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Lev Vygotsky Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Learning Theories

Lev Vygotsky, born in the U. S. S. R. in 1896, is responsible for the social development theory of learning. He proposed that social interaction profoundly influences cognitive development. Vygotsky’s key point is his belief that biological and cultural development do not occur in isolation. Vygotsky approached development differently from Piaget. Piaget believed that cognitive development consists of four main periods of cognitive growth: sensory motor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations. Piaget’s theory suggests that development has an endpoint in goal. Vygotsky, in contrast, believed that development is a process that should be analyzed, instead of a product to be obtained. Marcy P. Driscoll stated (as cited in Riddle, 1999) that “Vygotsky believes the development process that begins at…

Lev Vygotsky

In describing child development, Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky – a Russian psychologist – employed several concepts namely, mediation, zone of proximal development (ZPD), internalization, guided participation, cultural mediation, scaffolding, and apprenticeship (Berger, 2004). Like children, adults reflect such concepts when learning new or difficult ideas. To relate this idea to my own experiences, as I was learning how to drive, I fully replicated the aforementioned concepts because I initially found this undertaking difficult. To begin with, I was initially introduced to a tool called the Model Town Theory Board (MTTB) that acted as a mediator between me and the road. Vygotsky’s mediation concept was thus depicted when I used the MTTB to visualize real-life road situations. Afterwards, I went for a…