1. Describe the three major sections of the Jewish bible. Include its estimated date of being written and what is contained in each section. The Hebrew bible is divided into three sections.
The three sections of the Hebrew bible are the Torah (the Teaching), Nevi’im (the Prophets), and Ketuvim (the Writings)(Molloy,2013). These sections are also known as Tanakh or Tanak. The sacred core of the Hebrew Bible is the Torah. The Torah consist of the stories of Adam and Eve, the creation, Hebrew patriarchs and matriarchs, Noah and the Hebrew’s early ancestors (Molloy,2013). Torah also introduces the lawmaker Moses and his brother, the founder of priesthood Aaron. Books in Torah include: Genesis (Bereshit), Exodus (Shemot), Leviticus (Vayiqra), Numbers (Bemidbar)and Deuteronomy (Devarim) (Molloy,2013). The second part of the Tanakh is known as the Prophets. Prophets spoke in God’s name to the Jewish people (Molloy, 2013). Nevi’im focuses on the Israelite kingdom history. The Writings is the third part of the Tanakh. The Writings involves poetry, reflections on life, short stories, proverbs, and hymn (psalm) lyrics (Molloy 2013).
2. Describe the major similarities and differences between the four branches of Judaism (Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, Reconstructionist). How are these four groups distinct from one another?
Orthodox Judaism is also known as traditional Judaism. Othodox Judaism regards social and political positions. Orthodoxy is a subdivision of Judaism dedicated to containg traditional practice and belief (Molloy, 2013). Conservative Judaism accepts change, but practices study and discussion to carefully direct change. Conservative Judaism dates back to Europe. Reform Judaism begin in Germany and focuses on men and women equality in the Judaism. Reconstructionist Judaism is the smallest and newest branch of Judaism (Molloy, 2013). Reconstruc tionism views Judaism as a changing cultural force, with numerous components and manifestations (Molloy, 2013).
Write a 350- to 500-word paper on one of the Jewish holy days. Explain the historical origin, the time of year it is celebrated, important Jewish religious practices associated with the day and any theological or cultural differences in observance of the holy day by various branches of Judaism. Format your response consistent with APA guidelines.
Molloy, M. (2013). Experiencing the world’s religions: Tradition, challenge, and change (6th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.