sample
Haven't found the Essay You Want?
For Only $12.90/page

Iran Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Isfahan, the City of Paradise

Isfahan, Old Persian Aspadana, the capital of Isfahan Province, is the Iran’s third largest city after Tehran and Mashhad. This amazing patch of heaven, which is called by Persians as “half of the world”, has imperishable roots in history, unique pearls in architecture and exquisite paragons of art and handicrafts. As a bright star in the sky of human civilization, the existence of Isfahan can be traced back to the prehistoric periods. Ancient Isfahan was part of the Elamite Empire and it became one of the principal towns of the Median dynasty, when Iranian Medes settled there. Subsequently the province became part of the Achaemenid Empire and after the liberation of Iran from Macedonian occupation it became part of Parthian…

World Civilizations

Alexander the Great. What types of qualities come to mind when you hear that name? An idealistic king? A brutal ant agonizer? Whichever trait you choose to describe Alexander the Great, one thing is for sure: he is one of the most perplexing great figure in out time. Alexander III of Macedon, more commonly referred to as Alexander the Great, was born in Pella, in July 356 B.C.E. At the age of 20 he became the king of Macedonia when his father, Phillip II of Macedon, was assassinated in 336 B.C. Among inheriting a strong kingdom and experienced army from his father, he was also awarded the generalship of Greece. But what was really important to Alexander was pursuing his…

Death and Women in Sadegh Hedayat’s “The Blind Owl”

INTRODUCTION Sadeq Hedayat’s ‘The Blind Owl’ is one of the most important literary works in Persian language. The original Persian text of The Blind Owl, marked “not for sale in Iran,” appeared as a mimeographed publication in India in 1937. It was assumed at the time that Hedayat feared the repressive rule of Reza Shah; he feared especially that with the publication of this work he might have violated the established norms. He was aware that the propagation of a message that focused on the strangulation of the Iranian people, on the denial of individual human rights, and on the need for individual enlightenment would not remain undetected for ever. The central theme of the story is an attempt toward…

Persepolis & Not Without My Daughter

The Iranian revolution of 1979 refers to the overthrowing of the last king of Iran. It was an Islamic revolution which attempted to replace Mohammed Reza Shah, with an Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution. Strong opposition against the Shah showed that the people wanted a religious ruler rather than someone they saw as an American puppet. Many Iranian people would think that the Shah was a ‘capitalist pig’ who ran a corrupt and repressive regime but tried to embrace western style democracy. In saying this, Iran was a very developed and modern nation during the Shah’s reign where students were educated together and westernization took over. The Shah, who was supported by many western…

Iran continues to bravely slam USA and its closest ally, Israel

The news is about the UN decision to invite President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran to the food summit in Rome Italy. It features the reaction of Israel’s President Shimon Peres claiming that Ahmadinejad’s appearance on the summit would distract attention from problems of hunger in the world. The reaction of President Perez stemmed from the statement of Iranian President that Israel was “doomed to go. ” The news also quoted the statement of Rafsanjani, another top official of Iran stating that Iran and other Muslim nations must stop the USA from enslaving Iraqis. Rafsanjani commented that the US-led occupation of Iraq represents a danger to all nations of the region. He said that Washington and Baghdad try to put Iraq…

Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi Analysis

In the book, Persepolis, by Marjane Satrapi, the main character is the author as a young girl growing up in Iran during the Islamic Revolution of 1979. She starts off as an incredibly positive child with enormous faith in herself and her relationship with G-d. Through her experiences, especially when she was in her crucial, early teenage years, she completely loses her faith in G-d and also rebels against her environment. The author wants to show the Western world that there are many people in Iran, like Marjane, that are no different than Westerners. She does this by describing her childhood teenage conflicts with her parents, with oppression and with her faith in G-d, all of which most Western teenagers…

Persepolis Study Guide

Introduction 1. Satrapi is trying to dispel the stereotypical image that all Iranians are fundamentalists, extremists, or terrorists. 2. The author’s two motives for writing the book are to dispel the stereotype and to honor the memory of those who fought for freedom and died. “The Veil” 1. The novel begins in 1979. 2. The two outcomes of the Islamic Revolutions were the shutting down of bilingual schools, and the girls had to wear veils. 3. The children dislike the veil; they don’t understand why they have to use it so they take it off or use it to play. 4. The new regime made boys and girls go to different classes, they were not together anymore. 5. The veil…

Iranian Revolution and Persepolis Booklet Conventions

High and Low cultures are terms given to value the quality of the text. Low culture text is usually the text written for entertainment and pleasure and does not encourage complex reflection and thoughts . Comics are considered as a Low culture and comics and graphic novel are similar to each other but graphic novel are not considered to be Low culture. High culture text is written to encourage complex reflection and thought. High culture are usually full of literary features while low culture has low literary features. Text with high culture also called privileged text and text with low culture is called marginalized . 2- Everyone has his own way of thinking, if three people read a book they…

Iran Country

The Islamic Republic of Iran is a constitutional, theocratic republic in which Shia Muslim clergy and political leaders vetted by the clergy dominate the key power structures. Government legitimacy is based on the twin pillars of popular sovereignty–albeit restricted–and the rule of the supreme leader of the Islamic Revolution. The current supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, was chosen by a directly elected body of religious leaders, the Assembly of Experts, in 1989. Khamenei’s writ dominates the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. He directly controls the armed forces and indirectly controls internal security forces, the judiciary, and other key institutions. The legislative branch is the popularly elected 290seat Islamic Consultative Assembly, or Majlis. The unelected 12member Guardian Council reviews…

Communication Theory

Introduction Media censorship can be described as a practice where speech or other methods of public communication are considered to be harmful and sensitive or not suitable as determined by the government, media companies or other regulating bodies (West & Turner, 2010). Media censorship has been a common practice in the Arab world, and this has been the case due to cultural and religious influence. Several communication theories have been developed by scholars to try and explain media situations in different countries. This paper seeks to investigate the salient features and applicability of the cultivation communication’s theory to film and television censorship in the UAE (West & Turner, 2010). Hypothesis Film and television censorship in the United Arab Emirates is…

Personal Troubles and Public Issues in Persepolis

Marjane Satrapi’s novel Persepolis is an in depth look at Marjane’s child hood in Iran. Throughout the novel Marji faces many public issues which directly relate to her personal troubles. While Marji was growing up she witnessed the relinquishment of the Shah’s regime, The Islamic revolution and the Iraq v Iran war. Her novel covers an eight year span, from the ages six to fourteen. Even though the novel begins when Marji is only six years old she was more politically aware then most modern day adolescents. Marji was extremely young during majority of the events throughout the novel but her age did not stop public issues from directly affecting herself and others around her. While reading Persepolis I was…

Iran-Contra affair

The United States became a child of the enlightenment with the birth of its diplomacy in the modern world with an exceptionalist self perception. Its diplomacy was reinforced with a moral force owing to its messianic tendencies during its initial visions. The goals of the nation were unambiguously articulated in the early works of the States and the Republic. These writings formed the foundation of United States identity, making it stands out among the other nations of the world. By the principles upon which the nation was founded, high levels of integrity were to be observed among its citizens and officials. As such, transparency and accountability were meant to be the guiding principles of all public office holders. The role…

Iran-Contra

The Iran-Contra affair involved US activities in Iran and Nicaragua during the Reagan administration. After the 1979 Islamic revolution, Iran became “stridently anti-American. ” The US severed Diplomatic relations and imposed sanctions (United Sates 3). The Reagan administration (1981-1989) wanted to improve relations with Iran by supporting individuals and groups considered moderate. In Nicaragua, the left-wing Sandinista government, which had also come to power in 1979 “became increasingly anti-American. Accused of aiding left-wing rebels in El Salvador, the Sandinistas “turned toward Cuba and the Soviet Union” for support (United States 3). Reagan, for whom defeating communism was a priority, was sympathetic toward the Contras, or counter-revolutionary insurgents who opposed the Sandinistas. He gave financial aid to the Contras. CIA officers…

Brief History

Iran, or what is formally called as the Islamic Republic of Iran, has a rich culture starting out since 8000 B.C. (Ladjevardian par. 2). The historic trends that transpired since then up to the present has had a lot to do with the political turmoil which the country has experienced. The economy and the culture of Iran were greatly influenced by these changes; wars within and outside the country were also great factors to the country’s history. The beginning of the 20th century had positive changes for Iran after centuries of different dynasties. The Pahlavi Dynasty during the 1920s, which was also the last dynasty to rule Iran, constructed road infrastructures and initiated land reforms; education was also opened for…

Iran Nuclear Program: For Fuel or Weapons

While the United States and many European nations disapprove of Iran’s diplomatic policies, the nation is undeniably powerful. It is a nation that is growing more and more economically and militarily. Today, the country is still at odds with the US and Israel and the conflict between the nations has revived a nuclear threat that is endangering the lives of many innocent people. Iran’s nuclear program is continuing despite various criticisms and interventions done by the United Nations and the US throughout its long history. Iran’s nuclear program started in the 1950s but the pace of the study and application of nuclear technology doubled in 1974 when the Shah established the Atomic Energy Organization. He then immediately began to negotiate…

Iranian Nuclear program

The aim of the report is to collect relevant information about the Iranian nuclear program on various aspects. The comprehensive approach associated with the paper analyzes the topic from the first point. The concerns that are addressed in the paper are the main reasons behind the initiation of the Iranian Nuclear program, the consequences (sanctions) Iran is facing due to its nuclear program, the achievement of the program in terms of nuclear capabilities, the present status of the program, and the apprehensions about the security of the entire Gulf region. These issues have been addressed briefly in the report and if elaborated further can prove to be an all-inclusive study on  the issue. Origin of Iran’s nuclear program Iran initiated…

Iran And Weapons Of Mass Destruction

Iran is a signatory to the international treaties that prohibits production and keeping of weapons of mass destruction. These treaties are; the chemical weapons convection, the biological weapons convention and the nuclear Non-Profiliferation Treaty (NPT). Despite its ratification of these treaties, Iran is currently believed to be possessing weapons of mass destruction. After the Iraq-Iran war in early 1980s, Ayatollah Khomeini resolved to pursue nuclear research after he lost about 100,000 soldiers and civilians due to chemical weapons attacks by the Iraqis. Controversy has surrounded the Iranian nuclear weapons program for decades now. While the country maintains that its uranium enrichment program is solely meant for peaceful purposes and the current international atomic energy agency director general, Yukiya Amano claiming…

U.S. Nuclear non-proliferation policy towards Iran

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) came into force March 05, 1970, with the aims of ensuring that firstly, the five recognized nuclear states (the USA, China, France, the Societ Union and the United Kingdom) did not sell or give nuclear weapons to non-nuclear states. , The second pillar requires signatories to deliberately solidify international trust and relieve tensions between states. Thirdly, the treaty discourages non-nuclear states from developing nuclear weapons but allows them to import and develop neclear technology for civilian purposes. Since 1970, other states have joined the nuclear ranks, whether openly or secretly. These include India, Pakistan, North Korea, Israel and Iran. The U. S. foreign nuclear non-proliferation policy towards Iran has failed badly. The primary…

Celta Focus on the Learner

Learner Profile I interviewed ******** an Iranian 31 year old female student in the Level I class. ****’s native language is Persian (Farsi). **** came to England a year ago to join her Iranian husband who has been living and working in England for the past 5 years. At present they have no children. She has only been attending class at college for a few weeks where she is also taking a class in mathematics in order to learn the correct English terminology. **** is an enthusiastic and highly motivated student who arrives at class early and contributes throughout the lesson. Her main motivation for learning English is that she wishes to go to University to study for a degree…

Iran-Contra affair

The Iran-Contra affair was a US scandal that occurred in the mid 1980s under the leadership of President Ronald Reagan and vice president George bush. The scandal majorly involved two events. First, there was the sale of US arms to one of its main enemies, Iran and then the millions of dollars in profits derived from the arms deal were used to finance a clandestine operation rejected by congress, the financing of Nicaraguan guerrillas named the Contra. The Contra guerillas were opponents of the Nicaraguan’s Sandinista rebels who came to power after overthrowing Anastasio Somoza, the then leader of Nicaragua in the year 1979. The idea was to secure the release of American hostages held by the Hezbollah terrorists. This…

Elections, Political Parties, and Civil Society in Authoritarian Regimes

Within many Authoritarian Regimes, the conditions are very similar and the political participation becomes severely limited. The following essay will attempt to briefly capture a few key characteristics of two countries in terms of elections, political parties, and the role of civil societies within the state. The two countries that I will be discussing are Iran and China. First of all, after reading page 80-81 in our Comparative Politics textbook written by Carol Ann Drogus and Stephen Orvis, it soon became clear to me that Authoritarian Regime structuring has a heavy political saliency in terms of elections, political parties, and the role of civil societies. It seems that if elections even manage to exist in an authoritarian regime, they do…

Everyone responds to conflict according to their values

People react to conflict due to their values. In the novel ‘Every Man In This Village Is a Liar’ Megan Stack has allies who make an oath to protect her at all cost. A person’s values may also include, they would never physically hurt another person and they are against it then in times of conflict due to their values despite whether it is a physical conflict or something else they wouldn’t resort to physical harm. Another major conflict issue is honestly within war and everyday life. Stack is offered protection for when entering The Middle East by her friend Zaman because Stack will be experiencing a lot of external conflict upon entering Afghanistan. “He was solemn. “I take your…

The Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Safavid and Mughal Empires

The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires were forces to be reckoned with back in the day. Being powerful entities, their rise was paved with military prowess, religious tolerance, and having meritocratic systems, though this is not always the case. Their fall, however, was the result of their treatment of peasants, a plague of horrid rulers, and shortsighted economic handling. The Ottomans were blessed for forty-six years with one of the greatest rulers of the thirteenth century – Suleiman the Magnificent. Suleiman brought the Ottoman Empire into a Golden Age, where architecture, literature, art, theology, and philosophy flourished. Being one of the few empires in the 1500’s to have a meritocratic system, everyone in Suleiman’s court was prudently and cautiously chosen…

Iran Contra Affair

In 1979, an Iranian government supported terrorist group overtook the US embassy. They captured 52 people. In an order to obtain the release of the American hostages being held in Lebanon, The Reagan Administration secretly began to sell weapons to Iran. This went against an American ban on arms sales to Iran, which had been in affect since the embassy had been seized. (Corrigan 40-41) These deals were arranged through Robert McFarlane, who was the head of the National Security Council. One of McFarlane’s main staff members was Marine Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North. McFarlane gave North the responsibility of handling the details of the deal and told him not to send anything to Iran until the hostages had been released….

Highlight on Nations Hostile to the United States: Outlook in Iran and North Korea

The proliferation of nuclear weapons combined with anti-American sentiment in government and rogue groups in Iran and North Korea certainly give rise for concern in the United States’ government’s dealing with these countries. The nature of these hostilities must be uncovered in order to proceed with understanding how these sentiments arose historically, culturally, and as a potential part of religiosity. Certainly the political regimes of both countries have their similarities in the propaganda that is portrayed to each country’s citizens respectively. However, groups like Hezbollah in Iran certainly make this country unique, considering the rogue nature of this group as well as the religious underpinnings that help to support it and it’s militancy. However, North Korea is unlike Iran in…

The disadvantages of internet

The Internet is part of our lives today and becoming an inevitable part for most of us. There are certainly many benefits it offers and drawbacks people might abuse. in this essay I shall elaborate these two things as follows. The benefits of Internet is unthinkable for lay people. The most significant advantage Internet can purvey is that it becomes a library that, perhaps. the most extensive, the cheapest, and the quickest people can afford. For example, people can use the Internet for any kind of information and knowledge they need such as gender relationship in secluded country like Iran without going there physically. Another instance is that a student living in Amazon jungle can learn how to make American…

The causes for the failure of White Revolution

Introduction The circumstances of the events between the years 1960 and 1963 are considered as the background and basis for the proclamation of the White Revolution. The general atmosphere of political uncertainty and poor economic prospects reduced domestic saving and investment. Thus the inflationary pressure continued and the cost of living rose day by day. In addition the Iranian economic situation was conditioned by the political conflict. In 1960, one of the most important events was the election of the twentieth Majles. The two parties that the Shah created, the Melliun (Nationalist Party) and the Mardom (People Party) were rivals. Under U.S. pressure, the Shah allowed independent Second National Front candidates to enter the race. Despite the promise of the…

Why Do Sunnis (Taliban) Hate Shias

Taliban – the world’s most extreme and radical Islamic organization that inspires fascination, controversy, and especially fear in both the Muslim world and the West – has been brought into sharp focus in Ahmed Rashid’s book “Taliban”. This enormously insightful book gives an account of Taliban’s rise to power, its impact on Afghanistan and the Central Asian region. The book also analyzes the wider regional and geopolitical implications of the Taliban’s advent to power and the role that Taliban has to play in oil and gas companies decisions. The author also discusses about the changing attitudes of various countries like America and Saudi Arabia towards Taliban and its effects on Afghanistan. The word Taliban has been derived from the term…

Does Alexander the Great deserve to be called ‘the Great’?

The greatness of Alexander III, as he was originally, has been disputed in the past. His legend has survived for thousands of years, and his name is well-known, but just how great was he? In answering this question it is necessary to define the terms ‘deserve’ and ‘great’. For these purposes, to deserve will mean to be worthy of. Great has many meanings, and will be defined as: important; grand; distinguished; remarkable in ability or character; competent; or above what is normal, with implied admiration. Alexander, son of Philip, the king of the Macedonians, was more than most men. His achievements were admirable, and his success brilliant. His accomplishments were grand, momentous and distinguished, having huge impact on the history…

Islamic Art and Architecture; Influence and Effects

Introduction During the reign of the Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughal rulers, architecture and art took on more meaning than it had in the past. The types of architecture and manuscript writing have had both symbolic significance and influence on the people of these empires. The architecture can be said to have had the greatest impact on the presence of power and devotion to Islamic arts of all of the empires, while manuscripts were held privately until trends influenced their spread over greater distances and people. The Ottomans, in their quest to expand their lands and influence, conquered Constantinople in 1453, which sparked a major period of construction in the new capital of the Ottoman Empire. This large building initiative took…