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Jeremy Bentham Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Outline the important concepts of utilitarianism

The theory of utilitarianism determines the rightness or wrongness of an action by its consequences. This is determined by measuring the amount of pleasure or pain brought to someone caused by an action. Utilitarianism is a teleological theory of ethics, this means that it is concerned with the outcome and the consequences, meaning that an act is not right or wrong in itself but is right or wrong depending on the outcome of said action. The main founder of this theory was Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832). Bentham worked to fight many things during his time such as industrialisation, mass migration and poverty. Utilitarianism is a relativist system – meaning there are no fixed rules, it is also concequentialist – this means…

The Power of Observation

The power of sight and observation are two actions that are generally associated with one another. However, what we fail to acknowledge is that these two actions, although associated with the same sense, have different responsibilities to fulfill. Although seeing is a habitual act we perform the second we open our eyes to when we fall asleep, we are not always observing our surroundings. Observation differs from sight due to the fact that when we observe, we are vividly noticing aspects of something or someone in order to gain information whereas sight is simply the faculty, or driving force, of seeing. We are able to obtain more powerful knowledge if we go about our days observing rather than just living…

The Case of the Speluncean Explorers

The case of the Speluncean explorers The purpose of this essay is to critically analyse one of the five judgments in the case of the Speluncean explorers. There will be three main parts to this essay. First, five key aspects that were evident in the Judge’s decision making process will be summarised. Second, fundamental aspects of legal positivism will be identified and described. Finally, a critique of legal positivism will be provided utilising two main concepts from this theoretical perspective. Chief Justice Truepenny’s decision making process will now be summarised. Trupenny used the following key aspects to make a decision on his judgement on the Case of the Speluncean Explorers. All judges must follow Laws of Commonwealth, which are set…