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Language Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Cultural Counseling and Latino Population

A counselor must understand how one’s own cultural differences and worldviews impact the counseling relationship. This paper will examine how I am culturally different from my client and how I would demonstrate cultural competence. Furthermore, I will describe how I can improve my cultural competence with the client. Clients Background Information My client, Alberto, is a 47-year-old Mexican American who has been married to his wife, Angela, for 27 years and has four children. Alberto lost his job and their savings is limited. Angela desires to work to help provide for the family. Alberto refuses to allow his wife to work. Both seek counseling, primarily because their priest has recommended them to do so. Alberto displays resistance to counseling because…

Why is teaching culture important in the ESL classroom

1. Introduction The seminar paper will argue that teaching culture should be a vital part of every English class. It will point put the various benefits that this teaching brings. By learning culture, students will gain practical communicative competences and knowledge of how to behave in a certain social situation. This kind of learning will also have a massive impact on their motivation and overall interest. It will make them grow personally and help them become more tolerant and open-minded. This paper will also point out some of the many different methods of teaching culture and present a few exercises that can be successfully used by teachers in order to familiarize students with foreign customs and traditions. Finally, the importance…

Journey On The North Coast

Language Techniques: Colloquial phrases which specify a location and suggests a sense of time. He starts in the middle of a sentence Adverbs_ sequential ordering the different stages of the journey (now the man is gone) Prepositions (eg I was on board) authenticates the experience. Shows you exactly what he is doing. Active verbs – he embraces the present experiences that allow for past memory to be recalled (eg. I see from where I’m bent, one of those bright crockery days) Written in free verse – irregularity, run on lines, enjambment First Persona and subjective imagery: he is rested. The journey has renewed him – rejuvenated him. Persona creates an immediacy in the shared experience. Rhythm of the train: soaring,…

Mice and men tension

How Does Steinbeck Create Tension in Chapter Three in Of Mice and Men Steinbeck creates tension by making the atmosphere before Curley’s dog gets shot very awkward. He does this by writing about how small noises draw everyone’s attention in the room to it: “He rippled the edge of the deck nervously, and the little snapping noise drew the eyes of all men in the room, so that he stopped doing it.” This quote gives a sense of tension, since tiny things like rippling cards can drew everyone’s attention. This makes it seem like a very quiet atmosphere. While everyone’s attention is drawn to the small sounds, Candy just stares at the ceiling and eventually rolls over. This makes the…

The development of Beatrice and Benedicks relationship

Benedick and Beatrice’s relationship is very lively throughout the play. At the beginning of the play they mock each other constantly in a jokey banterous fashion. Both of them are very independent and don’t believe in love. Their friends trick them into falling in love with each other and succeed, so that by the end of the play Beatrice and Benedick have a strong relationship and marry. At the beginning of the play (1, 1) Beatrice and Benedick constantly mock each other trying to outwit each other with quite sharp comments. For example Benedick says “well, you are a rare parrot teacher” to annoy Beatrice he says this in a jibing way to provoke her saying that she is too…

The best teaching aid is a piece of chalk

When I first went to school, the dominant teaching aid was blackboard and chalk. That is almost half a century ago. Back then, the statement “The best teaching aid is a piece of chalk” is likely to cause bafflement to teachers. “What else?” would be their common response. Today, however, teaching aids abound. From a simple letter set painstakingly cut out by a devoted teacher, through electronic projection equipment, DVD sound systems, televisions and computers, to the latest interactive whiteboard, they introduce a wealth of variety and differing impact to today’s classroom. Any discussion of this statement will therefore be remiss if I do not introduce and examine some available alternatives and their benefits and limitations. Such examination should include…

Mother-tongue Education in South Africa

Introduction The question of mother-tongue education in South Africa remains a vexed one. On the one hand, it seems reasonable and desirable that learners should be able to receive education in their mother-tongue, if they so wish. On the other hand, there are some very real difficulties involved in the implementation of this ideal. The purpose of this paper is to clarify what these difficulties are, and then to suggest what needs to be done to overcome them. The intention is neither to argue for or against the notion of mother-tongue education in the South African context, nor to consider whether its implementation is practically possible, but simply to spell out what courses of action need to be undertaken if…

Role of language in communication

Language is the human capacity for acquiring and using complex systems of communication, and a language is any specific example of such a system. The scientific study of language is called linguistics. Estimates of the number of languages in the world vary between 6,000 and 7,000. However, any precise estimate depends on a partly arbitrary distinction between languages and dialects. Natural languages are spoken or signed, but any language can be encoded into secondary media using auditory, visual, or tactile stimuli – for example, in graphic writing, braille, orwhistling. This is because human language is modality-independent. When used as a general concept, “language” may refer to the cognitive ability to learn and use systems of complex communication, or to describe…

Power and Authority that affects English Language

All languages change over time, and vary from place to place. In my opinion, English language is the most influenced by the change. I must say lots of factors affect language. It may be because of political or social pressures, such us invasions, imigration and colonisation. It may also change because of latest inventions, such as transport, domestic appliances and industrial equipment, or new sports and entertainment, because they also need new vocabluary. But, language can change by less obvious things. Language changes whenever speakers come into a communication with each other. Every person speaks differently from others, everybody has there own ‘idiolect’. There are no people who speak identically: people from different geographical places clearly speak differently, but even…

Mother- Tongue based Multilingual Education

Transfer to the other languages once Filipino or English has been acquired to use these skills in thinking and articulating thought and Be used in the process of acquiring English and Filipino more effectively Social Development Maintains local language and culture while providing national/ international language acquisition and instruction Promotes learners’ integration into the national society without forcing them to sacrifice their linguistic and cultural heritage. Using the culture the child knows enabling immediate comprehension from which new concepts can be built- going form the known to the unknown. Academic Development Meaning based education that enables students to learn well with the understanding of what the teacher is saying. Be well prepared to enter and achieve well in the mainstream…

Role of Communication

Victoria Climbie case of abuse shocked the nation, and still has an effect on people of today. Victoria was given 12 opportunities to put a stop to the torture which involved starvation, cigarette burns, repetitive beatings with bike chains and belt buckles, and hammer blows to her toes. But because of the lack of effective communication between provisions such as the social worker, Lisa Arthurworrey, and many hospitals, her body had given up on her due to over 120 injuries. Victoria aged 8 died. This case has made sure effective communication is used in all aspects of jobs, even down to supermarkets. It is extremely vital, so that there is no misunderstanding and achieving productivity and maintaining strong working relationships…

The Effect of Social Media on the English Language

Abstract: Giving the popularity of social networking sites lately, it has made an effect on the English language either in a positive way by adding new words to the dictionary a negative way by misusing the grammar and using incorrect abbreviated words like turning “you’re” to “your’. In this research proposal I would like to investigate what the effect of using social networks has on the English language and see if it was more positive than negative and vice versa. I will be making a survey page to collect data on the way people use these sites. Furthermore, we will see if people know the importance of using proper English and try to make social networking sites improve our way…

Theoretical Phonetics Exam Answers

1.Phonetics as a branch of linguistics. Phonetics and other disciplines. Applications of phonetics. Ph-s is a basic branch of linguistics that studies the inventory, structure and functions of the speech sounds. Ph-s studies the phonemes and their allophones, the syllabic structure, the distribution of stress, intonation and the ways in which they are organized. Ph-s investigates into a system of units and the variation of the units in all types and styles of spoken language. Some disciplines like lexicology and grammar can not function without ph-s. Ph-s is connected with physics mathematics, statistics, physiology, anatomy, anthropology, history, archaeology. 2.Branches of phonetics. Articulatory ph-s is the study of the way the vocal organs are used to produce speech sounds. Acoustic ph-s…

Importance and uses of contrastive linguistics

Introduction: Contrastive Linguistics, roughly defined as a subdiscipline of linguistics which is concerned with the comparison of two or more (subsystems of) languages, has long been associated primarily with language teaching. Apart from this applied aspect, however, it also has a strong theoretical purpose, contributing to our understanding of language typology and language universals. The study of two languages in contrast, here called contrastive analysis, has been referred to by a variety of names, not all of which mean the same to all writers. One can find the following terms used: contrastive studies, contrastive language studies, contrastive linguistics, applied contrastive studies, contrastive description and others. contrastive analysis investigates the differences between pairs (or small sets) of languages against the background…

The Role of communication

Communication has many roles and functions. It helps people to inform people of your thoughts ideas and opinions and help them to understand them too. It also can be used to help people in an emotional and social way (making friends, socialising etc.). Communication can also be used to assess a patient’s condition, build a trusting a respectful relationships and motivate them. All of these will help the patient’s self-esteem and will help to reduce barriers between professional and service users Types of communication Verbal Communication I split up in to two main areas verbal and non-verbal. Verbal communication has a number of influences that need to be considered when dealing with communication in a Health a Social Care setting….

LEARNERS AND LEARNING ASSIGNMENT 4

INTRODUCTION Students learning English as a foreign language are often confronted with the challenge of learning and using English effectively. Some students seem to cope with the difficulties of language learning with great success and neither little effort, while for others the task is neither an enjoyable nor a successful one. What is it that makes learning a new language so easy for some and so difficult for others? One reason is that “each student has his/her own preferred way of learning that is determined by his/her cultural and educational background and personality” (Shoebottom, 2007). BRIEF LESSON OUTLINE In this assignment I evaluated differences in learners’ responses and considered ways in which the quality of their learning could be improved.…

Sociolinguistics

What is Sociolinguistics? Is the field which studies the relationship between language and society, including cultural norms, expectations and context on the way language is used. What is Language? Language is a means of communication, it is used to communicate meaning, as it is also used to maintain and establish social relationships. What do Sociolinguistics study? Sociolinguistics study the following: 1- They study the relationship between language and society. 2- They are interested in explaining why we speak differently in different social contexts. 3- They examine the way people use language in different social contexts. What is the primary task of Sociolinguistics? And what are the types of variations used? Their primary task is to map linguistic variations on to…

Pros and cons of English being the international lingua franca

English speakers in the world including those who are in the inner circle, outer circle and expanding circle had reached to 380 millions of people since 2001. The finding shows how influential English Language is. Gradually, English become the international lingua franca, “utilized outside of the country or countries of its origin.”( Subject Area – English Language Essays) The Lingua Franca There are both pros and cons of English becoming the international lingua franca. English is the best candidate language for lingua franca. Many countries take English as the second language, students learn English under the education system mandatorily. In this way, the percentage of the population had the standard level of understanding of English, which is a non-native language,…

Being Bilingual: Important Skill in a Globalized World

Have you ever thought of learning a new language, and ever wondered what advantages this would give you? Maybe you have never asked these types of questions before, since you didn’t need to speak another language than your native. Today, being bilingual has become popular, but this is a necessity. In this globalizing world, speaking more than one language makes people more productive. Researchers say that there are advantages to being bilingual. These advantages can be reflected in your work, health, and social life. One advantage of being bilingual is reflected at work. Now, the unemployment rate is really high, so it is a good idea to increase skills by learning a new language. It is known that being bilingual…

FACTOR THAT INFLUENCE INTENSIVE BAHASA INGGERIS STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION TOWARDS LEARNING ENGLISH AT ALPHA COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY IN SEREMBAN 2

In the era of information and technology, there is a great need for individuals to learn and master the English language. Nowadays the English language is important to get a job easily. English is also used for different purposes such as news and information, business, diplomacy, entertainment and others, supported by Kitao as cited in (Kasuma, 2002). According to Travil as cited in (Kasuma, 2002) knowing the language can help us to express our opinions, hopes, and even our dreams. In Malaysia every school uses English as the language for teaching subjects such as Mathematics and Science, and a lot of people learn English at school, where English language is used as a common subject. Learning the language is important…

Business Communications reflection

Communication can be seen as the most important part of our life because living without communication, we cannot express our wants or understand the others’ needs, then there is no development at all. However, communication, particularly speaking, is not my strong point. That is the reason why I took Business Communications course. After ten weeks studying this course, I realize that my speaking skill have improved a lot. Surprisingly, the remarkable improvement is not only in Vietnamese but also in English speaking skill. Before studying at university environment, I used to think that there would be jobs that suitable for people that are not good at communication like me. Therefore, I did not work hard to improve that hindrance. I…

Nontariff barries

In the Xia case, if the WTO were to rule in favor of Brazil, which of the WTO trade agreements would contain the justification and why? Answer: Brazil banned imports of Xia goods from China because there was allegations and unconfirmed speculation pertaining to China’s use of hazardous materials (for example, lead paint and potentially carcinogenic plastic and rubbers) to manufacture toys cheaply, which sparked consumer panic around the globe. The imports of Xia goods were banned until the test was performed to guarantee that these goods do not possess any health risk. The Chinese government completely refuted this claim and fearing that other country might follow the similar pattern, took the matter before WTO for resolution. If WTO were…

They poured fire on us from the sky

They Poured Fire on us from the Sky was a courageous tale about three young men; Benson Deng, Alephension Deng and Benjamin Ajak. Through the story these three young men experienced some really harsh treatment. The Dinka tribe was their homeland a peaceful, grassy and active homeland, until the Muslims came. All the commotion happened when the Dinka tribe refused to participate in Islam’s culture. Islam did not like their refusal so they started the Sudanese Civil War. Islam invaded all tribes of south Sudan; they burnt homes, killed people, stole cattle and overall raised hatred and a lot of commotion. People started to hide, run and basically migrate to other places now that their beloved home and tribe was…

Tashkent

Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan and the largest city in Central Asia. Tashkent lies in the northeastern part of the country. The city probably dates from the 2nd or the 1st century bc and was variously known as Chachkent, Shashkent, and Binkent; the name Tashkent, which means “Stone Village” in Uzbek, was first mentioned in the 11th century. An important centre of trade and handicrafts on the caravan routes to Europe and East Asia, When it was captured by the Russians in 1865, it was a walled city of some 70,000 inhabitants and already a leading centre of trade with Russia. In 1867 it was made the administrative centre of the new governorate-general of Turkistan, and a new European…

Mother Tongue

Today we live in a society that is often called a “salad bowl”. It is called a “salad bowl” because it consists of various different people from various different backgrounds. We all live together in a society, but we still retain our own distinct flavors which helps to contribute to the richness and diversity of society. Unfortunately, today we also live in a society in which some of these groups are marginalized and looked down upon by others. Hence, often times as individuals we feel the need to compromise the way in which we communicate our ideas so that we can appeal to the views of the majority. Two authors explore how their attempt to compromise almost caused them to…

Deaf Like Me Book Report

This book was really interesting and touching. The parents of Lynn, the deaf little girl, were very strong parents and their struggle to be able to make their daughters life as normal as possible was hard for them since everywhere they went the answer the always got was, for Lynn to try to talk and be treated as a normal child. As parents, Louise and Tom did everything they were told and only hoped for the best and that one day their deaf child would be able to talk. Since the beginning when they found out their daughter was deaf they did all the research they could to try and be able to make life better for Lynn. Every doctor…

Hindi

Hindi (हिन्दी), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (मानक हिन्दी), is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language. Hindustani is the native language of people living in Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and parts of Rajasthan Hindi is one of the official languages of India.

8th Grade Curriculum

Unit Standard Skills Assessment, Projects & Resources Unit 1 (Short Stories) Reading and Literature A. Fluency B. Vocabulary Expansion C. Comprehension D. Literature B1. Acquire, understand, and use vocabulary through explicict and indirect vocabulary instruction and independent reading. B2. Determine the meaning of unknown words by using a dictionary or context clues. B3. Recognize and interpret words with multiple meanings. B4. Describe the influences of other languages on the English Language. B5. Apply knowledge of Greek and Latin roots, prefixes and suffixes to understand content area vocabulary. B6. Determine word meanings by using definition, restatement, example, comparison or contrast. B7. Identify and explain analogies, similes and metaphors. B8. Apply correct word pronunciation and inflection. C1. Summarize and paraphrase main idea…

Communication and professional relationships with children, young people and adults

Principles Effective communication is the key for developing and maintaining positive relationships with others. It helps build trust and encourage others to seek advices and share relevant information. We can strengthen or weaken someone’s trust in us by what we say and do. To strengthen a relationship, be honest and open with them, and try to understand their point of views. Help develop a relationship with children by doing things that build their trust in you. This will show them how to trust others and behave in a way which helps others trust them. Communication is a two way process and it is an active process that involves listening, questioning, understanding and responding. How we listen to others is just…

Johnson’s Dictionary and the language of learning

Codification refers to the methods and process by which a language is standardized. These specific methods include the creation and the use of style and language guides, dictionaries and the grammar textbooks. It is important to realize that codification is an ongoing process. The most important period in the codification of English, is the 18th century that was characterized with the publication of hundreds of grammar and dictionary. These included dictionaries such as “Samuel Johnson’s Monumental Dictionary,” in 1755 among other dictionaries (Johnson & Lynch, 2003). History of English Codification in Dictionary and Grammar books Codification of English language can be traced back in Britain, in the 18th century. During that time, perspective norms were stipulated by authors such as…