Nonverbal Communication Methods
Nonverbal communication consists of sharing a message in any form that does not involve words. It is present in our everyday life, and any intake of information, whether it be through sight, sound, touch, smell or taste, is considered a valid form of communication. Learning about nonverbal communication can prove to be beneficial in all aspects of your life, including relationships and public speaking as well as psychological and emotional health.
Even when we speak, there are some elements of nonverbal communication present called paralanguage. According to Bently University, paralanguage refers to the vocal aspects of communication, such as speaking style, intonation and voice. A clear example is how something you say can change how others perceive it if you change your intonation without changing your words.
Haptic communication refers to the relay of information through touch, according to Saint Mary’s College Notre Dame. By using haptic communication, you can comfort a friend with a hug and a pat on the back, or hurt an enemy by physically harming him. Haptic communication tends to be more common in children before they learn to speak. It also plays a big role in sexuality and intimacy and when given without permission can be considered a form of harassment. It is recommended that you always have consent from the receiver when communication through touch.
Body language is an intricate form of nonverbal communication that happens on a daily basis and can sometimes relay more than words can. The University of Northern Iowa defines body language as having an impact on what is being portrayed not only from the type of movements but also the proximity of those movements to the receiver. For example, leaning forward in a moderate form can communicate friendly feelings, while doing so in an exaggerated form communicates hostile feelings. Body language can show your self-confidence and state of mind and is visible not only by those with whom you interact but also by onlookers around you.
Communication Through Art, Music and Dance
Communicating in a nonverbal way through art, music and dance is a personal form of expression that can greatly influence others’ emotions, ideas and moods. This type of communication can sometimes generate movement around it if others feel empathetic to what is being communicated. It can also invite them to join in, such as dancing in a gathering or playing instruments with friends.