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labour Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Child Labour

Considerable differences exist between the many kinds of work children do. Some are difficult and demanding, others are more hazardous and even morally reprehensible. Children carry out a very wide range of tasks and activities when they work. Not all work done by children should be classified as child labour that is to be targeted for elimination. Children’s or adolescents’ participation in work that does not affect their health and personal development or interfere with their schooling, is generally regarded as being something positive. This includes activities such as helping their parents around the home, assisting in a family business or earning pocket money outside school hours and during school holidays. These kinds of activities contribute to children’s development and…

How Internal and External Forces Affect Organizational Behavior

Analyze how internal and External Forces Affect Organizational Behavior Examples of Internal and External Forces Include the Following: Competition: Some Chief Executive Officers when trying to build a high performance work culture will use a strategy that pits one employee against another employee to form a competition between the two. Methods such as these may entice employees to work harder, but sometimes these tactics will backfire and undermine employee cooperation. In-house internal competition does sound logical to many managers, employ the best people and evaluate them on regular intervals with sound measures. Then rank them from best to worst, unload the worst then praise the best, and shower them with money, and promotions while devoting enough attention to the rest…

Impact of Employee Retention

Griffeth & Hom (2001) have argued that employee turnover is assuming crisis proportions for many employers who struggle to retain people in the tightest labour market. Griffeth & Hom (2001, Pg 1) 52% of companies report that their turnover is increasing and quit rates are running high of 1.1% a month.” Turnover can be a real problem in many organisations. Companies spend a great deal of time and money recruiting and training employees and the cost of replacing staff members lost through turnover are great. The monetary cost of replacing one employee is generally estimated to range from 50 percent to 200 percent of the annual salary for the position, and may even be higher in very specialized fields. Furthermore,…

Wal-Mart: But we do give them a 10 percent employee discount

In this case study, Stanwick & Stanwick (2009) give the reader a synopsis into the allegations and ethical issues which the giant retailer Wal-Mart has been facing since the end of the twentieth century. Wal-Mart is being accused of asking their employees to work off-the-clock and not paying them for this work, for not paying its employees overtime when it was the case, for discriminating against women, for not offering affordable health insurance to its employees, for being anti-union, for using illegal immigrants, and violating child labor laws or partnering with foreign companies which did not follow fair labor practices. Many of these issues have resulted in severe criticism, class-action lawsuits, and millions of dollars in settlements that Wal-Mart had…

Scientific Management Outdated

In todays modern era of business, with its exploding technological advances, easier access to materials and a much more skilled and specialized labor force the ideology behind using scientific management is fast becoming as dated a method as the industries that still heavily rely upon its principles to function efficiently. Considering that the fundamental principles of scientific management consist of breaking down manufacturing into its constituent parts allowing unskilled, simple minded, untrained workers to do any one of the multiple tasks that produce a product. This method functions in a manner that maximizes laborers potential and thus company profits by using an assembly line type system. Under this system only management however is considered capable enough of making the big…

International Workplace Relations

Any institution or organization is defined by the kind of labour and workplace relations it has. Workplace relations which describe how the management addresses its employees and their interests may cause an organization to succeed or fail as they determine whether the organization will be able to meet its goals and vision. This is because the human resource of an organization is one of its crucial investments. When the management is not careful with the way it relates to its workforce, the human resource becomes a liability. Workplace relations between the management and the employees usually are through labour unions. Labour unions function to collectively bargain for better terms of work and other interests of workers. They have the responsibility…

Induction of labour

Labour is characterized by uterine contractions that in return create physical changes to the cervix such as dilation and effacement in preparation for delivery of a baby. Labour induction, though sometimes confused with labour augmentation, refers to the process of artificially initiating labour in cases where labour has not began naturally or when life threatening health risk(s) have been diagnosed. Labour augmentation, on the other hand, refers to the process of artificially accelerating labour in cases where the labour process is slow and or unsatisfactory creating the risk of the baby going into distress or the mother getting fatigued before delivery. Ideally every pregnancy should proceed to term and labour should begin naturally, however, in some instances labour does not…

Child Labour Essay

In the 1800’s children were forced to go to work in factories for little pay. The factories were in very bad conditions for children to work in. Most of the kids got asthma because the factories were so dusty. The children had to get into small gaps in the machines to fix them which was very dangerous and some of the children died because of it. A lot of the children didn’t get any sleep so they fell asleep in the factories. The children had to bend over for long periods of time, if they fell asleep which made most of them cripple. Many factory owners were against reforming working conditions for children. This was because they thought they provided…

Human Resource Management

The first stop at the place of employment on the first day of work is human resource management (HRM) office. Known in the past as the personnel department is now HRM; the place where contracts and all necessary documentation is processed before employment begins at the workplace. To some this is a friendly place and to other is threatening. Definition To understand what human resource management means and does, it is necessary to begin with a definition of its terms: Human: of, relating to, or characteristic of humans, consisting of humans (Merriam-Webster). Resource: a source of supply or support; an available means usually used in plural; a natural source of wealth or revenue often used in plural; a natural feature…

History Of Human Resource Management

Human resource management is a function in organizations designed to maximize employee performance in service of their employer’s strategic objectives.[1] HR is primarily concerned with how people are managed within organizations, focusing on policies and systems.[2] HR departments and units in organizations are typically responsible for a number of activities, including employee recruitment, training and development, performance appraisal, and rewarding. HR is also concerned with industrial relations, that is, the balancing of organizational practices with regulations arising from collective bargaining and governmental laws. HR is a product of the human relations movement of the early 20th century, when researchers began documenting ways of creating business value through the strategic management of the workforce. The function was initially dominated by transactional…

New and Distinctive Set of Values

To what extent and for what reasons did New Labour succeed in introducing a new and distinctive set of values to the conduct of Britain’s external relations between 1997 and 2010? Introduction As John Rentoul has observed in his biography of Tony Blair, “Prime Ministers always run their own foreign policy” (Rentoul, 2001: 420). This was certainly true of Tony Blair and New Labour. That itself is a reason why Britain’s external relations in the shape of New Labour’s foreign policy can only be properly understood by reference to the foreign policy philosophy espoused by Blair and his response to world events during his leadership over three terms in office. In New Labour’s third term (2005-10) the interventionist policy that…

Child Labour

Children are the flowers of heaven. They are the most beautiful and purest creation of God. They are innocent both inwardly and outwardly. No doubt, they are the beauty of this world. Early in the morning when the children put on different kinds of clothes and begin to go to schools for the sake of knowledge, we feel a specific kind of joy through their innocence. Introduction But there are children, those who cannot go to schools due to financial problems, they only watch others go to schools and can merely wish to seek knowledge. It is due to many hindrances and difficulties; desperate conditions that they face in life. Having been forced to kill their aspirations, dreams and other…

Dominance between the years 1951-1964 was Labour disunity

“The main reason for Conservative dominance between the years 1951-1964 was Labour disunity” assess the validity of this view. Labour disunity was undoubtedly significant and contributed hugely to the Conservative party’s ability to dominate politically throughout this period. However, it would be wrong to argue that divisions within the Labour party are alone responsible for this. Other reasons include poor Labour leadership, the strength of the Conservatives and affluence between the years 1951-1964. Divisions within the Labour party were hugely problematic and largely to blame for the Conservative dominance. “When Labour had lost power it had tended… to tear itself up into small pieces” (Marr), generating lots of infighting between the left and right of the party and the inability to…

Sweatshops are immoral

The vast majority of Americans are shocked by reports of brutal conditions in overseas factories. The U.S. itself has a proud practice of unions and human rights groups that work to prevent such abuses like child labor, refusal to pay overtime pay, exposure to poisonous chemicals, and unsafe working environments. Every day, people from other countries come to America for a chance to work hard in return for better treatment, higher paying jobs than the jobs they can find in their native country. Consumer demands affect a company’s business decision in many cases. Fashion being so fast paced with many companies competing for the global dollars. Every company has cut prices which in turn has them searching for ways to…

The Functions of Modern Management

“Strategic HR planning predicts the future HR management needs of the organization after analyzing the organization’s current human resources, the external labor market and the future HR environment that the organization will be operating in” (HR Council, n.d.). Human resource planning directly ties in to an organization’s strategic development and implementation by calculating company trends, resources, design, previous works and future expansion and ensuring that the impending requirements are met. This paper will further examine the role of human resource development activities relative to an organization’s strategic growth, while highlighting the eight elements of the staffing process and concluding with the explanation of the relationship between key human resource activities and a company’s planning, development, and implementation processes. Human resource…

Job Redesign and Workplace Rewards Assessment

Companies face monstrous difficulties in pulling in and holding an excellent and profitable workforce. Organizations are persistently searching for better approaches to keep their representatives fulfilled at all levels to bridle more noteworthy benefit and plans from individuals while keeping them spurred and euphoric. One true test inspected prior is the need to convert General Motors to be a considerably more beneficial and completely used association by examining the hourly workforce. This is an incredible change from the conventional “us versus them” mindset of the past between administration and the union. A few departments are connected to Job Redesign and Workplace Rewards Assessment. Among these offices is the human resource department. The position’s present significant parts, tasks, or responsibilities Human…

Child Labour Should Be Banned

For many of us it is hard to imagine what it would be like growing up, having to work from the age of five and not being able to go to school. ‘Child Labour’ is defined by the United States Department of Labour (DOL) as ‘the employment of boys and girls when they are too young to work for hire; or when they are employed at jobs unsuitable or unsafe for children of their ages’ It is not something we are too familiar with ourselves, living in a wealthy country, but the fact is that there are many Third World countries out there where the economy and living conditions are so bad that children have to work in unsuitable and…

The Labor Movement in the 1920’s

As a correction to the wartime effort, inflation and unemployment increased because there was not a need to mass-produce products for war, and America had to return to “normalcy”. The amount of labor unrest increased during this time period, which is very obvious by the increase of labor strikes. There was a strike by the United States Steel Corporation workers in 1919. They were annoyed with their seven 12 hour workdays a week. The leader of the American Federation of Labor joined the International Workers of the World (which was a communist group dedicated to freeing the bonds of workers) after the strike. A committee published a report that illustrated the horrible working conditions, which eventually caused steel companies to…

Child Labour

The term “child labour” is often used interchangeably with “working child” or “employed child”. While all these terms are defined on the basis of age of the person working. According to the Constitution of India, child labourer may be defined as a person who is below the age of 14 years and is working for an earning. However, child labour denies children the opportunities for mental and physical development and consequently their life chances are marred. Children engaged in domestic work or helping their parents in agricultural or household pursuits do not get income but their work interferes with their childhood activities like education and recreation. Hence child labour needs to be defined in a manner which will include both…

The Role Of Hrm

Suddenly, he has pleaded guilty to charges that are likely to land him in prison for 10 years, forfeited $29 million he personally made from operating the off-balance-sheet entities, and agreed to fully co-operate with the prosecutors. What caused Fastow’s about-turn was the likely indictment of his wife, Lea Fastow. The only condition he made for his plea bargain was that he and his wife should not go to prison at the same time. He wanted to ensure that his two children had at least one parent at home. Basically, he sacrificed his self-interest, as he saw it, to protect the interests of his children and, to a lesser extent, those of his wife, who was also his high-school sweetheart….

Social class is still the determinant of voting behaviour

‘Social class is still the main determinant of voting behaviour.’ Discuss. In some ways, this statement is correct, however, as society is evolving this is becoming less and less apparent. The change in voting behaviour based on classes started to change between 1945 and the 1980s, where the class de-alignment occurred. This was the decline in the relationship between social class and voting. After World War II, the distinctions between the classes became less important as the country had fought a war together, and everyone struggled because of it, no matter of their class. The period from the 1960s to the 1970s also showed changes in society. The distinctions between the classes eroded due to an increase in prosperity. Many…

Was Child Labour Necessary During the Industrial Revolution?

Child labour was important in factories. For reasons such as factory could pay them less than an adult for similar work, also, the children could fit their hands into small places to fix little things or work in ways adults couldn’t making it seem more beneficial. Although it seemed beneficial, it was important to stop child labour because it kept children out of school. This meant they didn’t get a proper education and possibly get a better job. The children, more than often, got badly injured and were no longer able work, usually for the rest of their lives. They were also more responsive to illnesses. In my opinion, I don’t think it was right, but nor do I think…