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Mental disorder Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Psychological Disorders

1. Does Katherine’s description meet the clinical criteria for a panic attack? Substantiate your answer. A panic attack is described as an unexpected period wherein the person suffers intense fear that occurs without warning or any reason.  It is characterized by shortness of breath, palpitations, chest discomfort, trembling, choking feeling, intense sweating, nausea, dizziness, feelings of being detached from oneself, fear of going crazy, dying fears, numbness, and cold or hot flashes.  For an episode to be considered a panic attack, the person has to meet four of the symptoms.  In Katherine’s case, she described four of the symptoms to having a panic attack.  She said that she felt dizzy, had difficulty breathing, was feeling nauseous, and felt like she was…

Analyzing Psychological Disorders

Schizophrenia is a mental illness that is chronic and severe. It can be a disabling illness that affects men and women with the same ratio or frequency. This term is from a Greek word that means having a “split mind”. Though this usage in medical terms is not accurate. The Western perception of this illness is their belief that the term is equal to a disorder of split personality. They have been found to be very distinct mental disorders. People afflicted with schizophrenia do not manifest split personalities. Schizophrenia is an illness hat affects the mind and is characterized by the disability of perceptions and manifestations of reality. Schizophrenia has five classifications. The first is the paranoid type where hallucinations…

Mental Health as Social Problem

Mental illness can be a social problem because there are a lot of mental illnesses that affect how you socialize with the world. For instance, anxiety / panic disorders affect your ability to communicate with the world. Social anxiety disorder equals social phobia. With social anxiety disorder, you find it hard if not impossible to talk to anyone. Typically a person with social anxiety disorder will sit by themselves, withdrawn from society due to their phobia of it. A person with severe depression could be affected socially as well. A depressed person will typically be withdrawn and won’t open up about his/her feelings. They are not likely to be happy, social, or cheerful. They tend to be downers and social…

Mental and Behavioral Health Services

While the future of Mental and Behavioral Health Services continue to strive through many striving goals to develop continuous practices, treatments, evaluations, policies, and research, advancements are taking place to better the future of this program and its outreach to the people. Mental disorders are common in the United States and internationally. An estimated 26.2 percent of Americans ages 18 and older — about one in four adults — suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year.1 When applied to the 2004 U.S. Census residential population estimate for ages 18 and older, this figure translated to 57.7 million people.2 Even though mental disorders are common in the population, the main load of illness is concentrated in a much…

Three Faces of Eve

How profound must it have been for the two psychiatrists to stmble upon the first recorded case of multiple personality disorder (MPD). This discovery opened the eyes of people all around the world and was arguably the reason for the massive rise in diagnoses for MPD. The movie is based on a true story of a woman named Chris Costner Sizemore, in the movie she is referred to as Eve White along with her two other personalities Eve black and Jane. The movie illustrates how two psychiatrists, Corbett H. Thigpen and Hervey M. Cleckley, diagnose Eve white and her multiple personalities. The movie begins with the husband of Eve and herself at Dr. luthers office which her new psychiatrists who…

Black Swan Report

Unreliable narrator is a narrator who can’t be trusted, because of a bias point of view, ignorance or self-interest. In the other hand, a reliable narrator is trustworthy, impartial, and most of the times omniscient. I loved the point of view of this movie because it all happened from the point of view of Nina, the protagonist. If you have some general knowledge about psychological disorders you will suspect of Nina having schizophrenia or dissociative identity disorder. Nina is not a reliable narrator, because her point of view of reality is altered. I believe that Nina doesn’t die at the end. We can’t trust her as a narrator. If she suffers schizophrenia, probably the scene in which she breaks the…

Behaviour Research and Therapy

Abstract Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for Social Phobia is effective in both group and individual formats. However, the impact of group processes on treatment efficacy remains relatively unexplored. In this study we examined group cohesion ratings made by individuals at the midpoint and endpoint of CBT groups for social phobia. Symptom measures were also completed at the beginning and end of treatment. We found that cohesion ratings significantly increased over the course of the group and were associated with improvement over time in social anxiety symptoms, as well as improvement on measures of general anxiety, depression, and functional impairment. In conclusion, findings are consistent with the idea that changes in group cohesion are related to social anxiety symptom reduction and, therefore,…

Qualitative Research Critique

Hi, my name is Cindy Walters. I am presenting a qualitative research critique on a study conducted in 2011 on people with bipolar disorder with comorbid substance use. The study is entitled “The lived experience of adults with bipolar disorder and comorbid substance use disorder” written by Terry Ward, MSN, PhD, RN. Bipolar disorder involves changes in cognition, behavior, and mood. The episodes of bipolar disorder cycle through mania and depression. Mania is described as an elevated, irritable, or expansive mood, whereas depression is the opposite or hypomania. In the manic phase people present as euphoric, enthusiastic, and optimistic with an infectious personality. The euphoric state may suddenly may be replaced by extreme irritability if the persons needs are not…

Little Bee by Chris Cleave

In the novel Little Bee, by Chris Cleave, the author writes about a refugee girl and a couple of English citizens who face many struggles as they move on with their lives.Suicide is a big factor on how the character’s separate lives work out. The different reasons for committing or wanted commit suicide could be seen as immoral from the readers’ perspective. The character Little Bee constantly thinks about ways to kill herself when enters new environments and her refugee companion hangs herself while being mentally ill. Andrew commits suicide while being clinically depressed leaving back Charlie father less. Although suicide is widely seen as immoral, suicide can be justified as understandable after acknowledging factors like depression, rationality, and traumatic…

Challenges of Teaching Students with Ebd

Fifty years ago, students with emotional behavioral disabilities could be housed in an institution with no hope of education. Twenty years ago, it was acceptable for schools to isolate these same students in the school away from the general population. Today, students with emotional behavioral disabilities have increased interaction with general education students in a more normalized environment. But with all that change the challenge of teaching students with emotional behavioral disorders remains with the ambiguous, confusing and conflicting definition of what emotional behavioral disabilities are. IDEA recognized Emotional Behavioral Disorder as an Emotional Disturbance. The American Psychiatric Association Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) are classified under the umbrella of emotional disorders. In this classification…

Mental Disorder and Mental Health Problems

This unit aims to provide the learner with knowledge of the main forms of mental health problems according to the psychiatric classification system. Learners also consider the strengths and limitations of this model and look at alternative frameworks for understanding mental distress. The focus of the unit is on understanding the different ways in which mental health problems impact on the individual and others in their social network. It also considers the benefits of early intervention in promoting mental health and well-being. Credit Level 3 3 Assessment criteria The learner can: 1.1 Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system: mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance-related disorders, eating disorders, cognitive…

Seven Elements Of Abnormality

In 1998 Rosenhan & Seligman described the seven elements common to most definitions of abnormality. The seven elements they can up with are suffering, maladaptiveness, irrationality and incomprehensibility, unpredictability and loss of control, vividness and unconventionality, observer discomfort, and violation of moral and ideal standards. Suffering is when patients report that they are suffering. Maladaptiveness is behavior, which prevents people from achieving major life goals such as having a family or working an everyday job. Vividness and unconventionality is when patient’s behavior is substantially different from most people. Unpredictability and loss of control is behavior of abnormal people is often very variable and uncontrolled and inappropriate. Irrationality and incomprehensibility others cannot understand why anyone would choose to behave in this…

Unwrapping the Truth

A tranquil sanctuary of a home set back from the beaten path and far from the stresses of everyday city life would be the perfect place for a summer vacation, or so one might be convinced. She considered herself lucky, the narrator of “The Yellow Wallpaper”, to have reserved such a grand homestead for their retreat. Soon she would discover that this was not the peaceful escape from reality that she required. Diagnosed with a nervous disorder by her husband, a physician, this house was not to be used as a vacation home, but as an asylum wherein he would keep her for treatment. Confined within the lacking gardens and hedges of her temporary lodgings, the narrator, Jane, was forced…

Saints, Scholars and Schizophrenics

“It is generally accepted that schizophrenia is a condition in which the person alters his representation of reality in order to escape or withdraw from seemingly unresolvable conflicts and from social interactions that are painful. ”(Nancy quotes Hill, Lewis B 1955) as important defining quote of what is incorporated in characteristics of schizophrenia. In the mid 1970’s, in rural Ireland, cases of mental illness and schizophrenia was abnormally high; Nancy Scheper in her ethnography uncovers possible reasoning behind this with her personal experience in Ballybran, a village on the west coast of Ireland which consisted of a small population of farmers, fishermen and shepherds. In this community we find a vast amount melancholy among the people, where overly conservative Roman…

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

Case Study 1 Josephine is a 47-year-old single woman. The hardest times of the year for Josephine’s family are holidays and family gatherings; Josephine never seems to enjoy herself. She seldom smiles, laughs, or reacts to people and events around her. She remains detached and often goes into a room and plays video games or watches TV by herself, even when the rest of the family is eating. Her family members say that she is rude and do not want her around. Josephine lives by herself. She has held several jobs, but lost them because of her inability to interact with others. Her cool demeanor makes her difficult to approach. Josephine has no significant relationship in her personal life and…

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is well known as a psychiatric dysfunction that results to intentionally create difficulty towards others, and aggressiveness of an individual from his early years. Disorders may vary depending on its origin and. According to Cosmides & Tooby (1999), if it is only physical, the probability of its effect will only direct the individual with such disease or illness. In contrast, behaviors often affect many people at once, creating the possibility of conflicting assessments of value by each affected person” (p. 457). When an individual has ODD “a pattern of negativistic, hostile, and defiant behavior” Chandler says, shows at least four of the following characteristics: • Often loses temper • often argues with adults • often actively…

Vulnerable Populations

Emotional and cognitive well-being are phrases used to describe mental health. Positive coping mechanisms and an assessment of suicide lethality are assessments providers consider when identifying a psychiatric patient. Those that suffer from mental health disorders are every- where, they are our neighbors, friends, family members, and our patients. When someone can no longer cope with stress is usually when some type of intervention is sought or furnished. This fractured mental state is very fragile and has great potential to deteriorate quickly and possibly violently. It is in this exposed state this population finds themselves, vulnerable. Population Demographics Mental health disorders can affect anyone at any given time in any age group or demographic. Disabilities can range from mild to…

Psychological Disorder Analysis

The world of abnormal psychology is filled with many different types of disorders, symptoms, and treatment options. Today, I will be working with Roger, a middle-aged accountant living in San Francisco, California who experienced a car wreck a few months ago. He has been experiencing shakiness, breathlessness, heat flashes, and nightmares. He has been trying to cope with the symptoms that he is experiencing through alcohol consumption and going jogging. Using the skills I have learned about abnormal psychology, I will be able to diagnose Roger and provide an explanation as to why he is suffering from the type of disorder that he is experiencing, as well as determine the most effective treatment options available. Based on the information provided…

Anti Social Personality Disorders

The majority of research conducted on Antisocial Personality Disorder originates from studies of childhood onset of antisocial characterized behavior, co morbidityof substance abuse and the antisocial person, and antisocial behavior as demonstrated by incarcerated persons. Most studies into Anti Social Personality Disorder (ASPD) concentrate only on demonstrated antisocial behavior in children. There is however, a growing interest in the direct causes of ASPD in general. The studies of the latter are, for the most part still in progress. The reliability of such research demands that it be longitudinal in nature, which also accounts for the lack of published research. The research published to date indicates a strong support of the theory that persons displaying antisocial personality behaviors share common environmental…

The People of the State of New York

Nature of the Case: Appeal upon a verdict convicting defendant of the crimes of assault on a police officer and criminal use of a firearm in the 2nd degree. Concise Rule of Law:Mental Hygiene Law § 9.41 which permits persons who appear to be mentally ill and acting in a manner that threatens safety of self or others to be taken into custody. The Penal Law § 120.08 imposes strict liability with respect to the serious injury aspect of a crime. Facts of the Case:In August 2008, McCray alerted Sunmount Developmental Disabilities Office (SDDO) and Franklin County Emergency Services he was armed and had intended on commit suicide. McCray was eventually found in a canoe to the Raquette River by…

Psychological Disorder Analysis

Marla is a 42-year-old Hispanic female who comes to the mental health clinic complaining of having trouble sleeping, feeling “jumpy all of the time,” and experiencing an inability to concentrate. These symptoms cause problems for her at work, where she is an accountant. As a psychiatrist I would need to diagnose Marla with the proper disorder, explain information about the diagnosis, and discuss possible treatments with her. It would be near impossible to make an accurate diagnosis without more information. First, I will clinically assess Marla by asking her a few questions without her realizing right away that I am trying to diagnose her from the second she enters my office. I will ease into the conversation to gain more…

Depression in Farmers and Farming Families

1. Introduction Whilst farming was once idealised as a healthy and wholesome way of life, it is now recognised as an industry associated with high rates of injury, illness(NOHSC, 1998), disability and death(Franklin RC et al., 2001; Kirkhorn and Schenker, 2002; Leigh JP. et al., 2001; McCurdy and Carroll, 2000; Von Essen and McCurdy SA, 1998). There is also some evidence that the farm environment is hazardous to mental health, with farmers experiencing high rates of stress (Booth and Lloyd, 1999; Deary et al., 1997; Simkin et al., 1998a) depression (Sanne et al., 2004)and high rates of suicide amongst male farmers compared with the general population. In Australia, male farmers commit suicide at rates significantly higher than the general…

Running head: Jim’s Abnormal Behavior

Laughing abruptly, talking to self, killing animals, forcing someone to have sex, and attempting to commit suicide are just a few characteristics that would be considered as abnormal behavior. We all might know someone or have crossed paths with someone who has displayed abnormal behavior, but what is abnormal behavior? Is a person considered abnormal because they behave differently from you, or is abnormal behavior defined by our socio-cultural background? To define, abnormal behavior is behavior that is socially unacceptable, distressing, atypical, maladaptive, and /or the distortion of one’s cognitive ability (Comer, 2005). According to Wayne Weiten, author of Psychology: Themes and Variations, 9E, Weiten maintains abnormal behavior as a mental disorder. Weiten further validated his decision by using the…

Medical Assisgnment for Diploma

1. Identify legislation that governs the use of medication in the social care settings. The Medicines Act 1968, the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (and later amendments), the Misuse of Drugs (Safe Custody) Regulations 1973 (and later amendments), the Health and Safety at Work Act (1974), COSHH, the Mental Capacity Act (2005) the Access to health records Act (1990), the Data Protection Act (1998) plus equality legislation. 2. Outline the legal classification system for medication. The classification of medicines are all related to the medicines act 1968, while working with medication it is good to have an understanding and working knowledge of the common types of medication by training that should be provided by you company that you work for….

Cultural Awareness in Counselling Practices

I have chosen to focus this assignment on the Aboriginal and Vietnamese cultures. I hope to be working in an area which will have these two cultures as the dominant groups. The reason I have focussed on Vietnamese refugees instead of the culture of Vietnam as a whole is that the facility I hope to work in has refugees as its main client group. I will give an overview of my research into how best to work in a counselling relationship with people from Aboriginal and Vietnamese cultures, ensuring that I am as culturally sensitive and aware as possible. Aboriginal culture and counselling: Most research indicates that cultural barriers are the major reason why Aboriginal people are discouraged or dissuaded…

Mood Disorders

As many as 19 million Americans million are affected by mood disorders ( The two main types of mood disorders are bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder which are described as disturbances in mood, behavior and emotion.“ Bipolar disorder is a complex disorder in which the core feature is pathological disturbance in mood ranging from extreme elation, or mania, to severe depression usually accompanied by disturbances in thinking and behavior, which may include psychotic symptoms, such as delusions and hallucinations” (Craddock, Jones 1999). Major depressive disorder or unipolar depression is characterized by a consistent low mood and lack of interest in things typically enjoyed .A second classification of major depressive disorder, is dysthymic disorder which is a chronic but less…

The Latent Traint Theory and Violent Crime

Developmental theories, such as the Latent Trait Theory explain criminal behavior through life-course fundamentals. Violent crimes, such as murder and battery are accordingly the result of behavior that has been shaped starting in one’s childhood. This paper explains violent behavior and it’s causes through the Latent Trait theory and gives insight into the theory’s origin, as well as highlights how criminal behavior can be rehabilitated. The Latent Trait Theory and Violent Crime The Latent Trait Theory is a developmental theory, which explains violent crime from a developmental perspective. This paper gives insight into the Latent Trait Theory, which states certain personality types and traits are the cause of criminal behavior. Personality traits, which lead to violent crime are inherited and…

Clinical Assessment

Mr. and Mrs. Lawson brought their 4-year-old adopted daughter, Clara, to see Dr. Mason, a psychiatrist. Clara was polite in greeting Dr. Mason, but did not smile and kept her gaze down as she took a seat. Mr. and Mrs. Lawson sat next to Clara and began explaining their concerns. They described Clara as a quiet child who has recently begun throwing temper tantrums, during which she is inconsolable. Her sleep and eating patterns have changed, and she no longer wants to go to preschool. Create a response to each of the following questions: What other information would you like to learn during the interview with the family? What questions would you ask? In addition to the clinical interview, what…

Mental Imagery Vividness

Abstract This review examined the hypothesis that mental imagery vividness can be used as a predictor of hallucinatory experience. Earlier studies provided supporting evidences to this hypothesis, showing hallucinating population has higher mental imagery vividness comparing to nonhallucianting population. However, as a result of varied operationalization and measurements of mental imagery, contradicting results abound, showing no significant difference of mental imagery vividness between halluciantors and nonhallucinators. No clear evidences can be used to determine whether the hypothesis is valid or not so far. On the other hand, development of neurological studies provided a new perspective for looking into the relationship between mental imagery and the experience of hallucination. Keywords: mental imagery vividness, hallucination, schizophrenia Mental Imagery Vividness as a Predictor…

The Psychological Causes of Homicide

On December 14, 2012, Adam Lanza, who was only 20, shot his mother then shot twenty children and six adult staff members in a mass killing at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut. This mass murder is on record in American history for the as being the second most deadliest mass shooting by a single person , and the second deadliest mass murder in a elementary school. Although this incident is the most fatal public school shooting in the United States. So, what causes people to kill? Due to irrational emotions and psychological imbalances in the Anterior Rostral Prefrontal Cortex of the brain which is important for processing emotions, fear and social and motor skills, people commit violent crimes…