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Manila Zoo Background Essay

The Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden or Manila Zoo emerged from the ashes of World War II, a proud monument of man’s innate love of nature and its multitude of creatures.

This showcase of then Mayor Arsenio H. Lacson’s vision was born on May 18, 1959 by virtue of City Ordinance No. 4135 and inaugurated on July 25, 1959. Mayor Antonio Z. Villegas’ Executive Order No. 10, dated February 1, 1967, integrated into one office the Division of Recreational Services of the Social Welfare Bureau and the Division of Parks and Playgrounds of the Department of Engineering and Public Works with the Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden.

The new office was known as the Manila Zoo and Public Recreations Bureau. On June 15, 1969 the Congress of the Philippines enacted R.A. 5264 creating what now is known as the Public Recreations Bureau (PRB). The Manila Zoo is a 5.5-hectare (14-acre) zoo located in Manila, Philippines that opened it’s doors to the public on July 25, 1959. It receives millions of visitors every year, and is especially popular with visitors on weekends. It serves as one of the educational centers in the country where the viewing public can observe, discover and learn interesting facts about the beauty of Philippine fauna and flora.

There are 106 species of animals, among which are 30 different kinds of mammals, 63 reptile species and 13 types of birds. In addition to popular zoo occupants such as elephant, tigers, lions and the hippos, Manila Zoo also houses several endemic and indigenous species of animals like the bearcat, long-tailed macaques and crocodiles. There is also a Kinder Zoo inside the Manila Zoo where anyone can roam around freely and interact with the animals inside. Children can play with tamed animals at the same time learn about them and their environment.

The Kinder Zoo features different attractions and animals from all over the world like Butterfly Dome, Exotic Birds Aviary, Koi Pond, Philippine Mouse Deer House, Petting Zoo, Turtle Pond, Party Barn, Playground, Hanging Bridge and Flamingo Pond. Animals inside include exotic birds, pot belly pigs, miniature animals, Cayman crocodiles, peacocks and peahen ducks, chickens from around the world, rabbits, snakes, ostriches, and Sulcata tortoises. At the center of the zoo is a small lagoon or pond where visitors can experience boat riding.

There is a small island at the center of the lagoon. Boat riders paddle their way around this island. There are also many restaurants, canteens and souvenir shops inside the zoo. The zoo also has several playgrounds for the children and tables and benches where families may have picnics. With a good mix of education and entertainment purposes, the Manila Zoo does its best to appeal to everyone.

ANIMALS
The Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden is home to more than 800 animals from nearly 100 species as of 2007. The zoo’s most popular resident is Mali, an Asian elephant who arrived at the zoo as an orphaned calf donated from Sri Lanka.

List of Animals:

Multicolored Stork
Blue-crowned Heron
Purple Heron
Rufous Night Heron
Indian Blue Peafowl
Leucistic Indian Peafowl
Bengal tiger
Philippine Monkey
Silver Fox
Palawan Bearcat
Stump-tailed Macaque
Philippine Crocodile
Estuarine Crocodile
Domestic Horse
Wild Boar
Miniature Brahman
Green Iguana
Sailfin Lizard
Elongated Tortoise
Philippine Cobra
Burmese Python
Reticulated Python
Tarictic Hornbill
Rufous Hornbill
Catalina Macaw
Hybrid Macaw
Umbrella Cockatoo
Moluccan Cockatoo
Sulfur-crested Cockatoo
Rufous-bellied Eagle
Eastern Grass-owl
Large-billed Crow
Philippine Eagle-owl
Philippine Scops-owl
Banded Rail
Bittern
Blue-naped Parrot
Brown Booby
Crested Myna
Egret
Gallinule
Mallard
Palawan Peacock-pheasant
Pond Heron
Purple Swamphen
Spotted Dove
Ring-necked Parakeet
Turtle Dove
Water Hen
White Ibis
Nicobar Pigeon
Fruit Bat
Luzon Bleeding-heart
Hanging parrot
Malayan Civet
Palawan Bearcat
Monitor lizard
Soft-shelled Turtle
Goose
Rhea
Cassowary
Ostrich
Hippopotamus
Zebra
Llama
Coati
Japanese Macaque
Cloud Rat
Orangutan
Goat
Guinea Pig
Rabbit

BOTANICAL GARDEN
The Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden is home to many plant collections, from the botanically rich and diverse Philippine Islands and South Pacific region. An estimated 500 species of plants including impressive mature shade trees thrive within the enclave. Aside from being a botanical garden, it is also considered as an arboretum.


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