In the past few years, the growing number of gangs and gang related violence or incidents led to several researches, studies, and surveys conducted and published since 1995. All of the studies concluded that there is a significant association between the involvements of the youths of a certain community to gangs and gang related violence. It seems that the gangs have a strong effect and influence among the youths. Reports and studies show that the prevalence of gangs inside schools were linked or connected to the occurrence of criminal activities inside the school.
Such violence or activities result to an increased risk and danger on the side of the students. Also, the presence of gangs results to an increased number of youths becoming members of the gangs. The youths see he gangs as a way to protect them, yet in return, they involve themselves in gang related violence and may even include the use of prohibited drugs, resulting to various types of problems that tend to co-exist. Ultimately, the presence of gangs increase the reports regarding students or youths involved in committing violence or victims of violence (Chandler, et al, 1998, p12).
Gangs do not only occur within the school, but they are also generally present in the community. As such, they do not only affect the students and youths but also the jurisdictions of the community. Based on the National Youth Gang surveys which were conducted from 1996 to 200, youth gang violence and related problems affect all cities having more than 250,000 populations and 86% of cities with 100,000 to 250,000 populations.
The study, using surveys as a method of data collection also reported that there is an increasing persistence of gangs and gang related problems in the community (Egley, 2002). The persistence of gang activity and problems or gang violence nationwide requires further effort and consideration, not only from the government but also from the residents as well. This would lead to a simultaneous increase in the government and residents’ concern over gang activities and the violence amongst the youth.
Based on a survey which was conducted in May 24 and 27, 2007 that used telephone surveys as a method of data collection from 509 residential telephones, showed an increase in resident concerns on gangs. The survey conducted by the Sigma Analytics had plus or minus 4. 4 percent as margin of error (“Survey shows residents’ concern over gang activity, 2007). The residents believe that the age of highest risk or danger regarding the start of serious violent behavior amongst the youth is between the age of 15 and 16. For this reason, residents working side by side with the government also increase in number.
There are further developments of current programs or more activities which the government are creating or currently implementing in order to keep our youths from gang activities and other problems involving violence. Some laws on gangs and gang related violence are being processed, where some are already being implemented. Residents as well continue to create programs or develop methods and ways to keep the youths away from gangs. Gang related violence are being prevented or reduced with the continuing cooperation that exists amongst the government and the residents.
Surveys and studies also show that there is an increase in programs that aids in the prevention of gangs being conducted by schools and other school-based organizations. Using statistics or surveys as method of analysis, the Survey of School-Based Gang Prevention and Intervention Program concluded in their study that schools and some agencies have conducted programs or activities that helps prevent or reduce gang-related problems and violence among the youths (Gottfredson and Gottfredson, 2006). METHODOLOGY
Introduction The following study, more specifically the survey, will be conducted with the cooperation of the residents of the community and school administrators and teachers, for they are the ones who have strong background on handling the youths. This study aims to asses the characteristics of the gangs present in their community and their schools, to explore the extent of youth associations to violence and gangs and to identify methods of keeping our youths away from gang activities or violence.
The youths, with their young and fragile minds, should be asked or surveyed with great care as to protect them from any harm or from being influenced negatively. The study would give a background on the extent of the problem regarding the prevalence of gangs, and gang related violence among the youths and methods or ways of keeping our youths away from gangs, therefore, ultimately leading to the development of a government grant. Target Population and Sampling Procedure The study will be conducted focusing on the students in the community schools.
The students will be broken down into three age categories or groups and these are 11 to 13, 14 to 16, 17 to 18, where the students are separated by gender in each age bracket. Since the study deals and is conducted among the youths, therefore, the main methods of collecting information that the study would be using are face-to-face interviewing and may also include telephone surveys. The sampling procedure employed by the study would be a randomized selection of students through the use of a random number generator.
As such, a list of students under the age brackets would be constructed in order to determine a sufficient sample population. Bibliography Survey shows residents’ concern over gang activity [Electronic (2007). Version]. Leader-Post. Retrieved October 12, 2007 from http://www. canada. com/reginaleaderpost/news/story. html. Chandler, K. A. , Chapman, C. D. , Rand, M. R. , & Taylor, B. M. (1998). Students’ Reports of School Crime: 1989 and 1995. Washington, DC: U. S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, National Center for Education Statistics, and U.
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