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Intro to Psych Practice eMultiple Choice Essay

A)Louie, who is excessively anxious about his health and his job, even though there is no concrete reason for it.
B)Ruth, who refuses to eat in front of others for fear her hand will shake. C)Lauren, who has incapacitating attacks of anxiety that come on her suddenly causing problems with breathing D)Juliana, who gets hysterical when a dog approaches her.

4) Panic disorder, phobias, and obsessive-compulsive disorder are types of A)somatoform disorders
B)dissociative disorders.
C)anxiety disorders.
D)mood disorders.

5)A person’s tendency to intervene in an emergency situation is influenced by all of the following factors EXCEPT MAY POP UP ON EXAM NOT IN NOTES IN TXT
A)the behaviour of the other people who are present.
B)that person’s knowledge of what to do.
C)how obvious the emergency is.
D)the number of other people present.

6) The primary symptom of dissociative amnesia is:
A)loss of well-practiced motor skills.
B)sudden inability to recall personal information.
C)an inability to remember facts and information learned in school. D)repeated out-of-body experiences.

7)The formation of separate personalities in the dissociative identity disorder is thought to be a way of: A)coping with intolerable abuse.
B)hiding the true nature of an illness.
C)avoiding the responsibility of adulthood.
D)adjusting to extreme social isolation.

8)Informal rules that define expected and appropriate actions in specific situations are called social __________ .
A)norms
B)rules
C)expectancies
D)laws
E)mores

9)If you live in an apartment complex, you are most likely to form a friendship with the person living A)two doors away.
B)three doors away.
C)immediately below you.
D)next door. (PHYSICAL APPROXIMATE, DISTANCE)
E)immediately above you.

10) Marianne suffers from schizophrenia, and she engages in strange behaviours as she walks about town, including yelling at people in cars and carrying her fist in the air. These symptoms would be called:

A)positive symptoms.
B)negative symptoms.
C)delusions.
D)flatness of affect.

11)Angela is a vegetarian who works in a local fast-food restaurant whose main fare is burgers and dogs. Although she feels that working at the restaurant is a bit of a contradiction, she says that vegetarianism is not the central belief system of her life and supporting herself is more important. In this example, Angela

A)reduced dissonance by reducing the importance of one of the dissonant elements. B)reduced dissonance by changing one of the dissonant elements. C)probably never experienced any cognitive dissonance.

D)maintained dissonance by justifying her behavior.

12)Research on the cognitive style of depressed persons indicates that they: A)use rationalization to make themselves feel better about their failures. B)give themselves the benefit of the doubt after failures or disappointments. C)see their failures as primarily due to bad luck and extenuating circumstances. D)attribute their failures to their own physical, mental, and moral inadequacies.

13)Which of the following does not describe people with antisocial personality disorder? A)irresponsible
B)selfish
C)seldom feels guilt
D)fears punishment

14)The tendency to apply dispositional rather than situational attributions
to explain other people’s behaviour is called the (internal/external?)
A)false consensus error.
B)discounting rule.
C)fundamental attribution error.
D)consensus principle.
E)covariation rule.

15)Which of the following biases seems to stem from a desire to protect our self-esteem and “look good” in the eyes of others?
A)fundamental attribution
B)false consensus
C)self-serving (review it if you didn’t know)
D)priming

16) One view of how prejudice arises and is sustained suggests that the thinking processes we use to simplify, categorize, and order our world are the same processes by which we distort it. This view is the:

A)cognition theory.
B)realistic conflict theory.
C)cognitive discrimination theory.
D)reverse discrimination theory.

17)The __________ component of an attitude involves our feelings toward a particular issue.
A)attributional
B)behavioural
C)dispositional
D)cognitive
E) affective (feelings=affect)

18)A person who has an excessive and irrational fear of situations in which he or she will be observed by others is called

A)simple phobia.
B)social phobia.
C)ochlophobia.
D)monophobia.
E)agoraphobia. (review definition of types of phobias)

19)Neil is going to see a therapist for his anxiety attacks. The therapist spends the session discussing with Neil his negative thinking about himself and his abilities. The therapist attempts to have Neill replace his negative thoughts with rational, positive one. Which of the following perspectives is the therapist using? (WANTS TO CHANGE THOUGHTS=COGNITION)

A)the humanistic perspective
B)the learning perspective
C)the biological perspective
D)the cognitive perspective

20)One must have a medical degree to become:
A)a clinical psychologist.
B)a psychoanalyst.
C)a psychiatrist.
D)a clinical psychologist, a psychoanalyst, or a psychiatrist

21)Research has found stress may be a predictor in which disorder (s):

A)Conversion Disorder
B)Mood Disorders (stress is related)
C)Schizophrenia (stress is related)
D)Both B) and C)

22)Kim has always been jealous of her sister. This has been a source of anxiety and hostility for her. During the course of her psychoanalysis therapy she begins to feel jealous of her therapist, Dr. Angst. This is an example of:

A)Resistance
B)Interpretation
C)Transference
D)Free Association

23)Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI’s) treat: SEROTONIN=DEPRESSION

A)Schizophrenia
B)Bi-Polar
C)Depression
D)Anxiety

26)In approach/avoidance conflict one must make a :
A)Choice between 2 attractive goals
B)Choice between 2 unattractive goals
C)Choice between a goal that has both attractive and unattractive aspects D)None of the above

27)What is NOT a characteristic of Type A personality:
A)Competitiveness
B)Patience
C)Anger
D)Sense of urgency

28)Which personality variable(s) have been associated with effective coping of stress A)Conscientiousness
B)Independence
C)Optimism
D)Both A and C are correct


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