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Language Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Rhetorical Analysis for Dennis Baron

Making English the official language legislated on August 1, 1996, with Congress. A college professor, of English at the University of Illinois, wrote an essay called, “Don’t Make English Official-Ban It Instead” by Dennis Baron. The essay had appeared in the Washington Post on September 8, 1996. The given claim that Baron makes is that English should be banned. There were six given reason Baron stated and one of the few were English is not pure English anymore, English would die out, and English ownership, who it would belong to. He continued to support his reasons and give examples. Many of his reasons consisted of his analogies, humor, and point of view. Dennis Baron’s satire is effective for the defending…

Sociolinguistics: Dialect Continuum and Language

1. Subject matter of sociolinguistics SL concentrates on the diversity of language in society according to various factors such as geographical distribution, age group, ethnic group, socioeconomic class, gender, etc. A broad definition of SL is “the study of language in relation to society”. SL is relatively young discipline, which became recognized as a separate branch of language study in the late1960’s and early 1970’s. The traditional view in linguistics is that language should be studied as an abstract theoretical system with its vocabulary and grammar, after which SL could be added for more comprehensive account of the practical application of the language system. According to this traditional view since speech is social behavior it should be studied more comprehensively…

Asserting Ethnic Identity and Power Through Language

Week-1 The linguistic ideology at work here is founded both on the concept of the ‘mother tongue’ as well as on the ‘one nation, one language’ principle. Communities on the western side of the border are not interested in learning the language of their eastern neighbors. Eastern communities, on the other hand, are strongly motivated to learn western languages. The importance attributed to English as the ‘language of globalization’ is common to both sides. We can actually say that ‘language’ is a very hot and recurrent issue for some communities: namely the German-speaking community in Bernstein (D), the Czech-speaking community in Vejprty (CS), the German-speaking and Slovenian-speaking communities in Eisenkappel/Z? elezna Kapla (A),etc. The term ‘mother tongue’ is often used…

The History of Vernacular Languages

One definition for vernacular language is “The everyday language spoken by a people as distinguished from the literary language” (Farlex Inc,, 2013). There are many forms of vernacular languages that vary from region to region within a particular country. A few examples include: Celtic Languages, such as, Irish Gaelic, Scots Gaelic (Erse), Manx Gaelic Germanic languages, such as, Bavarian German, Dutch, English (Old English, Anglo-Saxon), Frisian, High German, Low German, and Yiddish. During the rise of the Roman Empire Latin became the common language. Only the upper class and clergy were literate in Latin. During the High Middle Ages, the feudal aristocracy felt the need for literacy and education. This created a demand for literature that applied to the lives…

The Scope of Sociolinguistics

Definition: Sociolinguistics is the study of the relationship between language and society. Sociolinguistics is a derivational word. Two words that form it are sociology and linguistics. Sociology refers to a science of society (which is a grouping of individuals, which is characterized by common interests and may have distinctive culture and institutions), and linguistics refers to a science of language (which is a means of communicating information, and a crucial means of establishing and maintaining relationships with other people). Micro and macro distinction: 1. Micro sociolinguistics: (sociolinguistics) In social dimensions of language, the emphasis is on language. Micro sociolinguistics explores the way in which society influences the way people talk, ex: creation of a variety of dialects; how they communicate…

Thomas Paine

I believe that Thomas Paine was right. I also think that he knew that America was going to be known as a place for new people. America has insurmountable amounts of different people from all over the world. The American population consisted of a lot of different beliefs, ways of living, cultures, languages, and ways of worship, prayer, thoughts of government, and many more aspects. Immigration is one way the government has put in for a description of others around the globe for coming hereto America. Over half of America’s population is from immigration. That is what makes America, America. I really don’t have anything bad nor good to say about immigration, so right now I can care less about…

What is academic English?

You may be confident in using English in everyday situations, but the kind of English you need for study is rather different. It is what is known as ‘academic English’ and is the type of English you need for * reading and understanding your study materials * writing about your subject. Academic English is different from everyday spoken English. It may be used to * describe an object or situation * describe a process or how something works * explain something. Much of academic English is about expressing the relationship between ideas. Although the language may be more complex than in everyday English, good academic writers aim to be as clear, precise and simple as possible. They think about what…

Taboo Language

Over the past century language use has changed dramatically, what we see to be appropriate or not now is not the same as it once used to be. This is due to the meanings of words changing and being used to offend others. As well as this some words have become far more acceptable than they used to be because of changing times and uses. Words that never used to offend such as ‘Gay’ could now be seen to offend as once upon a time it meant happy and is now often used as insult implying somebody is homosexual. Although the offensiveness of some words has never changed, some language is seen as unacceptable by everyone everywhere. Morphological changes The…

English Language and British English

Language is a social-cultural-geographical phenomenon. There is a deep relationship between language, culture and society. When we study a language, we have to study its dialects, register, slang, taboo, idiolects, etc. We can find the role of language and culture in The Parent Trap movie. The movie tells us about the differences culture of 2 girls who live in London and California. They were separated when they are baby. It was because their parents divorce. One of the differences is on the way they speak and pronounce the words. There are some different vocabularies of American English and British English, but actually they have the same meaning. That’s way, if we learn a language, we have to learn the culture…

Importance of Learning Languages

Nowadays, multilingualism has become more than just ‘important’. Knowing a foreign language different from your mother tongue has evolved/become/turn_out to be extremely beneficial. Whether viewed from the financial or social aspect, being able to communicate in a foreign language helps to make ‘real’ connection with people and provides a better understanding of your language. Why should you learn a foreign language? 1. To begin with, the first advange is that Learning a foreign language open up employment opportunities. * For businesses, It is better achievable if they can understand the psychology and the language of their foreign clients. * Most companies therefore, look for candidates with foreign language skills. * If you are already working, knowing a foreign language may…

Support Children’s Speech, Language and Communication

The explanation of speech is “The expression of or the ability to express thoughts and feelings by articulate sounds” or “A person’s style of speaking” To speak is to physically be able to produce the individual sounds and sound patterns of our language, or articulate, to be able to produce speech with appropriate rhythm, and free of stuttering behaviour, and to produce speech with an appropriate vocal quality for age and sex. While speech involves the physical motor ability to talk, language is a symbolic, rule governed system used to convey a message. In English, the symbols can be words, either spoken or written. We also have gestural symbols, like shrugging our shoulders to indicate “I don’t know” or waving…

What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Studying in a Foreign Country

With the rapid development of society, people have entered an era of information spreading which makes the world seems smaller. In order to acquire more knowledge, more and more people decide to further their study abroad like students who are not using English as a native language may wish to continue their studies and decide to learn English outside their home country or English speakers decide to study in Japan where they can get maximum benefits from Japanese things. This essay will present both some benefits and drawbacks of studying in a foreign country. Even if people can choose to study foreign languages in their countries with a native speaker who is employed as a teacher but some students want…

Pidgins and Creoles

A.1 THE DEFINITION OF PIDGIN The etymology of pidgin is uncertain. The Oxford English Dictionary derives it from the English word business as pronounced in Chinese Pidgin English, which was of course used for transacting business. Other possible sources derived pidjom ‘exchange, trade, redemption; a Chinese pronunciation of the Portuguese word ocupação ‘business’; or a South Seas pronunciation of English beach as beachee, from the location where the language was often used (Mühlhäusler, in Holm, 2004). A pidgin is a language with no native speakers: it is no one’s first language but is a contact language. That is, it is the product of a multilingual situation in which those who wish to communicate must find or improvise a simple language…

Support Communication, Language and Literacy Skills

Task A 1.Explain each of the terms: •Speech •Language •Communication •Speech, language and communication needs Speech is a form of language that is spoken by using words. Speech refers to: Saying sounds accurately and in the right places in words The sounds people use to communicate words Speaking fluently, without hesitating, or prolonging or repeating words or sounds Speaking with expression with a clear voice, using pitch, volume and intonation to support meaning. Language is a way of communication between groups of people using the same dialect, a bonding of word, sounds, gestures used to communicate to each other that all understand. Language refers to speaking and understanding language: Understanding and making sense of what people say Using words to…

The Wire Spoken Language Plan

The features of spoken language often changes depending on a number of factors; one of which includes the location and of whom they are speaking with. In the popular TV series, The Wire, the audience is introduced to the first transcript set in a deprived area of Baltimore where many of the street jargon slang and social accent is prominent. In comparison, language that is used in a courtroom of the second transcript is far more formal than street language. In the first transcript the purpose of the detective whom is communicating with the witness is in charge because he starts the conversation off as he speaks first, and to show control he asks a question “So your boy’s name…

Lexicogrammar

Modality refers to the expression of speakers’ opinion or attitude towards the proposition that the sentence expresses or the situation that the proposition describes, or the speakers’ judgment of the likelihood of the proposition being true. While modal auxiliaries are “helping words”, functioning as helpers to make up verb phrases, they are prohibited from being used independently. The present study attempts to conduct a corpus-based study on three modal auxiliaries should, ought to and must with regard to their collocations, colligations, as well as semantic features in Chinese learners’ oral productions. This study reveals that Chinese learners overused should and must a great deal as compared against the native speaker data, while they used ought to much less frequently than…

Speak Well, Write Well and Read Well

It is in the self-interest of Singaporeans to speak Standard- English, especially in such an increasingly competitive marketplace. With other Asian countries rapidly acquiring proficiencies in English, Singapore could lose its competitive edge, particularly in the fast growing service industry if we cannot make ourselves understood amongst other users of English. Why are the standards of English Dropping? Peer pressure is one of the reasons why the standard of English is dropping. People generally want to be socially accepted and fit in. They want to have a sense of belonging. Users of Singlish think that speaking Standard English is snobbish and therefore will not accept those who speak Standard English. Mass Media may also affect us. It presents bad examples…

Language Arts Lesson

Allyssa Satin Capucilli’s Biscuit and the Nest (2008) which is part of the Biscuit Phonics Fun series will be used in this lesson to teach Language Arts to Grade 1 level students. This lesson aims to meet the Sunshine State Standards which are to make students: (1) identify the sounds of vowels in printed words; (2) apply letter-sound knowledge to decode phonetically regular words quickly and accurately in isolation and in context; (3) retell the main events and identify the characters and setting in a story; (4) edit for correct use of common spelling patterns and conventional spelling of high frequency words and for correct use of capital letters for the pronoun I and proper nouns; and (5) communicate effectively…

The Montessori Classroom

The Montessori Classroom uses the phonics approach to teach reading. Outline the graded phonics sequence and state the reading skills required at each stage. Language is the origin of human civilization. Humans’ capability to express and to communicate an idea by means of speech and words lead the human race to greater discoveries. Building a word by combining sounds and building a sentence which represents an idea by combining words, then integrating sounds into symbols and presenting in a written language was the revolutionary transformation amongst human beings. “…written word, the greatest triumph of civilization” Montessori M. – The Discovery of the Child: pg 239 The continuation of language plays a key role. The responsibility of this important process lies…

Jamaican Creole vs Standard English

As we can see, this is not the situation in Jamaican Creole. Case is always demonstrated by position. Any pronoun before the verb is the subject, and after the verb it is either the direct or indirect object. Other features to note are the lack of gender and absence of nominative and accusative case forms. Also lacking in Jamaican Creole are possessive pronouns like my, your, his, her, its, our, their. To demonstrate possession, Jamaican Creole either has the simple pronoun directly in front of a noun, (for example ‘my book’ would be ‘mi buk’), or adds the prefix fi-, (as in ‘fi-mi buk’ also meaning ‘my book’). Plural Marking Plural marking in Standard English is a hodgepodge of different…

Sujata Bhatt Biography

Sujata Bhatt (b. 1956) grew up in Pune but emigrated with her family to the United States in 1968. She studied in the States receiving an MFA from the University of Iowa and went on to be writer-in-residence at the University of Victoria, Canada. More recently she was visiting fellow at Dickinson College, Pennsylvania. She currently lives with her husband and daughter in Bremen, Germany. Her first collection, Brunizem, won the Commonwealth Poetry Prize (Asia) and the Alice Hunt Bartlett Award. Subsequent collections have been awarded a Poetry Book Society Recommendation and in 1991 she received a Cholmondeley Award. For Bhatt, language is synonymous with the tongue, the physical act of speaking. She has described Gujarati and the Indian childhood…

A Portrait of a Child as a Language User

‘A simple definition’ of language ‘might be that it is “a system of symbols and rules that enable us to communicate” and that ‘words, either written or spoken are symbols’ and ‘rules specify how words are ordered to form sentences’ (Harley, 2008, pg. 5). However this can be debated and as a result ‘many linguists think that providing a formal definition of language is a waste of time’ (Harley, 2008, pg5). ‘There is no human society that does not have a fully developed language; being human and being a language user go hand in hand’ I have chosen Bella, aged 6 to be my focus child. She is articulate, cheerful and a friendly. She is inquisitive and has a dynamic…

A Thai Learner in the Learning Context

1. Introduction The Cambridge Certificate in English Language Teaching to Adults (CELTA), offered by the University of Cambridge (ESOL Examinations), is run in over 120 centers around the world and it is considered by many authorities as the most important form of training in the TELF (Teaching English as a Foreign Language) industry. Between 30th of August and 24th of September 2004 I attended the Cambridge CELTA course at English and Computer College (ECC) from Bangkok. Cambridge ESOL is a not-for-profit department of the University of Cambridge. It is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group, Europe’s largest assessment agency. Cambridge Assessment was established in 1858 as the University of Cambridge local Examinations Syndicate (UCLESS). Cambridge ESOL provides exams and tests…

Thw Importance of English

Language is the ability of human to communicate. Estimated number of languages in the world variesbetween 6,000 to 7,000. One of the most important languages is English language. Why do we think English language is the most important? English plays a major role in many areas including medicine, engineering and education, which in my opinion; is the most importantlanguage to learn. First of all, the reason why English language is important is to help students find better jobs. In the business sector, the most commonly used language is the English language. In order to achieve success in the selected jobs, one should acquire a sound knowledge in the language. As the result, fresh graduates have to know the language well…

IELTS Syllabus Design

1. Introduction The attached English for academic purpose (EAP) syllabus is designed for an IELTS preparation course, which particularly focuses on the listening test. The reasons behind this choice are that IELTS preparation course is very popular in China, and to be a specialist on teaching IELTS listening aligns with the author’s career plan. All learners are male and female Chinese student aged between 18 and 25, who seek tertiary education in English-speaking countries. Additionally, all of them are in the intermediate level, and they wish to get a good grade in the listening test. This will be a five-week teaching, and three hours per week with a different unit. Additionally, it will be used in a hypothetical class in…

The Role of Language

Language is innovative. It develops every time. All of us use it in different ways. Language has roles for our primary necessity. The roles can be seen in two areas, in social environment and education. First, we can use language in social environment. The language is used for communication. We use language as a device to get a good communication. Language make us easy to communicate each other. For example, when we want to give some ideas, we can use language to show it. The other role in social area is that we can use language as a link to show our personality. Other people will know our personality when we are talking to them. According someone’s blog named ‘abroad…

Morphology Is a Valid Strategy for High School Students

Theoretical Explanation Many researchers have proposed that teaching students word roots unlocks the meanings of unknown words. The majority of words in the English language have origins from Greek and Latin. Ninety percent of English words over one syllable are Latin based, and the remaining 10 percent are Greek based (Rasinski, Padak, Newton, & Newton, (2008, p. 11). Just as phonics teaches word families, Greek and Latin roots will help students sound out words and determine the meanings of words (Padak, Newton, Rasinski, and Newton (2008, p. 29). Nagy & Anderson, 1984, found morphology played an important role in learning vocabulary by allowing students to make semantic connections between related word families. They concluded, “The ability to utilize morphological relatedness…

Disadvantage of Bilingualism

I have to admit that bilingualism has several advantages. Nonetheless, tackling this issue, the lingual conditions in which children are raised to be able to speak two languages equally well should be also taken into consideration. Many linguists underline that while introducing the second language to learner, his/her exposure to a given linguistic system is crucial. Thusly, parents striving for teaching their children a secod language/a non-native language often rely on commercial language materials such as books, videos, television programs, etc. Nevertheless, researchers (Kendall King and Lyn Fogle, Georgetown University) have found that live, human interaction such as reading or talking to a child is more effective than presentation of recored sounds (e.g., in television) and, therefore, the best method…

Learning a Foreign Language

What’s the best age to learn a new language? researchers say that you shouldn’t wait too long before introducing a baby to foreign languages. According to the critical period hypothesis, there’s a certain window in which second language acquisition skills are at their peak. Researchers disagree over just how long that window is — some say that it ends by age 6 or 7, while others say that it extends all the way through puberty — but after that period is over, it becomes much harder for a person to learn a new language. It’s not impossible, but children in that critical period have an almost universal success rate at achieving near fluency and perfect accents, while adults’ results are…

The Language of Irony

Irony is the tool that has made “Patriotism the last resort of the scoundrel”. Furthermore, it has become a necessity in the modern world.  But often, its use and misuse has given rise to much contention and strife due to misunderstanding, or the ‘proper’ understanding of the words.  The books on irony often state that it is not only the words used that matters, but also the ‘worlds’ of the user and the audience, that causes the irony. Irony can be seen to have happened in a point of time and not as always present. Case study First, let’s meet the person in school. Here he would come into contact with phrases, “such a good boy” coming from teachers at…