MBTI assessment is self-reporting individual assessment designed to assist people understand themselves. The methods assists people appreciate their natural preferences, potential areas of growth and their motivation. It helps in understanding how individuals especially those who differ from others (Whiston 2008). The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator was invented by Isabel Briggs and Katherine Briggs (MBTI) as an instrument based on Jungian theory. Jungian theory put forward that differences in behavior are related to basic difference in the way people prefer to perceive and make conclusions regarding what they have perceived.
Jung suggested that individuals have differing attitudes in the way they use their perceptions and conclusions. Different forma of MBTI records are designed to help individuals understand their preferences measured using four dimensions. The first dimension on the MBTI shows the preference in behavior with regard to extroversion-introversion. Both introversion and extroversion are associated with complementary behavior. Extroverted attitude (E) portrays an individual’s attention as being drawn out to people and objects within an environment.
An introverted attitude (I) is the preference of drawing energy from the environment and consolidating it in an individuals own position (Whiston 2008). Preference with regard to perception is the second dimension labeled with sensing –intuition dimension. A high sensing score of sensing (S) shows a preference for perceiving five senses. People use the sense to perceive what is in existence and they develop skills in observing situations, perceiving details and remembering specifics. The thinking (T) function relates to processing perceptions using cognitive and logical capabilities.
A higher T score shows a preference towards making logical and impersonal judgments. A score of (F) towards feeling shows that a person mostly uses personal values in making judgments. Individuals having higher F scores are more adjusted to others values including their own when making judgments. MBTI assessment focuses on how people distinguish information and how they make judgments regarding information. This dimension reflects the judging-perceiving inclination in dealing with the external world.
Individuals who prefer judging (J) like arriving at a conclusion using either thoughts or feeling much faster than those who favor perceiving (P). Individuals, who favor perceiving like putting off judgments and spend more time perceiving. Comparison of psychoanalytical method with MBTI personality inventory method The comprehensive theory of MBTI offers the context understanding of people’s complexity. In addition clients appreciate the types as real and the topology as a useful way in understanding themselves and other people.
The non-normative basis of preferences, facets and types recognizes and affirms customer individual variations as normal. Questions regarding simple surface attitudes adequately identify complex constructs which interact in the said theory. On the contrary, adequate understanding of the theory is required in order to understand and administer. Clients and professionals regard trait qualities to individual preferences resulting to inappropriate interpretations of type. The problem becomes worse for step 2 dimensions whose aspects are narrower encouraging assumption of traits.
From a normative point of view positive type descriptions might come up easily over real psychological problems. In addition simplification of questions promotes the ideology that the typology might be simple and static instead of being complex and dynamic (Borkowski 2008). References Whiston, S. C. (2008). Principles and Applications of Assessment in Counseling. New Jersey: Cengage Learning. Borkowski, N. (2008). Organizational Behavior, Theory, and Design in Health Care. New York: Jones & Bartlett Learning.