Children Act 1989
This act acknowledged that children have rights and that their needs are paramount.
Children Act 2004
This act was written as a result of the death of a child due to neglect. The act expressed that every child matters and identified outcomes for all children to be healthy, stay safe, enjoy and achieve, make a positive contribution and achieve economic wellbeing. Although every child matters there is no longer an official programme there are no plans to repeal the legislative framework behind the outcomes.
Childcare Act 2006.
This is important to home based child care and has presented a number of changes. These are: • The Early Year’s Foundation Stage • Ofsted registers • Children centres and extended schools. • Duty of local care authorities to ensure adequate childcare and information • Free early years 3 & 4 year old funding.
Equality act 2010
This brought together all earlier acts concerning equal opportunities. This guarantees that different groups of people are treated fairly .This includes men & women, people of different races, disabled people, people with different religions or no religions, people of different ages, Lesbian gay and bisexual & straight people and people who have changed their sex.
It also ensures that child minder’s anticipate the needs of the families in their care and make sensible adjustments to ensure disabled children and their families can access their service.
The Data Protection Act 1998 outlines the rules which protect the personal data of an individual and prevents information being passed on without their consent. In the case of children, their parents must give consent.
This specifies that certain accidents and injuries must be reported by law.
The main purpose of the regulations is to put together reports to the health and safety executive and to local authorities.
Home based child minders have a duty to report deaths, major illness, reportable diseases And dangerous incidents
All child minders have to be registered with Ofsted. Ofsted are the regulatory body for child care & education. They register and inspect all child care providers.
Home based childcare (includes)
• Child minders • Home based carers • Nannies • Childcare on domestic premises.
Ofsted will carry out check on child minders and any person over the age of 16 years who live on the premises. They also carry out checks on child minder’s and their service, investigate following any complaint or concern and enforce action against child minders that do not meet the level of required standards of registration and action could be taken.
Child minders caring for children from birth to 31st August after their fifth birthday will be placed on the Early Years Register which means they will be inspected against the welfare requirements of the EYFS; they are inspected within the first seven months and have inspections every three years.
Child minders who care for children from 1st September following their fifth birthday up to the age of 8 will be placed on the compulsory part of the Ofsted childcare register. This means the child minders will be randomly chosen for inspection, Ofsted will inspect the child minder if they receive a complaint, they will be given little or no notice of these inspections and they will be inspected against the conditions for the childcare register.
The early year’s foundation stage EYFS sets the standards all early years providers must meet to guarantee that children learn and develop well and are kept healthy and safe. It encourages teaching and learning to ensure children’s school readiness. This gives children the broad range of knowledge and skills that provides the right foundation for a good future progress through their school life