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Intelligence quotient Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Intelligence Quotient

Intelligence quotient (IQ) is a term that describes a measurement related to age and is derived by “dividing the mental age by the actual age and multiplying the result by 100” (Cattell, 1987, p. 7; Carter, 2007). According to research, the IQ scores are correlated with the variables of academic performance and ethnic, social, and economic characteristics of the individuals (Giddens, 2006). Likewise, there are also authors who argue that heredity is an important factor in the outcome of IQ tests (Giddens, 2006). Intelligence quotient rose from the attempts of psychologists in the 20th century to quantify the concept of human intelligence (Heilbron, 2003). Alfred Binet, a psychologist appointed by the French government to formulate a distinct program for children…