Mohandas Karmanchad Gandhi, who is also known as Mahatma Gandhi ,was the pre-eminent leader of Indian nationalism. Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar, a coastal town in Bombay. Gandhi was raised in a Hindu bania community in coastal Gujarat. During his life time he practised to be a good Hindu by obeying all the laws and helping others. As well his devotion, his goal was to help the poor and protest oppressive taxation and discrimination.
Through his efforts he led India to independence and inspired a movement for non -violence, civil rights and tried to make freedom across the world. As his goal was to help the poor and fight for them, Gandhi travelled to London and studied Indian law and jurisprudence at the University of London in 1888. While he was studying the law his mother died and his family kept the news away from him.
He attempted to practise law in Bombay but he failed. Gandhi then went to South Africa and spent 20 years there. Meantime, he developed his political views, ethics and political leadership skills. In South Africa Gandhi considered everyone with equal rights but he faced lots of discrimination over there, however ,he protested and found justice. After experiencing discrimination and witnessing racism, prejudice and injustice against Indians in South Africa, there was a turning point to Gandhi’s life and shaped his social activism and awakened him to social injustice.
After compaigning and protesting for Indians, he made his goal in South Africa. After serving 20 years in South Africa Gandhi returned to India permanently. He brought an international reputation as a leading Indian nationalist, theorist and organizer. Later on Gandhi joined the Indian National Congress and started to look close into Indian issues and politics.
During the 1920s people started to portray Gandhi as a messiah (a long awaited saviour of an entire people). Gandhi succeeded in corporating radical forces within the peasantry into the non violent resistance movement. When people started to believe Gandhi as their saviour, he became known as the folk hero and also the congress was started to be seen in the villages, as his sacred instrument. Mahatma Gandhi led lots of movements for Indian independence.Salt March, which is also known as the salt satyagraha, was one of the most important movements he led.
Salt March was a direct action campaign of tax resistance and non -violent protest against the British salt monopoly in Colonial India. This was the most significant organized challenge to British authority, as Gandhi and his followers marched 240 miles to produce salt without paying the tax. They marched from Sabarmati Ashram near Ahmadabad to the sea coast near the village of Dandi. The campaign had a significant effect on changing world and British attitudes toward Indian independence.
Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on 30 January 1948 by Nathuram Godse. He was shot at the point of blank range in New Delhi. There were 5 unsuccessful attempts to kill Gandhi, the first attempt was on 25 June 1934 in Pune. Gandhi’s death was mourned nationwide. Over 2 million people participated in the 5 mile long funeral procession. According to the Hindu tradition the ashes were to be spread on a river. But Gandhi’s ashes were poured into Urns, which were sent In India Mahatma Gandhi is known as the Father of Nation, his birthday 2 October is a national holiday and it is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti and world wide as the international day of non- violence.
The celebration of Gandhi Jayanti celebrates by singing prayers, offering flowers, lighting candles. Gandhi’s image appears on paper currency of all denominations issued by Reserve Bank of India. To honour the memory if Mahatma Gandhi there are two temples dedicated to him. As well Gandhi’s date of death 30 January is commemorated as a Martyrs’ Day in India. Mahatma Gandhi’s life and principles has inspired people of all ages and his life achievements stands unique in history across India for memorable service. Also some of Gandhi’s ashes were scattered at the source of the Nile River near Jinja, Uganda.