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Mechanism of Echolocation in Bats

Several animals and birds like owls and bats use echolocation to detect their prey and hunt them. However, these animals and birds use different strategies to detect the location of their prey. Owls use the mechanism of passive listening to find the location of their prey where as the bats use active biosonar system for echolocation. This paper will explain the mechanism of echolocation that is used by bats to locate their prey. Biosonar System in Echolocation Bats Over 900 species of bats exist and majority of them use active biosonar system to detect their prey through echolocation (Braun, 2001). A high frequency sound is emitted by these bats through their vocal apparatus. These pulses and sounds emitted by the…