, and neither are nations always sovereign, though they may be limited geographically. I posit that republicanism, rather than ‘print capitalism’, is the father of modern nations but at the same time, that nations are not products of modernity. All the same, I do agree with a number of Anderson’s approaches, namely that nationalism does lead people to sacrifice even the ultimate price and force…

History of Modern Middle East

This paper aims to provide a detailed understanding of the concept of Arab nationalism and the impact it had on the Arab-Israeli conflict. Arab nationalism is a nationalist ideology that grew during the time when the Great ottoman empire which had been ruling most of the eastern territory for the almost 500 years was facing its demise. So in order to properly understand the concept of the Arab nationalism we need to have background knowledge of the fall of the Ottoman Empire. After ruling the eastern area which included the Middle Eastern territory for more than 500 years the Turks within the ranks of the empire started to ignore other ethnicities which mostly included the Arabs and the Christians and…

History of Europe 1815-1914

Nationalism is a relatively recent phenomenon, considering the grand sweep of history. Although its roots can be found among the ancient Hebrews and Greeks, Niccolo Machiavelli’s book, The Prince, was the beginning of modern day nationalism, and was “important in the preparation of nationalism. ” (Kohn, 1955, p. 9) Machiavelli believed that the state must be preserved and defended at any cost, and longed for Italian unification, which was to come centuries later. John Milton of 17th century Great Britain is considered to be the architect of modern day nationalism. Milton regarded nationalism as “the affirmation of individual freedom from authority, the self-assertion of personality in face of its own government or church,” and the freedom to “utter and to…

Muslim Nationalism

In the twentieth- century Muslim leaders in South Asia along with North Africa defined nationalism in different ways in their countries. Documents 3 and 4 demonstrate the path of looking for power and gaining power through nationalism. Documents 1 and 2 show how South Asia and Northern Africa tried solving problems and gaining more education through nationalistic beliefs. Lastly, documents 5 and 6 shows the Algerian motives to being nationalists. Muslim leaders used nationalism to gain power, solve internal problem, and gain more education. Using potential power as a motive for being nationalistic was an option. Muslims wanted to copy European ways in order to have more power and achieve independence(Doc 4). The Europeans had a strong army that went…

Filipino nationalism

Jose Rizal first and probably most known novel, Noli Me Tangere certainly illustrates Filipino nationalism. The novel was truly significant in the establishment of national identity amongst the Filipinos. This novel stirred a great amount of controversy as Rizal illustrated the affairs of the Spaniards in the Philippines. According to the Spaniards officials, the novel of Jose Rizal was full of rebellious ideas and schemes in opposition of the Spanish government. But for Jose Rizal, this novel was his way of giving confidence and pushing his countrymen to struggle against the bad qualities and doings of the Spanish government. The novel presented how Filipinos were powerless and poor in their own country under the rule of the Spaniards (Rizal, 290)….

Rhetoric nationalism

Rhetoric nationalism is a new trend in most countries around the globe. Rhetoric nationalism aims to impart a strong sense of nationalism among every citizen. It believes in the power of every individual to make an absolute difference. Rhetoric nationalism aims to impart to every individual that they have the capability to implement positive change. Rhetoric nationalism is already a phenomenon. Time and various political events in the world have proved that every individual has a direct power towards freedom and rights. Different organizations and plans have been put up to provide avenues for volunteerism especially in education. Education is an important element in the being of every individual. Education enables an individual to be literate and competent. Formal education…

Hart Rudman Commission Report

The U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century, frequently known as the Hart-Rudman Commission after its chairmen, issued its third and final report in January 2001. The bottom-line conclusion is that the primary national security challenge that the United States will face in the next 20 or 30 years will be an attack by an adversary on the American homeland which could produce thousands of casualties. To deal with this threat, the commission calls for a major reorganization of the U.S. national security apparatus. The changed security environment and the changed threat to American society suggest a fundamental rethinking of the organizations designed to achieve national security. Phase 1 – New World Coming: American Security in the 21st Century was the…

Nationalism DBQ

“Nationalism united people into nation- states, toppled empires composed of many ethnic minorities, and contributed to the outbreak of wars in the nineteenth century. How would you evaluate this statement?” Nationalism is a common patriotic passion for one’s nation and fellow nationals that united, and still unites certain groups of people. Nationalism can cause for the birth of loyalty to ethnic minorities, which have potential to cause many historically significant events. It was a force that caused conflict in, and shaped the paths of Italy, Germany and France, among the other great European powers of the time. In France, on August 23, 1793 the “Levee en Masse” greatly impacted French society. The Levee en Masse was in a way, a…

Hero by Siegfried Sassoon analysis

Sassoon titles his poem “The Hero,” so the reader assumes the poem will praise a soldier’s courage, however, the title deceives the reader as it is about a mother praises her son, fed by the lies of the military and government. The writer uses rhyming couplets and also some other rhyming patterns. In the very first sentence, Sassoon highlights one of the main issues with the war. In the line, “Jack fell as he’d have wished,” reveals a delusion on not only the mother’s side but also on society’s. No one wishes to die violently, especially not in a war, and believing that they do makes parents send their children off blindly to the violence occurring on the front line….

Reflection Paper

The first article entitled Indian Indigeneities: Adavasi Engagements with Hindu Nationalism in India, is all about Adivasi people which is a social group named as scheduled tribes in India. These group of people participated in the war against Hindu supremacy, the Christians, and even the Muslims (Boviskar, 2000, p. 267). The main problem fought for by the adavasi tribes is politics of place and belonging in the Indian country. The main issue is to gain a separate tribal identity and fought for reclaiming rights to resources. In the event of this evolving situation, many non-governmental organizations helped in educating the said Indian tribes for them to stray away from their backward lifestyle and embrace modern developments. On the other hand,…

Loyalist or a Patriot

In the eighteenth century, during the American Revolutionary War, there were two opposing sides fighting against each other, the Patriots and the Loyalists. The Patriots rebelled against the British control, while the Loyalists, also known as “Tories” to the Patriots, remained loyal to the British crown. They chose to support the authority of the king rather than the power of the Parliament. Both driving forces had many golden opportunities to win the American Revolutionary War, but the Loyalists were unable to take advantage of their chances and that is why the war was won by the Americans and not the British. The Patriots had many benefits and they knew how to take advantage of them as well. The Patriots were…

One in The Same: WWI + WWII

The World War of the 20th Century was amongst the greatest and most lethal of all modern warfare. It was a horrific time whereas almost every civilized nation in the world was effected one way or the other. Despite the twenty-three year armistice, World War Two was merely Part Two of the First World War with higher stakes due to the fact that the same conflicts were never resolved (by the League of Nations), just drawn deeper into. There were also the same recurring factors such as nationalism, imperialism, and militarism. Nationalism is defined as an intense loyalty to one’s nation. It serves as an important factor to uniting people in one’s own nation. Unfortunately, it does not apply to…

US Isolationism in the 1910s and 1920s

Following the maelstrom of violence that was the First World War, the United States retreated into a protective shell of isolationism. This is seen most through comparing the rampant international meddling that took place in the period 1900-1919 with the tariffs and political isolation that was the norm of the 1920s. In the first two decades of the twentieth century, the US acted as a world power. They played both sides in World War I until they finally joined the Allies side. After their victory in World War I, President Wilson pushed his 14 Points on Europe, fundamentally dictating the resolution of the war to European leaders. With the assistance of other European leaders, Wilson essentially redrew the borders of…

Italy between 1918 and 1929

Fascism was born with an ambiguous face, surging from socialist ideas developed in a strong nationalistic way, embracing monarchy and free-trade; it also had expansionist policies. Mussolini himself was in fact socialist, but as his party was not getting as many votes as he expected he shifted to fascism, but reluctantly breaking his links with socialism. The rise and the consolidation of power was done in a superficially legal manner, but a party led by a dictator needs a harsh rule to stay in power and be to some extent ruthless to bring order – something Europe needed, specially after the mess created by World War One. By 1900 the process of unification in Italy, the Risorgimento, had largely been…