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Maya civilization Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Mayan Astronomy

Who were the Mayans? The Mayans were part of the Mesoamerican civilization and they lived around 2,000 BCE and lasted through to the time when the Spanish explorers arrived. From 250 CE – 900 CE was when they reached the peak of their development. They are well known for a fully developed written language, numerical system, mathematics, art, architecture and astronomy. Where did the Maya civilization thrive? They inhabited parts of Central America such as Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador and also in areas of Mexico. What were the Mayans views on astronomy? When they viewed and studied the heavens the Mayans mainly focused on Venus and the Sun. They had a calendar, which predicted both solstices and equinoxes and is…

The Aztec and Maya

The Aztec and Maya were Mesoamerican civilizations living in Mexico/Central America while the Incas lived in South America. The religious beliefs and practices of the Mayans and Aztecs were similar, but the Incas worshiped the sun. The Mayans are credited for the Mayan calendar and the Aztecs also have a calendar, while the Incas are famed for their masonry and engineering skills. All three were great civilizations. The Mayan civilization is located in the Mexican and Central American rain forest which is represented by Chichen Itza. Its group of city-states are ruled by a king. Its economy is based on agriculture and trade. Their religion is polytheistic. While the Aztec civilization is located in an arid valley in central Mexico….

The Fall of the Mayan Civilization

The Mayan people were comprised of many small kingdoms and never unified into one entity (Sayre, 2011). They occupied many regions and spread rapidly in Mexico, Guatemala and Belize (James & Thorpe, 1999). Their civilization declined around the year 850 (Sayre, 2011). There is some speculation as to why they disappeared so abruptly. The researcher’s theories are (a) lack of food due to the overpopulation of their culture, (b) climate change and the ecosystem and (c) warfare. In 1999, Peter James, writer and Dr. Nick Thorpe, archaeologist subtitle one of their theories as “Too Many Mouths, Too Little Food” (p. 0) They discuss that through droughts, plant diseases and pests, low quality soil, and a population that became difficult to…

Mayan Art Architecture

Art for the Mayans was a reflection of their lifestyle and culture. For the Mayans art took several forms including: painting paper, plaster, carvings in wood and store, clay, stucco models, and terra cotta figurines from molds. Metal was very scarce and so it wasn’t commonly used. Mayan Art during the period, 200 to 900 has been considered the most sophisticated and beautiful of the New World. There is few remaining Mayan Art, which includes funerary pottery, ceramics, a building in Bonampak (which is around Chiapas, Mexico), has several murals. What is interesting is that Mayan art gave almost free reign to the artist. The artist was not required to produce a work that fit any particular rules. The art…

What Happened to Mayan Civilization

No one can say for sure why Mayan Civilization disappeared, it was truly remarkable. Around A.D. 900 Mayan civilization disintegrated and, many historians have questioned “how” or “why,” but have not been a definite answer to this question. One possible theory is that the Mayan’s civilization grew to such an extent that they deforested so much of the area that it had significant climate changes, which force the Mayan people to immigrate to other regions (Server, 2004); this is part of the scientific background. The Warfare theory would be the next plausible due to the scientist found some of Mayan pottery and other artwork. It was just recently when scientist started to decide what words that were being written and…