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Immune system Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Laughter Is the Best Medicine

I. Introduction A. Humour has good healing power and it is good for you. B. Dr. Lee Berk and fellow researcher Dr. Stanley Tan of Loma Linda University in California have been studying the effects of laughter on the immune system. C. To date their published studies have shown that laughing lowers blood pressure, reduces stress hormones, increases muscle flexion, and boosts immune function by raising levels of infection-fighting T-cells, disease-fighting proteins called Gamma-interferon and B-cells, which produce disease-destroying antibodies. D. Laughter also triggers the release of endorphins, the body’s natural painkillers, and produces a general sense of well-being. E. Laughter is the best medicine. II. Body A. Laughter activates the Immune System. 1. First sub point a. In their…

The Effects of Hiv/Aids

1.) Introduction. 2.) Discussion. i.) loss of professionals to the effects of HIV and AIDS ii) Funds channeled to combat effects of HIV and AIDS on education in Kenya iii) High dropout rates to the effects of HIV and AIDS on education iv) The introduction of HIV and AIDS as a unit on the Kenyan syllabus v) Stigmatizations caused by the effects of HIV and AIDS on education in Kenya 3.) Conclusion 4.) References INTRODUCTION Our paper will try to tackle on how the HIV and AIDS epidemic has ravaged and significantly had an impact on the education sector by closely looking at a few fields namely; loss of professionals, high dropout rates, stigmatization, Education fund diversion to HIV/AIDS etc….

Fantastic Voyage Battle of the Lung

Good morning everyone! Signing on, India Hornsby with ASAP Health. I will be reporting live inside Mrs. Frizzle. She has been under the weather for about two days now. A bacterium is invading the lower lobe of her right lung. It’s my job to pilot the invasion and do a live report on what I see. I will enter from the right femoral vein and follow a path to the lower lobe of the right lung via the right pulmonary artery. I will be describing the structures that I pass by and through. Once I have reached the lung, I will describe the structures that I see and discuss how the body fights against the invader. After that I will…

Graves Disease

When you think about diseases and disorders that can attack the immune system one of the first ones that might pop into your mind is Graves’ disease. You may not know what it is or how it effects the immune system but you have heard about it, after reading this paper you will have a better understanding of the disease and how it affects your body and your everyday life along with how to manage the disease. Graves’ disease is an immune system disorder that causes hyperthyroidism. There are several things that can cause this but Graves’ disease is the most common. The thyroid hormones influence a number of different body system so signs and symptoms associated with Graves disease…

Immune System and Stress Related Illness

Outline and evaluate research into the relationship between the immune system and Stress-related illness. (12marks) It is suggested that stress can result in immunosuppression which can lead to stress-related illnesses such as Coronary Heart Disease and high blood pressure. Kiecolt and Glaser conducted an experiment to see the effects of stress on the immune system. This was achieved by taking blood samples of 75 medical students one month before and during their examination period. They then compared the two blood samples and found decreased leucocyte activity in the sample taken during high levels of stress (during their exams). This shows that stress reduces the activity of the immune system, making them more susceptible to becoming ill. Advantages of the study…

HIV/AIDS in Human Services

HIV/AIDS is a worldwide pandemic that has ravished the lives of countless millions of people, since its discovery, more than 30 years ago. HIV/AIDS can be addressed through all three models of service delivery. Each of the models (Medical Model, Public Health Model and Human Services Model) may approach this issue differently, but they all have the same central focus; which is to combat this, ever evolving, global phenomenon. The Medical Model is going to address the issue of HIV/AIDS through four elements. First, the Medical Model will indentify symptom that lead to a diagnosis, then treatment of the disease and finally, research for a possible cure (Woodside & McClam, 2011, p. 99). The first element, of symptoms, is a…

Maple Leaf Foods

In the summer of 2008 there was a widespread outbreak of listeriosis linked to deli meats produced in a Maple Leaf Foods, Inc. (Maple Leaf) plant in Toronto, Canada. The outbreak claimed over 20 lives and sickened hundreds. This reaction paper will take a deeper look at the crisis, analyze the company’s response, and address ethical issues related to the case such as responsibility, honesty, and transparency. Similar cases involving recalls made by Menu Foods, Tylenol and Mattel will be discussed as a contrast. Listeriosis is an infection caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. Listeria is a common bacterium found in all sorts of food plants but is dangerous at high levels, especially for adults over fifty, pregnant women, newborns,…

Running Head: Fantastic Voyage

Hang on to your seats as we go on a wondrous adventure through the human body. We are going to start at the right femoral vein and continue on our journey until we exit through the nose. Hope everyone is ready for this fun filled adventure to learn what is located in the body where we are going to journey through. So here we go we start by entering the path of the right femoral vein up to the external iliac then on to the common iliac. Then on into the lung and here are the structures we see in the lung are as follows: Right inferior lobe oblique fissure, right middle lobe, horizontal fissure, right superior lobe, and the…

Jamestown If I Were to Plan It

If I would have planned the Jamestown colony to ensure a good and prosperous start I would have done a couple of things. I would have sent a couple different kinds of people. Also i would have sent them with certain supplies. First they would have to find the location to settle in. They would start a government. Then they would grow. First of all i would have picked people to send out to start the colony. The first kind of people i would have sent to help start the colony were the people that were smart in trade. So that they could help train others and they could survive.Also I would have sent the young people so that they…

Parasitology (Helminthology)

Loa loa is a filarial parasite transmitted by tabanid female flies of the genus Chrysops (C silacea and C dimidiate). The incidence of infection within endemic region of the central and west African rain forest is high with 20-40% of the population being microfilaraemic , and about twice as many habouring adult worms without showing patent microfilaraemia (Dupont et al.,2007). The adult worms actively migrate through subcutaneous tissues at rates of up to 1cm/ min. Female Loa loa measures 50- 70mm in length and 0.5mm in diameter, while the males measures 30 -35mm in length and 0.4mm in diameter. The microfilariae forms, measures 290-300µm by 6-8µm in size. During infection the microfilariae forms are released into the blood stream, where…

Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric Aids Foundation

Every day around the world 900 children become infected with HIV – the vast majority through mother-to-child transmission because their mothers do not have access to the medicine they need to prevent the transmission. This staggering statistic and the global pediatric pandemic is what the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric Aids Foundation are advocates for. Because the serious issue of pediatric aids has touched my in a personal way, I wanted to spotlight the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric Aids Foundation and the woman behind the pioneering efforts to education the world and the strides that continue in her name today to eliminate pediatric HIV/AIDS. The words HIV and AIDS radiates a fear in most people. Imagine being told this was your fate before…

Vitamin D as Hormone

INTRODUCTION: Bioactive vitamin D or calcitriol is a steroid hormone that has long been known for its important role in regulating body levels of calcium and phosphorus, and in mineralization of bone. More recently, it has become clear that receptors for vitamin D are present in a wide variety of cells, and that this hormone has biologic effects which extend far beyond control of mineral metabolism. Vitamin D is thus not a true vitamin, as it can be synthesized in adequate amounts by most mammals exposed to sunlight (cats and dogs cannot synthesize vitamin D and must receive it in their diet). An organic chemical compound (or related set of compounds) is only scientifically called a vitamin when it cannot…

Report on Herbal Medicine

1. Herbal medicine is the oldest form of healthcare known to mankind. Herbs had been used by all cultures throughout history, In 2735 B.C., the Chinese emperor Shen Nong wrote an authoritative treatise on herbs that is still in use today. 2. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 4 billion people, 80% of the world population, presently use herbal medicine for some aspect of primary health care. indeed, about 25% of the prescription drugs dispensed in the United States contain at least one active ingredient derived from plant material. 3. Today, research confirms that the herb boosts the immune system by stimulating the production of disease-fighting white blood cells. 4. WHO notes that of 119 plant-derived pharmaceutical medicines, about…

Sleep Deprivation and Its Effects

Abstract This paper is on the effects of sleep deprivation. The central research question of this paper is: What are the effects, according to recent literature, of sleep deprivation on someone’s health, performance and cognitive functions. Introduction Sleep is the natural recurring state of the absence of consciousness. Sleep assists in growth and regeneration of immune, nervous, skeletal and muscular system. In short, sleep is an important factor to the health and well-being of a person. Performance errors, illnesses and traffic accidents are some of the events that have been related to the lack of sleep. Considering the importance of sleep, how does the sleep deprivation affect someone’s health, performance and cognitive functions? Review of Literature A total of 6…

Early Greek Education

Definition HIV infection is a disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The condition gradually destroys the immune system, which makes it harder for the body to fight infections. Most people infected with HIV eventually develop AIDS. These individuals mostly die from opportunistic infections or malignancies associated with the progressive failure of the immune system. HIV progresses to AIDS at a variable rate affected by viral, host, and environmental factors; HIV-specific treatment delays this process. Most will progress to AIDS within 10 years of HIV infection: some will have progressed much sooner, and some will take much longer. Treatment with anti-retrovirals increases the life expectancy of people infected with HIV. Even after HIV has progressed to diagnosable AIDS, the…

Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS

This film is another campaign material of the Department of Health to , spread, publicize or publish information on the prevention of Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS.It is based on the story and screenplay by the son of film director Peque Gallaga and a self-confessed HIV positive. He is Wango Gallaga. And it is a digital masterpiece by Neal “Buboy” Tan. This film is about a man named Gil Bustamante played by jake cuenca, He is a young documentary filmmaker. A job assigned to him by department of health to do a documentary about their HIV/AIDS awareness program. Bearing his video cam and an irritable, grumpy and snappy assistant played by candy pangilinan…

Significance of the Studying Camias

Health is one of the main concerns of the country nowadays. Food poisoning and disease caused by these pathogenic bacteria are common.  Due to the fact that bacteria can be found anywhere, and since commercialized antibacterial agents are synthetic, costly and can post health hazards. Making an effective and cheap antibacterial agents Can be utilized which derive from environment friendly materials and can easily found in the community. The potential of Averrhoa Bilimbi also known as Kamias for it’s fruit as a solution that can be easily be found in the community. The focus of making these dishwashing liquid is on the effectiveness of this plant as an effective antibacterial agent. Uses Kamias juice, because of its oxalic acid content,…

Sip Unfinished Sample

Background of the Story Onions are often chopped and used as an ingredient in various hearty warm dishes. Onions, along with many other plants in the Allium species absorb sulphur in the soil. Majority of households here in the Philippines experience irritation of eyes while cutting onions. Onions are common ingredients in cooking so it’s impossible to avoid cutting some. The onion has been used as an ingredient in various dishes for thousands of years by many cultures around the world. World onion production is steadily increasing so that onion is now the second most important horticultural crop after tomatoes. There are many different varieties of onion, red, yellow, white, and green, each with their own unique flavour, from very…

Sleep Deprivation Problem Solution Speech

Sleep deprivation is a major problem, especially among us teenagers. We tend to ignore our body’s needs in order to cram for that test tomorrow or to do some other project that we’ve been putting off. I’m guilty of doing this and I am sure some of you are as well. However, sleep deprivation affects us more than we know. Sleep deprivation usually results in minor consequences, but the has potential to majorly impact your health. Several minor health issues include being more susceptible to cold viruses due to a weakened immune system, feeling fatigued constantly, having headaches from fatigue, and a rise in blood pressure. A hallucination although in itself generally harmless, is a sign that you haven’t slept…

Social Support and Health and Well Being

Social Support is a multidimensional construct which is not unilaterally beneficial i.e. maladaptive vicarious learning; Dependence; Provision of bad advice. It is generally thought that the more social support a person receives the more beneficial upon their health and well-being. Access to appropriate resources may protect the individual from the deleterious effects of stress Martin (1989). Lazarus and Folkman (1984) state all else being equal, morale, health and functional capabilities will be better if support is perceived to be adequate. Levels of social support a person receives have been associated with mental and physical health and well-being. In stressful times, social support helps people reduce psychological distress (e.g., anxiety or depression). Social support has been found to promote psychological adjustment…

Babie’s Nutrition

Is immunity compromised in babies who are formula fed for their first year compared to babies who are breastfed for the first year? Anastasia J. Jorgensen LCC Nursing 165 Is immunity compromised in babies who are formula fed for their first year compared to babies who are breastfed for the first year? Many hospitals are now implementing a “Baby Friendly” environment in their delivery and mother-baby units. This initiative promotes breastfeeding as the priority feeding method to new mothers and leaves formula feeding by the wayside. Is formula feeding hurting these children or all of the children who have been formula fed up to this point? One study suggests that there is a high use of laxatives in formula-fed infants…

Toxoplasma Gondi Infection in Mice

GI (Gastro-Intestinal) inflammation from Toxoplasma gondii and wheat glutens contribute to schizophrenia, autism and bipolar disorder. It has been suggested that GI inflammation, allows natural microbiota and neuroactive exorphins to enter the blood steam, cross the blood brain barrier and attach to the opioid receptors. In this study exposure to Toxoplasma gondii increased anti-gluten IgG in all the mice who were inoculated. The mice were infected in three different ways, IP (injection into the peritoneal cavity), PO (fed food inoculated with the pathogen) and prenatally (injected). When the female mice were Infected IP, they were more likely to die than males. The mock group of females injected IP, had an increased gluten IgGs, while the males did not. The female…

The Effects Stress Has On The Human Body

Stress is very well known for just what it means: STRESS. Its effect on human beings from a local and a global standpoint is far greater than any of us imagine. Stress can overtake one’s body physically, mentally, emotionally, as well as behavioral aspects. This is not something to take lightly. This is actually very serious. If you notice, it’s not just older people that die this day and time with heart attacks, suicide, and things of this nature. People of all ages. Older people, younger people, and even really young people. Children, yes, I said children. Don’t automatically think that stress only affects older people that have lived a longer time. Stress effects everyone, no matter what the age…

Propolis To Be Selected For Winter Promotion

Introduction In coming winter, there will be a special promotion event and a brand of propolis capsules will be selected to present. The aim of this report is to describe the basic information of propolis, show the popularity of propolis and evaluate the advantages and reputation of best seller on market. Firstly the method of research is described, followed by the findings. Then conclusions are drawn and recommendations are made. Methodology Research was conducted to find out the information about propolis. Firstly, table of information about basic information of propolis and research results of evaluation of Comvita Propolis Capsules were conducted by Mr. Tim Burch. Then, websites of two exhibition were visited to get information on Popularity of propolis as…

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis [MS] is a chronic, autoimmune, inflammatory, neurodegenerative condition of the central nervous system [CNS] (Boppanna, Huang, Ito & Dhib-Jalbut, 2011) characterized by demyelination and axonal loss (Chastain, Duncan, Rodgers & Miller, 2011). MS expresses itself in 4 forms: relapsing remitting MS [RRMS], secondary progressive MS [SPMS], primary progressive MS [PPMS], and progressive relapsing MS [PRMS] (Boppanna, Huang, Ito & Dhib-Jalbut, 2011). MS affects 0. per cent of the world’s population (Chastain, Duncan, Rodgers & Miller, 2011), occurring 2- and 2. 5-fold more frequently in women than in men, having an incidence range of post-pubertal teenagers to adults in their 50’s (Calabresi, 2011). The exact cause of MS is unknown (Boppanna, Huang, Ito & Dhib-Jalbut, 2011; Chastain, Duncan, Rodgers…

The Diagnosis Of The Diabetes

Assess the difficulties involved in the diagnosis of the diabetes type 2 M1: Assess possible difficulties involved in the diagnosis of the disorders from their signs and symptoms. There can be difficulties when diagnosing disorders because many signs and symptoms are similar to other disorder which is why doctors have to be thorough when making diagnosis so that they don’t miss any signs and get it mixed up with another disorders. When diagnosing coronary heart disease the signs and symptoms can be similar to other disorders in the cardiovascular system such as an aortic aneurysm. The signs and symptoms of aortic aneurysm include pain in your back, jaw, chest and neck aortic aneurysm which is the similar pain to diagnosing…

Chick Growth Enhancer

ABSTRACT The study is entitled “Aloe Vera as Chick Growth Enhancer”. Specifically, it sought to find out the efficacy of Aloe Vera as a growth enhancer in broiler chicks. The study aims to produce a low-priced but high quality growth enhancer by using Aloe Vera as a main component. Twenty-one day old straight run broiler chicks were used in the study and were distributed to a cage with a dimension of (33 x 57). The cage was further subdivided into two cages for the different treatments with two birds per cage. Fresh leaves of Aloe Vera were then extracted, 5ml per liter of water. Feeding troughs and waters were also provided for each cage. The set up was composed of…

Infectious Diseases

#4.) What is the rationale for suggesting a lack of strenuous physical activity to a patient with an EBV infection? When an individual has an EBV infection, they will (most likely) also have an enlarged spleen and inflamed liver. Avoiding physical activity for about four to five weeks after diagnosis is insisted on to prevent a spleen rupture. The spleen will already be more sensitive within this state of the infection, and rupturing it can be fatal. Reference: http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Epstein+barr+virus+mononucleosis #5.) What innate and acquired protective mechanisms should have been elicited in response to Blake’s viral infection? For the case of the EBV, a person’s innate immunity in a way preps for acquired (adaptive) immunity. Innate: Once the virus’ DNAs and…

HIV Diagnosis

Because a new HIV diagnosis can be stressful to an individual, it is not only important to seek follow-up care from a medical standpoint, but from a mental and spiritual standpoint as well. Some follow-up recommendations may include: 1. Prompt medical treatment for initiation of antiretroviral medications, appropriate vaccine administration 2. Continuation of medical care including taking prescribed medication, even when not symptomatic. 3. Education regarding changes in behaviors to reduce risk of transmission to others. 4. Referrals to behavioral and psychological services to assist with emotional needs as well as assistance with coping strategies to deal with the many changes that accompany the diagnosis. 5. Encouragement to seek spiritual care and companionship. 6. Education regarding reproductive choices and contraceptive…

Epidemiology Paper

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that only affects humans, HIV weakens your immune system by destroying the cells that fight and kill disease and infections. HIV reproduces by taking over cells in the host’s body and multiplying, with most viruses over time the immune system can rid the body of the present virus, with HIV the immune system is incapable of doing this, therefore it is a virus that will always be present once infected. HIV is spread through bodily fluids such as blood, seamen, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. In order for HIV to be transmitted via bodily fluids it “must come into contact with a mucous membrane or damaged tissue or be directly injected…