Throughout the ages; societies around the world have been compared and contrasted, this is due to the growing interests of the human mind. Although the Indus River Valley was complex and exceptionally organized due to it’s agricultural opportunities, Mesopotamia serves as a more remarkable society. Known for being the ‘cradle of civilization’, Mesopotamia formed a benchmark as the most ancient highly developed society. While Mesopotamia was the most dominant society to come at such an early time, the Indus River Valley also housed an ideal location susceptible for great agricultural advancements and options for humans.
It is said that the development of the Mesopotamian society began around 5300 B.C. because of the clashing of urban societies. Around 3300 B.C., the Indus River Valley took sail. Both societies took advantage of their location; furthermore, they relied on agriculture as their way of life. This ‘way of life’ proceeded to stabilize the people of the society. This stabilization triggered the advancements in technology and soon became the reason of such outstanding civilizations.
The geography of Mesopotamia was the main reason that their society was able to build up to the advanced town archaeologists say it was today. Their cities were so substantially advanced that there are some communities in our world today that do not have the public works that Mesopotamia had; likewise, the Indus River Valley shared in these several public works such as: canals, sewer systems, irrigation, and government.
The society of Mesopotamia was forced to suffice manpower to excavate canals for their irrigation system, which led to a natural occurrence of prosperity and advancement. Although there is fair evidence supporting the facts of Mesopotamian society, the facts of the Indus River Valley seemed to have dried out, literally. Archaeologists have found many dried up rivers adjacent to their society; yet, they have not proceeded to find factual evidence of canals for irrigation.
Even though Mesopotamia is the older of the two civilizations, it was just as, if not more, civilized than its comparison the Indus River Valley. It is proven that the Mesopotamian society acquired the many public works previously discussed; yet, there lacks evidence of Indus River Valley canals, the Indus River Valley did have the most exceptional drainage system at it’s peak. This drainage system involved drains in every home and bathing area that drained into a covered city-wide drainage system.
In conclusion, the societies of Mesopotamia and the Indus River Valley have served to show many similarities and few differences. This statement reflects upon the given comparisons and minor differences in the essay. Although each society relied on their phenomenal placement geographically, the society of Mesopotamia stands out due to it’s earlier age and concrete evidence proving exceptionality.
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