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Logic Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Discuss the Roles of Language and Reason in History

History as the area of knowledge is virtually indivisible from language and reasoning. Language is one of the most potent means of interpreting and reporting historical information that is derived from the sources pertinent to the events and occurrences. The sources themselves, in their turn, are frequently presented by the written documents, recorded anecdotal experiences, and works of art, archeology, anthropology and photography which, yet again, are interpreted through the language in conjunction with the context of a historical event. It appears to be an endless loop, where language is the alpha and omega, the main vehicle of conveying history. However, to arrive to the valid interpretation of a certain historical event or development, historians frequently use reasoning to connect…

Way of Knowing

Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) once said that “The heart has its reasons of which reason knows nothing”, meaning that emotion is irrational and unreasonable. Emotional expression provides powerful communication between people, especially in the early childhood stage of our lives, before language even develops. A baby’s glowing smile invites love and care in its surrounding; the pounding cry of an infant can send one running instantly to attend to its needs. After this, voice, posture and facial expressions and gestures occur, developing our ability to control our emotions, which does not always happen. Emotion affects our thought-process, and in the heat of the moment, emotion often makes us do and/or say things that we don’t necessarily mean, and makes us more…

First Day at College

My first day at college is a memorable day in my life. I had been earnestly waiting for that day for a long time, because I heard many things about college education from my elder brother and neighbors who were college students. I started feeling that they had the advantage of moving about with an air of superiority. At last the long-sought day came and it was the 20th of July, 2002. A new pulsation began to urge me since morning to start for the place where the college stands. So, it was quite early when I reached the college. I was loitering hither and thither until I met a friend. He advised me to take down the routine which…

Getting Started on Your Essay

1 Write a thesis statement. Your thesis should state the main point you are arguing in your essay and the main supporting arguments in the order you are going to make them. It should be from one to three sentences long. 2 Write your body paragraphs. Each body paragraph should discuss one argument you made in your thesis statement in detail. You should provide evidence such as quotations from the text or the opinions of scholars and experts. You may also want to address common counter-arguments and explain why they are incorrect. 3 Write transitions between your body paragraphs. A transition between two paragraphs takes place either in the last sentence of the first paragraph or the first sentence of…

Similar Triangles Project

Introduction: In this project, I found the height of an object I chose based on how tall one of my partners is, how far away she is from the mirror, and how far the mirror was from the base of one of the objects. From there I set up a proportion and solved for X. X represented the unknown height of the chosen object. Once I figured this out I then converted to feet and compared that to my partners height to see if it was a reasonable or realistic height. Two-Column Proof: |Statements |Reasons | |The triangles are right triangles |Given—Mr. Visser told us that we can assume this | |Triangles are similar |If there exists a correspondence between…

A Midsummer Night’s Dream Paper

The play A Midsummer Night’s Dream by William Shakespeare is a comedy that follows a short part in four young lover’s lives, Hermia who is in love with Lysander, and Helena who is in love with Demetrius. The plot thickens when Hermia is forced by her father, Egeus, to a loveless marriage with Demetrius. If Hermia chooses not to marry Demetrius, she would be killed, or forced to become a nun. Not being able to wed the women he is in love with Lysander asks Hermia to run off and elope. Helena, who was once engaged to Demetrius, was then left in the cold when Demetrius decided to marry Hermia instead. Attempting to win back Demetrius’ love, Helena tells him…

Critique on Article “The Ends of Happiness”

Dr Karl Giberson is a professor at Eastern Nazarene College with a PHD in Physics from Rice University. A man approaching his fifties at the writing of this article, Giberson’s solution to his mid-life crisis was to write an article “The Ends of Happiness”. His article was well written and he tries to impart his experiences with happiness to young adults. In the article, Giberson claims that happiness should be the end result of our efforts and he provides a compelling argument why we should not get caught up in our pursuit of happiness through materialistic gains. However, his arguments to back his thesis are inadequate due to an inherent contradiction in his supporting point and one unproven assumption in…

Philippine Land Law Expert Chatbot

The researchers tend to work on an expert system with integration of Philippine land laws. They chose to focus on land laws since one of the major problems of the Filipinos who seek law experts’ advice are due to land. The researchers deliberates the possible ways on how can they share knowledge and guidance that works like a real lawyer advising a client but have not taking an account to replace to seek a real land law experts guidance. Also, putting an expertise into a machine happens in many ways. So, the researchers find a way on constructing an expert system on Philippine land law using different techniques. In giving solution to the stated problem of the researchers, this study…

Notes on the Ethical Theories

Immanuel Kant (notice that he lived in the 1700’s and people likely had different views back then), a philosopher, believes that using reason, one can make a list of ethical actions. Kant says that one must generalize the certain action he is about to do to see if it is reasonable. For example, you ask yourself “should I cut the line in the cafeteria?” The way you can answer this question is by asking yourself “What if everyone cut the line?” Of course, if that happened then there would be chaos, so you shouldn’t cut the line. This also applies to stealing, murdering, and keeping promises. He basically says that everyone is equal and you shouldn’t justify your actions to…

Hallmarks of Scientific Research

Successful managerial decisions are seldom made on hunches or on trail and error method. The sound and effective decisions are always made on the basis of scientific research. Scientific research focuses on solving problems in a step _by _step logical, organized and rigorous manner in each step of research viz., identifying problem, gathering data, analyzing it and in arriving at a valid conclusion. Organizations may not always be involved in the scientific research due to various reasons like – simple problems which can solved with previous experience, time contingency, lack of knowledge, resource constraints etc., However the scientific research performed in a rigorous and systematic way leads to repeatable and comparable research findings. It also enables the researchers to arrive…

Performance Enhancing Drugs Should Be Legalized

The illegal use of anabolic steroids by professional athletes is often a hot button topic in the news. Steroids were banned due to the negative side effects associated with its use. Despite the ban, many athletes are suspected of illicit steroid use to enhance their performance. There is great cost associated with random testing to determine if such athletes use steroids. Anne Whitaker and Rosalyn Carson-Dewitt, in the article, “Point: Performance Enhancing Drugs Should Be Legalized”, make a somewhat effective argument as to why it should be legalized. This article provides an argument for the legalization of anabolic steroid use by athletes. The authors parallel the use of cosmetic surgery and unhealthy diet regimens by models and actresses and the…

My Tok Moment

My TOK moment was tonight 02/02/12 when the year one students had a batch meeting at the mosque having some games to create a stronger bond between us. As usual this kind of thing made my instinct to escape getting bigger and stronger. So, I decide to sneak out from the program pretending that I had to make some important call. So I ask the permission of our class rep to go out for a while with my best friend. Then we straight forward go to the dewan selera to have an early supper and fortunately the menu for that night is laksa penang. At that time was about 10.45 pm and of course there was no one else except…

“A Word About Words” Havel Evaluation

Havel’s essay entitled “”A Word About Words,”” Havel came to the conclusion. We have an ethical duty to always be suspicious of words. The three arguments Havel makes to support this claim are that we’ve always believed in the power of words to change history, and all events in the real world always have their prologue in the realm of words. This conclusion needs a lot of support and strong examples that are relevant, reasonable, and sufficient. Havel’s first argument is that we’ve always believed in the power of words to change history. He supports this argument with two pieces of work that have had an effect in history. The first is an essay called “Two Thousand Words” which was…

Monster by Walter Dean Myers

How would you like to be on trial for something you didn’t do? In Monster, by Walter Dean Myers, Steve Harmon is on trial for felony murder. I believe that Steve Harmon is innocent because he didn’t know Bobo Evans, the store wasn’t clear, and there was no signal. The first reason why Steve Harmon is innocent because Steve did not know Bobo Evans. For example, in the novel Monster, by Walter Dean Myers, writes, “Did you talk to Steve Harmon… No… But you had not spoken to Mr. Harmon prior to the stickup… Naw” (195,197). This shows that Steve and Bobo never seen each other. This also shows that Steve and Bobo never heard of each other. Clearly, Steve…

Department management- Case Analysis

1. Receiving a Holiday Gift 1. For the first case, it is clearly stated that a supplier sends a basket of expensive food stuffs to our home during Christmas. By applying principle of love we would be kind enough to appreciate the basket of expensive foodstuffs given to us. We would thank the supplier for that beautiful card and gift given to us for Christmas. After appreciating the token we would ask him the reason and motive behind such an expensive foodstuff delivery. And based on the suppliers answers we would take the next step. 2. Sales Expense The second case is stating that a purchasing manager would give us their first order, expecting that we will agree to make…

Self Introduction

My name is Zhao Yan. I am studying at Nanjing Foreign Language School and now busy preparing for college study. Many years of hard working and strict training have made me a qualified middle school student with high qualities. I have a good relationship with my classmates and teachers as I am generally sociable in personality. I am thoughtful and helpful in school. As for my study, I pay special attention to the development of my thinking manners so that I become quick in thinking and broad in knowledge. Seeking reality and progress, I have achieved excellence in my study. I particularly love such subjects as math, physics, biology and English. I am strong in logical thinking and oral expressing….

Waste Management and Milestone Submission

Overview The final project for this course is the creation of a Case Analysis. In 2006, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) brought charges against Waste Management and some of its executives. You must research these charges and answer the questions below. Review the SEC Release 1532 here. In a well-structured analysis, you will answer a set of questions regarding the case against Waste Management. Begin your research in Module Eight. Use any additional resources presented and the Waste Management financial statements and reports as needed. The Analytical Procedures Worksheet and the ICF-CX16 Vulnerability Worksheet are located in the Assignment Guidelines and Rubrics section of the course. The project is divided in to three milestones, which will be submitted at…

Sample Paper for Propositional Arguments

In this paper, I will analyze the following argument in terms of validity and soundness: An argument is a syllogism only if it is valid. An argument has a true conclusion, if it is valid. If an argument has consistent premises, then it has a true conclusion. Thus, if an argument is a syllogism, then it has a true conclusion. As we shall soon learn, this argument is valid but unsound. I begin my analysis by providing a dictionary and putting the argument in standard logical form. Here is my dictionary. Let ‘S’ stand for ‘an argument is a syllogism’ Let ‘V’ stand for ‘an argument is valid’ Let ‘C’ stand for ‘an argument has a true conclusion’ Let ‘P’…

Critique Instructions

For this paper you will be writing a critique of one of the argument articles you worked with for your summary (in Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum), or you may choose an argumentative article of your own, but if you choose an article that is not from one of our books, please provide a copy of your article with your finished critique. The article you choose will need to be complex enough for you to be able to discuss it for several pages because the critique of the article should be 750-1250 words and should have a title that is not just the title of the text you are evaluating or simply the word “critique.” The paper should be…

Logic and knowledge assignment

1. The poles of knowledge are related to experience in that experience serves to bring out a connection of a particular meaning of an issue that has occurred in the past. The individual will therefore refer to the past so that he can bring out the truth of the matter. 2. The objects of knowledge are constituted in a manner in which they are integral because all these senses are in a position to distinguish various elements as either right or wrong e. g. the eye can determine whether what it has seen is right or wrong while the ear can select what to hear. 3. Intellect begins to function when the mind presents the reality in a distinct and…

Argue Analysis Worksheet

• A statement is any unambiguous declarative sentence about a fact (or non-fact) about the world. It says that something is (or isn’t) the case. • An argument is a series of statements meant to establish a claim. • A claim or conclusion is the statement whose truth an argument is meant to establish. • A statement’s truth value is either true or false. o All statements have a truth value. A statement is false when what it says about the world is not actually the case. A statement is true when what it says about the world is actually the case. • A premise is a statement that is used in an argument to establish a conclusion. What we…

Theories of Truth

First published Tue Sep 3, 1996; substantive revision Tue Sep 9, 2008 A coherence theory of truth states that the truth of any (true) proposition consists in its coherence with some specified set of propositions. The coherence theory differs from its principal competitor, the correspondence theory of truth, in two essential respects. The competing theories give conflicting accounts of the relation between propositions and their truth conditions. (In this article, ‘proposition’ is not used in any technical sense. It simply refers to the bearers of truth values, whatever they may be.) According to one, the relation is coherence, according to the other, it is correspondence. The two theories also give conflicting accounts of truth conditions. According to the coherence theory,…

Evaluating Truth and Validity

Truth and validity are two different concepts which should not be confused, although they are usually taken as synonyms in common language. In logic, it is said that the argument is valid when the conclusion follows deductively from the premises. While of the premises and the conclusion is that they are true or false, the arguments are said to be valid or invalid. The validity or invalidity of the argument does not depend on its conclusion to be true. According to Moss (2007) “Understanding Truth aims to illuminate the notion of truth, and the role it plays in our ordinary thought, as well as in our logical, philosophical, and scientific theories. The argument is valid, when you have consistency and…

Drawing inferences from The Pearl

1. Juana does not consult Kino about getting the doctor when the baby is stung. Yet Juana is a dutiful, submissive woman to Kino in all things: why not in this situation? “The doctor would not come, Kino said to Juana. She looked up at him, her eyes as cold as the eyes of a lioness. This was Juana’s first baby—this was nearly everything there was in Juana’s world. And Kino saw her determination and the music of the family sounded in his head with a steely tone. Then we will go to him, Juana said” (Pg. 7) * Cold eyes of a lioness represent the desperation, and determination she has to save her first-born son. * Juana’s world—is symbolic…

Logic Cannot Prove the Existence of God

For Anselm, using logic that can be deducted about God, it is clear to see that God’s existence is necessary. In the second ontological argument from Anselm, God is the greatest being possible; it is greater to exist by necessity than by contingence, it is therefore, impossible for God to not exist. In this argument, God’s existence is an analytic statement, it is impossible to prove that God exists and although Anselm believes that it does not need to be proven, there is no way of knowing that it is analytic. For example take triangles, every triangle that anyone can ever think of will have 3 sides that all add up to 180 degrees, that is simply a part of…

Logically Social

The article is titled “Logically Social” on which it tackles the role played by Logic in man’s social being. As I study man’s social being, I have learned that it will involve language, the fundamental tool for communication. A good example is a relationship between speakers and listeners whereas the speakers must establish the truth of what they say and express and uses reasoning as a way of relating to listeners and the listeners play their part by understanding the message we receive and like the speakers they use reasoning as the means of analyzing the intended meaning of the speaker. Reasoning is one of the objects of study in Logic, which is a fundamental learning to me. I also…

Values and Society

Write an essay of about 2000-2500 words on one of the following topics. Try to explain clearly the views and arguments you discuss and your own view of the topic. You should also try to identify the greatest weaknesses of views and arguments you discuss, and whether you think they can be replied to. Be selective. In the space available you will not be able to discuss every aspect of the topic! Select and focus on just a few of the points or issues you think the most central or interesting. Work hard on expressing points clearly in your own words. Try always to make it clear to the reader which of the views discussed are merely mentioned for the…

Introduction of “They Say, I Say”

In the preface and introduction of the book: “They Say, I Say”, Graff and Birkenstein contend that well written argumentative writing should emphasize on hearing and responding rather than making claims. Based on the suggestions given by students, the revised 2nd edition of the book includes more chapters and features to give students a better understanding of academic writing. It is a general argument among the experienced instructors that good writing requires reaction with another’s arguments. The objective of the book is to help students to be involved in academic conversation with the academic field and society. Their ideas of writing this book first began when they found the importance of communication for students and the effectiveness of the templates….

Descartes Essay

None of the proposed philosophical theories is exact, not even a combination of two or more theories (Sayre, 2011). However, Descartes has unique way of metaphysical argument concerning existence of God. Descartes’ Discourse on the Method (Part IV) ends surprisingly with a claim of God’s existence, which can be deduced from the interrelationship between mind, soul and our existence. Descartes began the fourth section by discussing about himself. The reading up to the point where he gives credit to a supreme being, God, could only suggest that Descartes was discussing about his philosophical thought about his being as a man. However, the discourse twist came when he inferred, “something indeed having every perfection of which I could have any idea,…

Competencies and Career Interests

In today’s work environments, it’s important to be self-reliant and capable of certain skills needed to be successful. The assessment allowed me to see the areas of strength in my character. I am confident that I am able to set goals and create a vision of the ideal job environment for me. My aim is always to align my individual goals with organization goals. I accept that the future is always changing and requires a re-assessment of my career goals. My assessment explains my ability to adhere to values. I am aware of my value and personal strengths and abilities. Following instructions and coping with pressures were top on my list from the assessment. Pressure allows us to discover what…