Since the second world war a new pavilion has been opened in the field of Science and technology-it is space adventure; a result of cold war development. Informer Soviet Union has led the path followed by U. S. A. There after few other countries have participated in this space competition. Through late in starting India has gained a respectable position in this elite group, by sending ‘Aryabhatta’, India’s first artificial satellite into, the space orbit on 9th April, 1975, from Soviet cosmo drome. The process of India space journey has it’s origin lying with the establishment of Department of Atomic Energy long back in 1950.
But we have our true stepping stone with the foundation of ISRO(Indian Space Return Organisation) under the chairmanship of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai in 1969 with an objective to provide guideline , formulate policies and monitor the implementation of National policies. It has gained lively peace/place with the organization ‘space comision’ It provides inspiration of development of indigenous technology to build up satellite and launch vehicles on it’s own. After ‘Arybhatta’ we have ‘Bhaskara I’ developed and sent with the help of USSR.
But our self efficiency in this field has proved with development of ‘Rohini’ series of satellites ‘Rohini –IB’ sent in space on 16th july ,1980 from Sriharikota, was boarded on ‘SLV-III’ first indigenously built launch vehicle. It was followed by ‘Rohini II’ on 31st May , 1981 and ‘Rohini III’ on 17th April, 1983 . This series served a lot with the information of weather , telecommunication and geographical features of our country and it’s surroundings. In the meanwhile ‘Bhaskara II’ was set in the Geo-Stationary orbit on 28th November , 1981.
As we are improving we feel wanting in high loading launch vehicle as SLV has the highest capacity of carrying 500kg. This need leads to development of PSLV(Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) and GSLV (Geo Synchonous Satellite Launch Vehicle ) . The achievement really put us in the group of front runners in space work like USA, Russia, France, Japan and China. Unfortunetly our first effort with PSLV failed in 1987. Main-while the successful space journey by Rakesh Sharma, a Squadon leader on 3rd April 1984 has took to be great boost in space research and technology for us.
But the greatest success is certainly the launching of INSAT series satellite. The first one of it was sent from Kaurau from French Guyana boarded on Euro Launch Vehicle System followed by ‘INSAT-IB’ on 30th August 1983, ‘INSAT-IC’ ON 22ND July, 1988. The effortless launchingof later one by PSLV has given the status as same as USA and Russia along with European Union and we can proudly declare , we can compete with the teo best countries USA and Russia as we are able to sent and land safely on the land peace , the moon.
Chandrayan-I’ which was announced by ex-prime minister Atal Bihari Bajpayee. On Independence day 2003 was finally taken place with success on 22nd October, 2008. It has sent a number of valuable documents, slides relating the atmosphere ,surface etc of the moon. The scientist expect new discovery about the moon from those documents . The elated chairman of ISRO, Dr. Madhavan Rao has announced the next mission to mars by 2015. This glorious history which certainly move us to the top of the world again and we will take the leading role in human civilization.