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Mid Term Study Guide Essay

Chapter One Quiz Answer Key
Indicate whether each of the following statements is true or false by circling the appropriate letter.
1. T F Public speaking is more highly structured than conversation. 1. T F Using the power of visualization to control stage fright means that you should approach your speech as a performance in which the audience is looking for perfection.

2. T F Critical thinking is a way of thinking negatively about everything you hear in a speech. 3. T F A speaker’s frame of reference and a listener’s frame of reference will never be exactly the same. 4. T F As your textbook explains, the speaker’s message consists only of what the speaker says with language.

5. T F When you adjust to the situation of a public speech, you are doing on a larger scale what you do every day in conversation. 6. T F The nonverbal messages that listeners send back to speakers are called feedback. 7. T F Speechmaking becomes more complex as cultural diversity increases. 8. T F Some nervousness before you speak is usually beneficial. 9. T F Ethnocentrism is unique to western cultures such as those in the United States and Europe.

Chapter Four Quiz Answer Key
letter.

1. T F One of the most common mistakes students make on their first speech is trying to cover too much. 2. T F Each main point in the body of your first speech should cover a single aspect of the topic. 3. T F According to your textbook, the best way to practice a speech is to look silently over your notes until you think you know the speech well enough to deliver it in class.

4. T F As your textbook states, colorful or descriptive language is an effective way to generate audience interest in an introductory speech. 5. T F According to your textbook, the best way to prepare to give your first speech is to memorize it and deliver it word for word.

6. T F The topical method of speech organization follows a time pattern. 7. T F For your first speech, your textbook recommends trying to end on a clever or thought-provoking note. 8. T F Extemporaneous delivery means delivering a speech “off the cuff,” with no advance preparation. 9. T F When it is your turn to speak, you should hurry to the front of the room and start talking immediately so you don’t lose the audience’s attention. 10. T F Most of the nervousness a speaker feels internally is usually not visible to the audience.

Chapter Five Quiz Answer Key
Indicate whether each of the following statements is true or false by circling the appropriate letter.
1. T F You should usually avoid drawing on your personal knowledge or experience when choosing a speech topic. 2. T F After choosing a topic, the next step in speech preparation is determining your specific purpose. 3. T F “To inform my audience how to build a bird house and about the migratory patterns of birds” is an example of an effective specific purpose statement for a speech.

4. T F The specific purpose of a speech usually “sums up” the main points to be developed in the body of the speech. 5. T F It is important to keep your audience in mind as you formulate the specific purpose for your speech. 6. T F The central idea of a speech often emerges after you have done your research and have decided on the main points of the speech. 7. T F Most often, a speaker’s general purpose will fall into one of two categories–to inform or to demonstrate.

8. T F “Conducting regular car maintenance” is an example of an effective specific purpose statement for a speech. 9. T F The difference between informing and persuading is like the difference between teaching and advocating. 10. T F “The three most distinctive traits of Chow Chows are their black tongues, their thick coats, and their manes” is an example of a well-worded central idea for a speech.

Chapter Six Quiz Answer Key
letter.

1. T F The primary purpose of speechmaking is to demonstrate your command of the topic. 2. T F The need for audience analysis and adaptation is one of the major differences between public speaking and everyday conversation. 3. T F Egocentrism means that audiences typically approach speeches by asking “Why is this important for me?”

4. T F Recognizing that some of your listeners may have racial, ethnic, cultural, or sexual orientations that bear upon your topic is part of demographic audience analysis. 5. T F Audience size, the physical setting for the speech, and the audience’s disposition toward the topic, the speaker, and the occasion are all elements of situational audience analysis.

6. T F Communication scholars use the term “identification” to refer to the way speakers use stereotypes to analyze the demographic traits of their audience. 7. T F Audience analysis and adaptation affect all aspects of speechmaking except for the delivery of the speech itself.

8. T F No matter what the occasion, listeners will have fairly definite expectations about the kinds of speeches appropriate for the occasion. 9. T F The aim of successful speechmaking is to gain a desired response from listeners even if the speaker must compromise his or her beliefs to do so. 10. T F Every speech contains two messages–the one sent by the speaker and the one received by the listener.

Chapter Nine Quiz Answer Key
Indicate whether each of the following statements is true or false by circling the appropriate letter.
1. T F According to your textbook, it is usually best to prepare the body of the speech before the introduction. 2. T F “Above all, you need to know . . .” is an example of a signpost. 3. T F The most effective order for the main points of a speech depends upon the topic, the specific purpose, and the audience. 4. T F “Now that we have explored the problem, let’s turn to the solution” is an example of an internal preview. 5. T F Speeches arranged in chronological order follow a time pattern.

6. T F In topical order, the main points proceed from top to bottom, left to right, front to back, east to west, or some similar route. 7. T F How well a speech is organized affects how listeners view the speaker’s competence and trustworthiness. 8. T F Speeches arranged in problem-solution order are divided into four main parts. 9. T F If a speech is 45 minutes long, an audience can be expected to keep track of as many as a dozen main points. 10. T F According to your textbook, an internal summary must be used after every main point in a speech.

Chapter Ten Quiz Answer Key
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1. T F Regardless of what other methods you use to gain attention, you should always relate the topic to your audience in the introduction of a speech. 2. T F Goodwill is the audience’s perception of whether a speaker is qualified to speak on a given topic. 3. T F Establishing goodwill is more likely to be necessary in the introduction of a persuasive speech than in the introduction of an informative speech. 4. T F The preview statement in a speech introduction identifies the main points to be discussed in the body. 5. T F Under normal circumstances, the introduction should constitute about 10 to 20 percent of a speech.

6. T F The only way to convey that your speech is ending is through the use of words such as “In conclusion.” 7. T F A “rhetorical question” is a question that the audience answers mentally rather than out loud. 8. T F As your textbook explains, working out a speech introduction in detail can boost a speaker’s confidence. 9. T F Referring back to the introduction in your conclusion is a good way to give the speech psychological unity 10. T F A speech conclusion that builds in power and intensity as it moves toward the closing line is known as a dissolve ending.

Chapter Eleven Quiz Answer Key
Indicate whether each of the following statements is true or false by circling the appropriate letter.
1. T F When making a preparation outline, you should state your main points and subpoints in full sentences to ensure that you develop your ideas fully. 2. T F According to your textbook, the introduction, body, and conclusion should all be labeled in a speech preparation outline.

3. T F In the most common system of outlining, main points are identified by Roman numerals and subpoints by capital letters. 4. T F Including the specific purpose with your preparation outline makes it easier to assess how well you have constructed the speech to accomplish your purpose. 5. T F The speaking outline follows a different pattern of symbolization and indentation from the preparation outline. 6. T F “Are Our Bridges Safe?” would be an appropriate title for a speech on bridge safety.

7. T F It is seldom necessary to write out quotations in full in a speaking outline. 8. T F The visual framework of a preparation outline shows the relationships among the speaker’s ideas. 9. T F Delivery cues should be included on both the preparation and speaking outlines. 10. T F The speaking outline is essentially a manuscript of your speech.

Chapter Fifteen Quiz Answer Key
letter.

1. T F Your textbook discusses four kinds of informative speeches: speeches about objects, speeches about concepts, speeches about processes, and speeches about events. 2. T F A lawyer urging a jury to acquit her client is an example of informative speaking. 3. T F If the specific purpose of your informative speech is to recount the history of an event, you will usually arrange the speech in chronological order.

4. T F When an informative speech about a process has more than five steps, the speaker should group the steps into units so as to limit the number of main points. 5. T F Research shows that using personal terms such as “you” and “your” in an informative speech can increase listeners’ understanding of the speaker’s ideas. 6. T F Informative speeches about concepts are usually arranged in spatial order.

7. T F Using jargon in an informative speech is useful since it demonstrates your expertise on the topic. 8. T F “To inform my audience how to create their own blog” is a specific purpose statement for an informative speech about a process. 9. T F Informative speeches are seldom organized in topical order. 10. T F When giving an informative speech, you should think about ways to relate your topic to the audience in the body of the speech as well as in the introduction.


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