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Indo-European languages Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Linguistics and Language

Grimm’s law (also known as the First Germanic Sound Shift or the Rask’s-Grimm’s rule), named for Jacob Grimm, is a set of statements describing the inherited Proto-Indo-European (PIE) stops as they developed in Proto-Germanic (PGmc, the common ancestor of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European family) in the 1st millennium BC. It establishes a set of regular correspondences between early Germanic stops and fricatives and the stop consonants of certain other centum Indo-European languages (Grimm used mostly Latin and Greek for illustration). As it is presently formulated, Grimm’s Law consists of three parts, which must be thought of as three consecutive phases in the sense of a chain shift:[1] 1. Proto-Indo-European voiceless stops change into voiceless fricatives. 2. Proto-Indo-European voiced…