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Justice Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Political Thinking

Thucydides starts with past, articulates the tech of power that Greeks have developed over time Key tech od power Walls/security, ships/naval power, liquid money/cash These are progresses that Greeks have made for themselves He disagrees with poets His war is the greatest war because of the suffering Plague on the body politics The plague (literally used in the book is also a metaphor in the destruction of political body Greeeks were related by language kinship and religion groups . They were related by culture = global war turns out to be a civil war between brothers What relation there may be unchanging human culture and political culture Causes of the War/ national character Ethos – character of particular political regime…

The Justice of “The Republic”

In his book “the Republic”, Plato tried to build up an ideal society. He divided the ideal society into three classes: rulers, guardians, and workers. As long as each class of people lived harmonious and did their responsibilities, the society would become stable and prosperous. How did make people live with harmony? Obviously, the core issue of “the republic” is justice. Justice is a proper, harmonious relationship among the people in the three classes. Plato suggested that three virtues of individual which were wisdom, courage, and moderation would make individual person just. Also, in order to get the justice, Plato used the “Gold lie” to placate unhappiness with one’s place in life. The three classes were component of the society,…

Plato Paper

What is the nature of justice? Looking from Plato’s perspective justice can be broken down to its simplest forms. Plato starts where we start; with forms. Forms are the building blocks that build complex ideas and tell us the nature of those ideas. In this case Plato reveals his ideas on the nature of justice through forms. The nature of justice can be simplified to basic forms and rebuilt for everyone can understand. Early in discussion is the topic is consent. Consent must be under free will though. One can give consent under great pressures, which would ultimately be false. The way Plato described the natural city begins with need and consent. Everyone agrees to how their lives should be…

Virtue – Plato

And others who are mute auditors. The scene is laid in the house of Cephalus at the Piraeus; and the whole dialogue is narrated by Socrates the day after it actually took place to Timaeus Hermocrates, Critias, and a nameless person, who are introduced in the Timaeus. I WENT down yesterday to the Piraeus with Glaucon, the son of Ariston, that I might offer up my prayers to the goddess; and also because I wanted to see in what man- ner they would celebrate the festival, which was a new thing. I was delighted with the procession of the inhabitants; but that of the Thracians was equally, if not more, beautiful. When we had finished our prayers and viewed the…

The Views of Justice

Plato’s theory brings out justice as an outcome of the whole man and how he affects those around him. It is curbing the moral, emotional and spiritual decay of a person and springing some form of holiness in a man. On the other hand, Cephalus, an old yet very rich attributes justice to morality or doing right. Cephalus points out that justice is speaking the truth to your neighbor and paying all your debts. He also points justice as being able to conduct yourself rightly. Socrates replies to Cephalus view by saying that such a rule is not meaningful because, In an instance where you had borrowed a weapon from a friend who is mad, it would make no sense…

Political Justice: Plato and Aristotle

Plato and Aristotle had different ideas of politics and political justice. In The Republic, Plato creates the ideal city, which is needed to guarantee justice. He aims to create a peaceful united city that will lead to the greater good of the community and individuals. Unlike Plato who imagines the ideal city, Aristotle looks at actual cities in The Politics. He doesn’t want to create the ideal city; he aims to improve the existing city. While their ideas about politics and justice were different, they both strived to find a better way of life for society and hoped to achieve political justice. In order to define justice, Socrates attempts to create an ideal city, one that is healthy and just….

Plato Aristotle Comparison

Justice is the topic which has been the main subject of most philosophers; a quick definition for justice could be the quality of being fair and reasonable. A lot of philosophers have written on this subject and have had debates. Two of the most significant ones are Plato and Aristotle, who are two leading figures of ancient Greek civilization and both thought about justice and established theories about the aspects of being just. Plato was a student of Socrates, and Aristotle was a student of Plato. Aristotle studied under Plato and remained in his academy for 20 years in Athens but left the academy after Plato’s death. Aristotle and Plato had different philosophies about many subjects like justice and injustice,…

Justice vs mercy

In the case of Rukyo, he had two major ethical dilemmas that he was forced to face in his lifetime. The first was when he came into contact with the man that caused the burning of his home planet. He was fighting with the Leruican Army when he recognized the face of one of his opponents. Rukyo knew that he was a skilled fighter and could defeat and kill this man easily in combat but he also knew that the proper punishment for this man should be determined in the Leruican court system. The dilemma in this case is justice vs. mercy. Rukyo could kill this man and serve him justice in his own eyes or he could turn him…

Universality and Reversibility: Justice and Fairness

The categorical imperative incorporates two criteria for determining moral right and wrong: universalizability and reversibility. Universalizability means the person’s reasons for acting must be reasons that everyone could act on at least in principle. Reversibility means the person’s reasons for acting must be reasons that he or she would be willing to have all others use, even as a basis of how they treat him or her. That is, one’s reasons for acting must be reasons that everyone could act upon in principle, and the person’s reasons must be such that he would be willing to have all others use them as well. Unlike utilitarianism, which focuses on consequences, Kantian theory focuses on interior motivations. The second formulation Kant gives…

Justice or Freedom of Speech

1. When do the concerns of national security cross the line to infringing on personal freedoms in regards to activities such as data mining? 2. Are people prepared to give up certain civil rights in order to assure safety in the new age of terrorism? 3. Is the government being completely open about the various programs that are being used under the “drift net?” 4. What is actual definition of the “targeted” part of society that is being observed and tracked? 5. Should the government be able to “mine” personal data such as financial, phone and related records? 6. Does the Patriot Act give too much power to the FBI and related government agencies without judicial oversight? 7. Who is providing checks and balances…

Justice and the Island of Tagg

An unjust law is a rule that a group of people imposes on other persons due to the superiority of the former group while the former faction is not accountable to the same code. Conversely, a just law is one which holds both parties (the ruled and the ruler) responsible for all their actions. According to Dr. Martin Luther King, as is stipulated in his famous The Letter from Birmingham Jail Document, a just law is one that is in line with the laws of God or the moral laws of man (King, Carson, Luker et al 2005). Any government law that tries to compel its people, regardless of their culture, language, or color, to perform unethical things is therefore…

Justice and Injustice in 1950s America

The realization of fairness and justice in the American community has been a long struggle since the nation gained its independence in the late 18th century. Segregation based on race, color, beliefs, political orientation, and nationality of origin were among the common practices in the mid 1900s even long after independence and ratification of the American constitution. There are many people whose influence during the 1950s remains outstanding up to date. One of these is the key players during the case trail, conviction, and execution of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg. According to the available information on the case, the execution of the couple was significantly driven by the influence of the espionage practice propagandas which were widely spread by Senator…

Justice, Crime and Ethics

Justice is mainly concerned with the appropriate ordering of persons and things within the society. Thus when one is aggrieved by another person, he or she is supposed to seek justice to be administered on the person who has violated the rights of the other. Thus the person whose rights are violated is not supposed to take law on his hands and punish the person who has violated his rights but is supposed to seek justice from competent bodies in the land which have the mandate of administering justice. This is very important to the society as it enables the members of the society to live in harmony and to have standard means by which they can seek legal redress…

Law Reflection Question: Law vs. Morality

Plot Summary: John Quincy Archibald’s son Michael collapses while playing baseball as a result of a heart failure. Immediately, John Q rushes Michael to the emergency room for a transplant. Unfortunately, the insurance would not cover his son’s transplant. So in order for Michael’s quick and complete recovery, John takes the emergency room hostage until the doctors agree to get the transplant successfully. Reflection Question: In your reflection essay, you will briefly describe the connection and conflict between Law and Morality – use the text (p.12-15) and class notes to help you. After watching the movie, apply ideas of Law and Morality to the movie plot of ‘John Q’. Also, as part of your essay, state your opinion about which…

I Have a Dream and Dead Man Walking

Throughout human civilisation justice has been a part of society ever since the ancient Greeks with Socrates to the present day. The concept of justice can be broadly interpreted as the quality of being just and fair. However it can be interpreted variously by different people as it is an ambiguous enigma that can never be justified completely. Tim Robbins, producer of Dead Man Walking, explores the ideas of criminal justice by challenging us to shape our own understanding of it. Similarly, Martin Luther King’s I have a dream speech explores social justice by questioning our humanity and proclaiming white Americans as injudicious. The two composers investigate different branches of justice but they both are strong advocates of it. Both…

The Functions and Role of Law in Business and Society

What is the meaning of law? If you were to look up the online meaning of law, most likely you will find this definition: “a body of rules of conduct of binding legal force and effect, prescribed, recognized, and enforced by controlling authority”(The Free Dictionary, 2013). Another way of looking at it is a group of rules of actions enforced by authorized groups of people and deemed for punishment if violated. “The most visible purpose or function of law is to provide for some system of order that defines crème and levies punishment for violation of the crime” (Melvin,2011) Law plays a vital part in everyday function of our society. One would say that law is what separates us from…

Morality & Social Justice-Rubric for Essay

Seven influential moral thinkers hammered just war tradition which has been distilled into seven principles where five of the principles judge whether a decision to go to war is actually justifiable while the other two are a guide to just conduct in waging a war. The principles of a just war include: legitimate authority, just cause, just intent, last resort, reasonable chance of success, principle of discrimination and the principle of proportionality. The Spanish and Portuguese were not justified to go to war with the Guarani but the Guarani were justified to war with the Portuguese and the Spanish. Subjecting the Portuguese and the Spanish to the seven principles of a just war they were not justified to go to…

Environmental Justice and Sustainability

Alex Steffen and Sarah Rich, executive editors of the bright green environmentalist online magazine WorldChanging recently observed that while environmental movements have focused primarily on confronting the ecological injustices that have become a historical trademark of industrialization, it has made little of a name for itself in addressing the social injustice that is also a part of environmental degradation. (Steffen & Rich, 2007) Steffen and Rich remark, “the environmental movement has grown and become known (at least early on) more for its vehement advocacy for whales and rainforests than for disenfranchised citizens” noting that the latter is generally regarded as a concern of other movements related to social justice and civil rights. However, they note that it has become increasingly…

Vigilante Justice

Justice is said to be blind. Perhaps it is due to this maxim that Troy Duffy’s film Boondock Saints is so recognized to explore this concept of blind justice and thereby refute it. The brothers Murphy and Conner in the film receive a calling from God in a jail cell (a place they asked to stay in after their battle with the Russian mafia and a place the Boston police precinct allowed for them to stay in so as to avoid the reporters). The motif of the film is situated in the prayer the brothers say over the evil men they have eliminated it goes as follows, “And Shepherds we shall be For thee, my Lord, for thee. Power hath…

Addressing International Legal and Ethical Issues

The “Addressing International Legal and Ethical Issues” simulation explored the factors one must consider when an American corporation enters an international contractual relationship with a foreign business partner. The issues presented are as follows: What are the issues involved in resolving legal disputes in international transactions? The legal issues involved in resolving legal disputes in international transactions are the selection of which set of laws to follow and the forum used for dispute resolution. Specificity used in writing international contracts provides a clear structure for resolving potential legal issues. When defining the set of laws to follow in an agreement, one’s selection must consider the respective laws and regulations of the countries of origin for both companies as well as…

“A View From the Bridge” by Arthur Miller

Wikipedia says honour is the concept of a direct relation between one’s virtues (or “values”) and their status within society and that justice is the ideal, morally correct state of things and persons. Honour and justice are in fact the two main issues surrounding Arthur Millers A View from the Bridge. We can see these two elements right at the start of the play, with the story of Vinny Bolzano: the boy who betrayed his family and lost his honour within it. Vinny is in fact the perfect example of the connection between justice and love:”The family had an uncle that they were hidin’ in the house, and he snitched to the Immigration [] he had five brothers and the…

Burn Burnings Thesis-Support Essay

In William Faukner’s “Barn Burning”, Sartoris is torn between his loyalty to his family and an inner sense of justice. Between these two factors, Sartoris decides to warn de Spain about the barn due to his grasp on what is right at the age of ten. Sartoris’ sense of justice that compels him to warn de Spain about the barn are portrayed during the trial with Mr. Harris, when they arrive at de Spain’s mansion, and when he breaks free from his mother. At the start of the story, Sartoris is placed in the scenario of lying to the judge about his father burning Mr. Harris’ farm. Sartoris displays great loyalty to his family when the Judge talks to him….

Bentham and Hobbes: Two Theories of Legislation

Thomas Hobbes and Jeremy Bentham were both legal positivists. In an attempt to solve the problem of interpretation, legal positivists conclude that there is only one way to interpret a law. According to Hobbes’ theory of legislation, it is the people who enforce the law that decide what it means. On the other hand, Bentham argues that promulgating the reasons for a law solves the interpretation problem. Both Bentham and Hobbes viewed law somewhat negatively; arguing that the nature of the law is a restraint on liberty. Their two theories differ the most in regards to natural law. In this paper, I will explain both Hobbes’ and Bentham’s theories of legislation and apply them to the Supreme Court Case Marbury…

Aristotle’s concept of justice

In his book The Nichomachean Ethics, Aristotle discusses the concept of justice in Book V. Justice is used with its many different connotations. However, in order to explain the statement that justice can only be found in the laws established by the state I would like to point out the last two types of justice and the notion of equity Aristotle refers to in his book. The first is natural justice, true for everyone, and next to that there is conventional justice which can differ in different societies and there is the notion of equity that works in unusual cases. With understanding these three concepts we can reach to the conclusion that according to Aristotle justice can not only be…

Plato’s Three Parts of The Soul

As the founder of the first university and considered the most powerful thinker in history Plato believed that the soul was made of three parts. The Three Parts of the Soul in Plato’s Republic and Phaedrus are mans Appetite (Black Horse on Left), Spirited (White Horse on Right), and Reason (Charioteer). Each part of the soul has it’s own virtue as well as its own vice. Temperance is the virtue of Appetite, Courage the virtue of Spirit, and Wisdom is the virtue of Reason. It was Plato’s belief that goodness and justice come from the correct balance of the Three Parts of the Soul. We will uncover the perfect balance of the soul According to Plato and how goodness and…

How Important is Discipline in Society?

Among those who work in difficult or dangerous jobs, for example in coal mines, there is often a discipline that comes not from being subject to the will of any person, however rational and well-intentioned, but from the work itself. If it is to be done successfully and with the minimum danger and discomfort to all those engaged in it, certain procedures must be followed and safeguards observed. Since the workers can see that the nature of the work demands this, there is correspondingly less need for discipline to be imposed on them by some other agency. This is an ideal situation, as far as discipline is concerned: where the discipline is inherent in the work or activity, and where…

Justice In “To Kill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee

“…in this country our courts are the great levellers, and in our courts all men are created equal.” Describe and explain how justice and injustice are represented through events and characters in To Kill a Mockingbird. Justice, what is right and fair by all of society’s standards and morals, is represented, along with injustice, through events and characters in To Kill a Mockingbird. “…in this country our courts are the great levellers, and in our courts all men are created equal.” (Atticus, pg227). One type of justice is the legal kind, the kind in our courts, where men are found guilty or innocent. The other is any right or just act. “The one thing that doesn’t abide by majority rule…

DBQ On Hammurabi

Although Hammurabi’s “eye for an eye” law code applied to all members of his society, the greatest amount of equity was reserved for the wealthier patriarchal members of his society. His set of laws was the world’s first code of law, which established Babylon as the dominant city of its time. His code was based on principals, such as the weak should not injure the strong, and that the punishment should fit the crime. By creating the world’s first set of organized laws, Hammurabi constituted a model set of moral codes for other civilizations to duplicate. Like most systems of law, Hammurabi’s style of justice could be divided into a system of classes based on wealth, social status, and gender….

Theory of Justice Analysis

The Theory of Justice Analysis, to talk about theory of justice you need to know what crime analysis is to ensure that the current justice analysis is in place accordingly. Crime analysis is an emerging field in law enforcement; it makes it hard or difficult to determine the focus for the agencies for criminal analysis that are new to this particular field. It is an act to analyze crime; it’s the breaking point where acts committed in violation of law. Crime Analysis is a set of systematic, analytical process directed at providing timely and pertinent information relative to crime patterns and trends. The theory of justice analysis is where philosophy and ethics comes into play to deal with fairness. With…

Criminal Justice Process

Generally speaking, the concept of the legal system can often seem very complex, confusing, and intimidating. However, to assist in comprehending the system, the state of Kansas has defined a sequence of events in processing criminal cases where each action encompasses a specific function. Whether it is the police officer who investigates the crime, the prosecutor who must gather the facts for action, the defendant who must obtain a lawyer and prove their case, or the judge and jury who determine the fate of the offender; having a basic understanding of the law is imperative in protecting individual rights. Within this paper I will discuss the Kansas state criminal justice process and the multifaceted decisions that ensure justice is provided…