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Marbury v. Madison case brief

Congress enacted the Organic Act which authorized John Adams to appoint forty-two justices of the peace for the District of Colombia. In the confusion of the Adams administration’s last days in office, Marshall (then Secretary of State), failed to deliver some of these commissions. When the new administration came into office, James Madison, the new Secretary of State, acting under orders from Jefferson, refused to deliver at least five of the commissions. William Marbury and three others were denied their commissions and therefore went directly to the Supreme Court and asked it to issue a writ of mandamus. Marbury thought he could take his case directly to the court because section 13 of the 1789 Judiciary Act gave the Court…