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Kidney Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Fantastic Voyage

Today on our fantastic voyage we are going to be taken through the digestive system of a male, age 55 and we will be following what happens to a hamburger, fries and a refreshing glass of root beer, as its enters his body and begins the process of digestion. After that we will then follow the root beer into the blood stream and to the kidneys, through the urinary tract and then our journey will end when the urine is expelled. Let’s begin!! The first step of our journey begins in the mouth. Here food is ground up using his teeth and his saliva helps to moisten the food to help make the food easier to swallow. Once the food…

Kidney Disease

Not everyone with diabetes develops kidney disease. Factors that can influence kidney disease development include genetics, blood sugar control, and blood pressure. The better a person keeps diabetes and blood pressure under control, the lower the chance of getting kidney disease. What are the symptoms? The kidneys work hard to make up for the failing capillaries so kidney disease produces no symptoms until almost all function is gone. Also, the symptoms of kidney disease are not specific. The first symptom of kidney disease is often fluid buildup. Other symptoms of kidney disease include loss of sleep, poor appetite, upset stomach, weakness, and difficulty concentrating. It is vital to see a doctor regularly. The doctor can check blood pressure, urine (for…

Urinary Retention

This assignment will focus on an account of patient care that I have provided to a patient who was unable to excrete urine during a long day shift in a secondary care setting. It will discuss regarding my contribution to a change in care while assessing the patient. The assessment will be evaluated to help analyse and synthesise information, make evidence- based decision and implement these decisions into clinical environment appropriately which is also known as clinical decision making according to Pritchard (2006). I will be using evidence based research and appropriate pathophysiology to understand why the patient had to be catheterized. Consent has been gained and a pseudonym is given to protect the patients’ identity as people have the…

National Kidney Foundation

Today November 16, 2012, I had an interview with Pier Merone who is the division president in southern California and Nevada of the National Kidney Foundation. We discussed a variety of issues regarding problems, solutions, and awareness of the lack of organ donors and kidney diseases in California. One of the problems that we addressed during the interview was how California has a wait list of 7 years compare to the national level which is only 4 years today. According to Pier Merone, the reason why the wait list is longer in California than any other state’s wait list is because California has a higher population than other states as well as affecting groups such as elderly people and ethnic…

Development of Anna Fitzgerald Character

Adolescence development relies upon many factors. In order to accurately examine its growth, it is useful to look at some developmental theories. Anna Fitzgerald is thirteen years old; however, she is not like any other teenager with some ordinary problems. Anna was born for a specific purpose she was born to save her sister’s life and to serve as a matched tissue donor. When Anna was born, her umbilical cord was collected and since then she was constantly donating blood, stem cells or bone marrow. That resulted in her undergoing more serious and risky procedures. But when she reaches the age 13, she is being told to donate one of her kidneys. Aware of the fact that she was conceived…

Assigning Evaluation and Management

Individual Assigning Evaluation and Management (E/M) Codes 1. Initial consultation for a 78-year-old woman with unexplained weight loss, abdominal pain, and rectal bleeding. Comprehensive history and examination performed. 99205 This history and examination were comprehensive and dealt with several body systems, so 99205 is the better E/M code to use. 2. 30-year-old patient presents complaining of flu-like symptoms characterized by unremitting cough, sinus pain, and thick nasal discharge. Examination reveals bronchitis and sinus infection. Patient is prescribed a five-day course of Zithromax. 99202 The case does not distinguish whether the patient was a new or an established patient. Without this knowledge, I would use the code 99202. 3. Established patient on Lithium presents for routine blood work to monitor therapeutic…

Sale of Human Organ

Surprisingly, nearly 10 percent of 10,000 English patients, who are on the waiting list for organs transplant, dies each year before they obtain an organ (Bates, 2011). While this number tends to rocket in not only England but also worldwide range, almost all the government still keep passing numerous policies to restrict the supply of transplant organs. Typically, they have long prohibited trafficking human organs regardless of proposals for reform. As a further work on this issue, the article “Sales of Kidneys Prompt New Law and Debate” from the book “Topics for Today” (Smith and Mare, 2004) continues providing an insight into the controversy over legalization of commercial transactions in human organs, specially, kidneys. In my opinion, government should make…

The Importance of Christmas

I. Summary: Vilma plays Seth, a woman who runs a boarding house in a middle-class community in the city. Her father, Odong (Robert Arevalo), is successfully treated for his post-stroke condition by a faith healer named Elsa (Daria Ramirez). Because of this, 5 of Seth’s friends (and neighbors) convince her to bring them to Elsa so that they may also get their various illnesses treated. Seth’s son, Jed (Martin del Rosario), also brings along his half-sister Cookie (Kim Chiu) so her kidney condition could be cured. After the day of the healing, each person treated by Elisa dies of strange and violent circumstances. Before each death, Seth would be visited by a crow and a puzzling vision of her friend’s…

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)

Procedure Until recently it was not uncommon for patients admitted to an acute care facility to have an indwelling catheter anchored for unnecessary reasons. Patients that came in thru the emergency department typically were sent to the units with unnecessary indwelling catheters in place and it was not unusual for a surgery patient to have an indwelling catheter anchored before or during a procedure. Once a patient was admitted and was transported to the units nursing would also anchor indwelling catheters for multiple unnecessary reasons. These Catheters could be anchored for many unnecessary days and in some cases until discharge. In 2008 the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) initiated a policy change to no longer reimburse hospitals for…

The Diagnosis Of The Diabetes

Assess the difficulties involved in the diagnosis of the diabetes type 2 M1: Assess possible difficulties involved in the diagnosis of the disorders from their signs and symptoms. There can be difficulties when diagnosing disorders because many signs and symptoms are similar to other disorder which is why doctors have to be thorough when making diagnosis so that they don’t miss any signs and get it mixed up with another disorders. When diagnosing coronary heart disease the signs and symptoms can be similar to other disorders in the cardiovascular system such as an aortic aneurysm. The signs and symptoms of aortic aneurysm include pain in your back, jaw, chest and neck aortic aneurysm which is the similar pain to diagnosing…

Diagnosis and treatment of male genitourinary

1. What is a physician that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of male genitourinary conditions called? Urologist 2. What disease causes the kidneys to overcompensate by straining within the remaining nephrons? Chronic Renal Failure 3. What are most kidney stones composed of? calcium-containing crystals 4. What are three types of bladder stones? Calcium, Uric acid, Struvite, and Cystine stones 5. A constriction of the perputial orifice that does not allow for the foreskin to fold back over the glans is called? paraphimosis 6. What is the term for the surgical removal of the uterus? Hysterectomy 7. What is the medical term for an examination/biopsy of the vagina and cervical areas? colposcopy 8. What disease or condition can lead to…

Urinary Incontinence and Employee Health Nurse

​A nurse is caring for a client with a spinal cord injury. What are possible causes of autonomic dysreflexia that the nurse should monitor for? distended bladder (most common), fecal impaction, cold stress or drafts on lower part of body, tight clothing, undiagnosed injury or illness. A nurse is caring for a client who has just undergone a craniotomy for a supratentorial tumor. Which of the following postoperative prescriptions should the nurse clarify with the provider? A. Dexamethasone (Decadron) 30 mg IV bolus BID B. Morphine sulfate 2 mg IV bolus PRN every 2 hr for pain C. Ondansetron (Zofran) 4 mg IV bolus PRN every 4 to 6 hr for nausea D. Phenytoin (Dilantin) 100 mg IV bolus TID…

Urinalysis Case Studies

Patient Background: Mickey River is a 27 years old female Native American. Her chief complaint is fatigue and malaise. She states she is “tired and hungry and thirsty all of the time” no matter how much she eats or drinks. She has significantly increased her food intake, but has lost 10 pounds in the last two months. She also complains of dizziness, blurred vision, and an awkward feeling of numbness in her right foot. Her physical exam revealed the following: Her blood pressure is normal. Her temperature is normal. Her pulse is normal. Her respiratory rate is elevated. Lab Values: see table in learning module 1. List the abnormal symptoms or conditions the patient is exhibiting a. Fatigue, malaise, dizziness,…

Diagnostic Urinalysis Lab

Introduction/Background Today’s lab exercise is about diagnostic Urinalysis. Urine reflects the many chemical components found in blood. This test is a good measure of health of endocrine system, kidneys, and urinary tract. Artificial urine samples are used for today’s lab thank goodness. The test that this lab is mostly focused on is called “dipstick” urinalysis test where students will analyze the chemical composition of urine by dipping the chemical indicator stick or “dispstick” into a sample of urine. The chemicals in the pad of the indicator stick will react with various biochemicals, ions and salts found in urine and indicate the presence of hemoglobin, glucose, ketones, protein and specific gravity. The change in color indicates the quantity and presence of…

Human Pathophysiology

A 45-year-old grocery sales clerk has been suffering from bouts of severe pain in his left flank region. He blamed it on prolonged standing for 8 hours straight while working. He was taking over-the-counter pain medications for his pain. One day, he found fresh blood in his urine. He went to a doctor who performed urine tests, CT scans, and x-rays. He was diagnosed with urinary calculi. •Discuss possible factors that may have been responsible for the development of the stone and use this case to show how the patient’s diet and water intake can help analyze the composition of the calculi. Factors responsible for the development can include his family or personal history, being over 40, his gender, his…

Pathophysiology Case Study

Patient Case Question 1: For which condition is this patient likely taking nifedipine? Nifedipine is a calcium channel blocker used to treat high blood pressure and chest pain. Patient’s past medical history indicates that he has had hypertension “for years,” the patient is most likely taking Nifedipine to manage this condition. May also be taking nifedipine so as to prevent chest pain from his past condition of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Patient Case Question 2: For which condition is this patient likely taking lisinopril? Lisinopril is an ACE inhibitor that treats high blood pressure and heart failure. Patient could be taking lisinopril in tandem with nifedipine to manage his hypertension and Coronary Artery Disease. Patient Case Question 3: For which…

Osmoregulation in Fish

Osmosis in the movement of water molecules through a selectively permeable membrane. It occurs from a region of high water concentration to a region of low water concentration. The control of water balance in animals is known as osmoregulation. Osmoregulation is a homeostatic mechanism. The body fluids of a salt water fish are hypotonic (higher in water concentration) compared with the surrounding sea water – the sea water is therefore hypertonic. Because of this they constantly lose water by osmosis through its selectively permeable gill and gut membranes. To replace its loses and maintain its water balance, the fish drinks the sea water. The chloride secretory cells in the gills of the fish actively secrete the excess salt – gained…

Processes involved in the human kidney

-Blood enters each kidney via renal artery and leaves each kidney via renal vein -Urine exists the kidney through a duct called the ureter and the uruters of both kidneys drain into a common urinary bladder -Kidney consists of outer renal cortex and inner renal medulla -Nephron is functional unit of vertebrate kidney -Consists of single long tubule and ball of capillaries called the glomerulus -Bowman’s capsule surrounds the glomerulus -Kidney regulates the composition of the blood and produce urine -Filtration occurs as blood pressure forces water, urea, salts, and other small solutes from the blood in the glomerulus into the Bowman’s capsule -Nonselective -Filtrate goes into proximal tube, loop of Henle (a hairpin turn with a descending limb and…

Genzyme/Geltex Pharmaceuticals Joint Venture

Early in 1997, Genzyme Corporation began negotiations with Geltex Pharmaceuticals in an attempt to launch a joint venture to market Geltex’s first product, RenaGel. Geltex was a young biotech research company with only two products in its pipeline, and they didn’t have the resources necessary to launch RenaGel on their own. Genzyme, on the other hand, was a quickly growing company that experienced revenues of $518 million in 1996. They were attracted to the joint venture with Geltex because of the likelihood of increased earnings, as well as the joint venture being an excellent fit for Genzyme’s specialty therapeutics. Genzyme also felt that the joint venture would lead to a similar deal in launching Geltex’s second product, CholestaGel. Before cementing…

Organ Donor Persuasive

Organ donation is such a simple and selfless action one takes to save the lives of others. The pros of declaring oneself as a donor far outweigh the cons, for nearly 90% of Americans claim to support donation. Only 30%, however, know how to or actually become donors, according to Donate Life America; so, what steers people away? Many avoid declaring themselves as organ donors because there are many misconceptions to the process of organ donation. Some believe that a hospital staff will avoid focusing on saving a person’s life if he or she has agreed to become an organ donor, including the possibility that doctors may sign the death certificate before an organ donor is truly dead. Others fear…

Fetal Pig Dissection

1. How do the locations of the endocrine organs in the fetal pig compare with those in the human? The pigs pancreas is above the kidneys and adrenal gland in the pig. The thymus covers the thyroid in the pig. For the humans though, they have thymus above the thyroid. 2. Name the two endocrine organs located in the throat region The thymus and the thyroid are both in the throat region 3. Name 3 endocrine organs located in the abdominopelvic cavity. The three endocrine organs located in the abdominopelvic cavity are the gonads, adrenal, and the glands pancreas. 4.Given the assumption (not necessarily true) that human beings have more stress than adult pigs, which endocrine organs would you expect…

Matters of Life and Death

In a new book, A Miracle and a Privilege, Dr Francis Moore, 81, of Harvard Medical School, discusses a lifetime of grappling with the issue of when to help a patient die. An excerpt: Doctors of our generation are not newcomer to this question. Going back to my internship days, I can remember many patients in pain, sometimes in coma or delirious, with late, hopeless cancer. For many of them, we wrote an order for heavy medication – morphine by the clock. This was not talked about openly and little was written about it. It was essential, not controversial The best way to bring the problem into focus is to describe two patients whom I cared for. The first, formerly…

Assignment: Assigning Evaluation and Management

Initial consultation is performed for a 78-year-old woman with unexplained weight loss, abdominal pain, and rectal bleeding. A comprehensive history and examination is performed. 99205- The patient is a new patient who needs a comprehensive amount of data. The patient has unexplained symptoms, so it is very important to get the history in order to help figure out what may be causing these symptoms. A 30-year-old established patient presents complaining of flu-like symptoms characterized by unremitting cough, sinus pain, and thick nasal discharge. A detailed examination reveals bronchitis and sinus infection. The patient is prescribed a 5-day course of Zithromax. 99214- The patient is an established patient who is experiencing flu-like symptoms. The patient must have a detailed examination in…

Kidney Stones, is there a solution?

Introduction Kidney stones are a painful and dangerous urinary disorder that could cause severe cramping, block flow of urine, and sometimes cause a fever that “about 5 % of American women and 12 % of men suffer from at some point in their lives” (Kidney Stone Disease). “Most small stones measuring less than 5mm or 6mm can persist in the body with medical expulsive therapy, will typically pass within a few days to a few weeks” (Kidney Stones Overview). Kidney stones are also referred to as renal calculi and are formed in the kidney as a result of buildup of minerals that are being excreted from the body as waste. This buildup can be caused by supersaturation which is when…

Analysis of Macromolecules in Tissue

The homogenates provided were made by homogenizing tissues in a sucrose phosphate buffer in a 1:20 ratio. The protein concentration in bovine cells was measured by diluting the homogenate with a 1:5 ratio; 50 microliters of homogenate and 200 microliters of water. Then 5 known protein concentration samples which were 0.4, 0.8, 1.2, 1.6, 2.0 mg/ml of bovine serum were used to determine absorbance with a spectrophotometer. Two additional samples were made; one was blank and the other was for the specific homogenate sample. Then 3 microliters of bradford assay reagent, which indicates the amount of protein present by color, was added to all samples. The spectrophotometer was zeroed at 595 nm. A standard curve was made with the different…

Summary of Organ Sales Will Save Lives

In the essay “Organ Sales Will Save Lives” by Joanna MacKay, kidney failure is the main topic. In her thesis, MacKay states that, “Governments should not ban the sale of human organs; they should regulate it (92).” The thesis is supported by one main reason: it will save lives. In America 350,000 people struggle each year from this situation. MacKay also states that with the legal selling of organs, more people will be willing to give up their kidneys. There are also other ways to save lives like dialysis, but this situation would only be for a temporary time period, transplant is definitely the way to go. People in third world countries are extremely willing to sell their kidneys because…

The Back Story about Underhills

What happened? Main Characters Roma and Clint Underhill own a succesful real estate company in Desert Palms After a long day they went in their hot tub with some wine It was a 60 degree night Clint had taken some medication prior to going into the hot tub The Back Story Part One Questions 1.) The paramedics found empty wine bottles on the ledge surrounding the hot tub, and the bodies of the Underhills on the bottom of the hot tub. The water of the hot tub seemed way too hot. Both of them have been dead for awhile 2.) Whey was the hot tub so hot? What time did the maid get home? How long were the Underhill’s dead…

Nursing Diagnosis, Interventions and Goal Assignment

Select a major medical diagnosis for your patient. Pick two nursing diagnoses and write four (4) pertinent interventions and rationales for each diagnosis. Be sure your interventions are applicable to your assigned patient. Cite your sources in APA format. Print two copies of this page so you can develop two nursing diagnoses. Patient’s Medical Diagnosis: Hypertension Nursing Diagnosis: Deficient Knowledge 1) Intervention: Define and specify the desired blood pressure limits. Describe hypertension and its effect on the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and brain. Rationale: Provides a basis for understanding blood pressure elevation, and describes commonly used medical terms. Understanding that high blood pressure can occur without symptoms is the center allows patients to continue treatment, even when feeling better. 2)…

Prevention of catheter associated UTI

Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI) is a major problem in hospitalized patients, especially in acute care settings. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), among UTI’s acquired in the hospital, approximately 75% are associated with urinary catheter, which is a tube inserted into the bladder through urethra to drain urine. These incidences can be reduced in the hospital, if proper sterilization technique is maintained at the time of bladder catheter insertion and if necessary steps are taken by the nurses to daily monitor the need for catheter placement, thereby discontinuing it when it is no longer needed. The main purpose of this study is to bring back the idea, that these conditions can be preventable if the…

Definition Essay Altruism

Eric Gibson, the editor of the Leisure & Arts page of The Wall Street Journal, once wrote that “Anonymity is the truest expression of altruism.” I do agree with this statement but, from my point of view, altruism is much more than that. It is to help a stranger in need even at the expense of your own well-being. A true act of greatness! Altruism, unfortunately, can neither be learnt nor taught, but rather stems directly from the individual’s heart. To make it even simpler, altruism is a behavior that opposes egoism, and is generally understood to be an act that benefits others at a personal cost. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines altruism as “feelings and behavior that show a desire…