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John Ogbu Essay Topics & Paper Examples

John Ogbu

Ogbu was an American who attempted to explain ethnic school failure in America, by highly rejecting ability theory in minority child development. He ignored genetic causes but emphasized on culture based explanations. Ogbu found out in his research that academic success and ethnic consciousness were not mutually exclusive within minority child development. In expressing his line of thought, he argued performance among minority is not based on ability, but first, on the ability to distinguish the differences within different kinds of minorities. He identified three kinds of minorities; involuntary, voluntary and autonomous. Involuntary minorities are the minorities incorporated within the society without their will and then relegated to menial status. In America, this group was by then represented by Native…