To determine the weight-to-volume percent of acetic acid present in commercial vinegar and the weight-to-volume percent of ammonia present in window cleaners. Acid-base titrations can be conducted using the above samples against standardized aqueous NaOH and standardized aqueous HCl solutions respectively.
Acetic acid, commonly known as ethanoic acid CH3COOH, is found in commercial vinegar. It is a weak organic acid that gives vinegar its characteristic pungent smell, sour taste and slight acidity. Being an acid, vinegar is used as a mild disinfectant in cleaning agents as well as a food preservative. Ammonia, NH3, is used in household and industrial cleaning agents due to its ability to solubilize grease. In this experiment, we shall use acid-base titration to determine the weight-to-volume percentage of acetic acid and ammonia. An acid-base titration is a process of obtaining quantitative information of a sample using an acid-base reaction by reacting with a certain volume of reactant whose concentration is known. A suitable indicator for determining the equivalence point is used to indicate the end point of an acid-base titration. To achieve accurate results, multiple titrations will be carried out until duplicate determinations agree to within 0.05mL of each other.