There are mix beliefs on how to see and define illusions and disillusions. Some scholars, more particularly those who are oriented in a Freudian school of thought (i. e psychoanalysis) had tried to root out these kind of phenomena through the repressed ideas and desires of the individual. On the other hand, recent researchers most especially those who are schooled in neurology and neuro-psychiatry treat illusions and disillusion as a mental disease or physical problem of an individual. However, recent development in the definition of the said phenomena had tried to reconcile the contrasting schools of thought.
Rather than seeing them as exclusively different, some scholars will try to perceive these two views as related. The science of brain anatomy can explain what is happening in the brain with the physical manifestation of the disease or the disorder. It can able to explain the particular actions and reactions of each part of the brain. On the other hand, it does not necessarily explain the cause of the disorder. In this respect, the Freudian approach is capable of explaining the roots and the cause of the disease or the disorder through its explanation using the childhood history of the patient.
In this respect, it is difficult to categorize illusions and disillusions as either a psychological disorder or a mental disorder. It is possible that it is both, sharing both the characteristics of the two categories. In any way, both of the school of thought offer us something in common, that there is an abnormality in the individual that we must take in to consideration By using Freud’s framework, it is necessary for anyone to take in to consideration the history of the individual. This implies that the history of a person has a great deal of importance in questioning illusions.
First of all, it is vital for us to differentiate the two approaches in seeing history – the collective and the personal history. The collective history is the overall experiences of a particular period of time wherein the individual participated or lived. Within the collective history of the individual is the collection of events, tragedies, successes, discoveries that his/her era had witnessed. On the other hand, personal history is simply his/her own experiences that are distinct to him/her. Most of the time, it is considered as more ‘trivial’ matter when perceived and compared from the collective history.
Nevertheless, despite the trivial characteristic of personal history when compared to collective history, it can never discount the role that personal history plays on the attitude and behavior of the individual. As collective history shaped the paradigm and world view of a person, unique or personal experiences also have an important role played in building or corrupting the person. Paolo Coelho Arguably, one of the best example of a person who was disillusioned is Paolo Coelho, an internationally acclaimed author.
In his youth, he was brought to a mental institution by his parents due to symptoms of being a psychotic. His withdrawal from the world and introversion had convinced his parents to confine him to a mental institution. Paolo is convinced that his thoughts and ideas is not worth mentioning to his parents or other people of his time since they will not understand him. Paolo even mentioned, “I will never be understood by my own generation. ” He has an illusion to himself that his ideas and observation will never be understood by other people.
As Paolo Coelho was disillusioned from his belief that he will never be understood by other people, that his ideas can never be appreciated by the people of his own generation, he decided to write and publish books. Though the fear remains that his ideas and work will never be appreciated, history had shown us that Coelho’s books with its profound and splendid ideas continues to attract a wide number of readers. Today, Paolo Coelho is regarded as the best selling author in the world, above other authors such as Grisham, Rowlings and Clancy. Paolo Coelho continues to inspire individuals around the world with his inspirational ideas.
Coelho continues to leave a trace to his readers about the existence of a divine being that is guiding human actions. Coelho’s books had been translated to 59 languages. Coelho is one of the best proof of a disillusioned man who managed to bring a great impact to a large number of people after being disillusioned. Paul of Tarsus Aside from Paolo Coelho who clearly shown us how his disillusionment had inspire millions of people around the globe, another notable personality who had shown the same phenomena is the famous biblical and historical figure, Saint Paul of Tarsus.
Prior to his disillusionment, Paul was an active attacker of the believers of Christ. He openly and violently persecuted those who believe in Christ. However, as the vision of Christ had been revealed to him in his road to Damascus, he become disillusioned about his maltreatment of the Christians. After his conversion, he dedicated the rest of his life in preaching and spreading the words of Jesus. Paul had influenced dramatically the teachings of the church. He is even regarded with the same role as Peter in the church.
Conclusion Our example above had clearly shown us the importance of defeating one’s illusions. Illusions, being one’s irrational beliefs, images or desire have the capability to limit a person and ruin his or her life. It is common for people who are experiencing illusions to be stacked in their own world and be inconsiderate to the feeling of other people. From these reasons alone, it is necessary for anyone to defeat his or her illusions. The question is how, the following are the measures one could consider in defeating his or her illusions.
The first one is the consideration of other people in your world view. By putting other people in the equation, there is a great chance that your perception on the world will change. Ask yourself, “Are you hurting someone or somebody with the way you act or think? ” When you ask this simple question to yourself, you will start to question your illusions. Because if your illusions are real, you will ask yourself why it is capable of the feelings of the people around you. Another thing to take in mind is the number of people who acknowledge your beliefs or illusions.
If you are the only one who is believing to that particular thing and other people tend to deny or disregard, there is great chance that you are wrong (though it is not automatic). As soon as you acknowledge that you are the only one who believe it, try to objectively see yourself and assess your beliefs and ask yourself why you are the only one who is believing it. In case that there are other people who are supporting you, it is not automatic that your believes are true. Try to assess and objectively see who are your supporters. Having supporters to your believes does not automatically means that you are correct.
Ask yourself, “are these people reliable or are they trustworthy? ” As soon as you saw your supporters and believers in the right light, you are in a better view point in categorizing your beliefs as either illusion or reality. Lastly, don’t forget to ask for the help of a professional. No one can discount the support and help of a trustworthy professional who can see your case in an objective light. These people had years of experience with this kind of situation. They can easily assess whether you are living in a dream world or reality. Follow their advice, for sure they have something to offer for the remedy of your situation.
On another note, it is also important to tackle what should we do if we encounter a disillusioned person who just remedy his or her self from the illusions. First of all, it is important to treat the said person normally as how we will treat him or her if he or she has no history of illusions. Living with his or her past, continuously mentioning the past history or experiences will not allow him or her to move on. His recovery will only be made possible if and only if the community and the people around him will be able to help him to recover.