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Hypertension Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Diet & Hypertension

Hypertension or High Blood Pressure, as it is commonly called, is a condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is chronically elevated. With each heart beat, heart pumps blood through the arteries to the body. Blood pressure is the pressure or force with which blood is pushed against the walls of the blood vessels. If the pressure is too high, the heart has to pump harder which in turn can damage the body organ and cause illnesses like stroke, heart attack, heart failure, or renal failure. Hypertension in India is emerging as a major health problem, that is more prevalent in urban than in rural India. Normal blood pressure is below 120/80, where 120 represents systolic measure (highest…

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects women and causes them to have an imbalance of hormones (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, 2012). According to Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) – Topic Overview (2005-2012), “It can cause problems with your periods and make it difficult to get pregnant. PCOS may also cause unwanted changes in the way you look. If it is not treated, over time it can lead to serious health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease” (para. 1). PCOS is very common and affects 1 out of 15 women (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) – Topic Overview, 2005-2012). About Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (2012), reports that: “PCOS has been recognized and diagnosed for seventy-five years. There are many signs and…

Hypertension in the South Side

The population of the Southside Neighborhood in Chattanooga, Tennessee is roughly six hundred and seventy three people. The races residing in this community are blacks, Hispanic, native Hawaiian and other races. The black community is the largest followed by the Hispanic community. In the population of this community, the males are three hundred and eighty while the females are two hundred and ninety three. In addition to this, in this community, about two hundred and fifty people have hypertension. The people with high blood pressure are mostly the African American adults and the old people as well as people from the Hispanic background. Literature Review Hypertension or high blood pressure basically means high tension or pressure in the arteries. Arteries…

Congestive Heart Failure

Abstract The prevalence of congestive heart failure is on the increase both in the United States and all over the world, and it is the leading cause of hospitalization in the elderly population. Congestive heart failure is a progressive disease generally seen in the elderly, which if not properly managed, can lead to repeated hospital admissions or death. Heart failure means that the heart muscle is weakened. A weakened heart muscle may not be strong enough to pump an adequate amount of blood out of its chambers. To compensate for its diminished pumping capacity, the heart may enlarge. Commonly, the heart’s pumping inefficiency causes a buildup of blood in the lungs, a condition called pulmonary congestion. Prevalence Congestive heart failure…

Cause and Effect Essay Example

What is the leading cause of death in the U.S.? Many people would guess cancer, but they would be wrong. The leading cause of death over the past few years has been heart disease. Last year, heart diseases claimed the lives of more than 600,000 Americans. The most common of these is acute myocardial infarction, better known as a heart attack. Each year, about 720,000 Americans suffer from a heart attack. That averages to almost two thousand heart attack cases a day! So why are there so many heart attacks? The answer is simple: by eating unhealthily, not exercising, and smoking, millions of people put themselves at risk of suffering a heart attack. One of the main causes of a…

Indicator and Determinants of High Blood Pressure

This paper implements the indicators and determinants of high blood pressure in men. Many studies have measure the effect of Hypertension among men of different ethnical and socio-economic backgrounds. Socioeconomic is one major determinant which influences high blood pressure in men. High blood pressure is a major illness in the human population, especially among men. High blood is normally called a “silent killer” due to the fact that there little to no symptoms. Fifty to fifty-eight million people suffer from hypertension with the increasing population being African Americans (John, n. . ). Steven was a 55 year old African American male that came into the hospital with complaints of a severe headache. Patients had no prior history of hypertension but…

The Failure of Health Care Urban America

According to one of the videos which had compared the United States health care system to that of other countries such as France and Canada, we are ranked a whopping 37th in the nation when it comes to our health care system. I think it would be fair to say that that sounds pretty accurate considering that there are 47 million people uninsured in the United States, but that is not something to be proud about. However, if you have money in the United States or are just simply insured, then there is no other country that could possibly provide you with better health care opportunities. Sadly, this is not an option for families like the Banes. When your employers…

The eight vital signs of patient monitoring

Patients admitted to acute hospitals today are sicker than in the past, as they have more complex health problems and are far more likely to become seriously ill during their admission (Ryan et al, 2004). In addition, patients who were once too sick to be operated on are now undergoing complex surgical procedures. This, coupled with the increasing demand for beds, means that ward nurses are often caring for patients who previously would have been cared for in a high-dependency or intensive care unit (Butler-Williams and Cantrill, 2005). Furthermore, system factors such as skill mix, nurse:patient ratios and bed shortages significantly impact on the quality of nursing care delivered in these environments. This challenging situation is further complicated by increasing…

Technology advance

Appeal to common belief, technology advance has made life easier and plays a significant role in almost all fields of human life. The tremendous benefits of technology are very inspiring indeed. However, the dark sides of technology should be also concerned. One of the most critical consequences was the health of human being critically devastated. People around the world had become increasingly glued to electronic gadgets. Moreover, reporting of health issues relevant to overuse of the gadget were increasing annually. We will next look into the health problems that technology addiction had caused and the possible solutions to halt this issue from aggravating. The evolution in digital technology over the past decades had made computer a sophisticated and powerful entertainment…

Studies Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)

Introduction Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has long been considered a disorder which principally affects men in our society; consideration of the occurrence of heart attacks in females, for example, has been largely an afterthought. In the past few years, however, it has become increasingly obvious that this is not a problem limited to males, but that it occurs with great frequency in women. We now know that CVD is the cause of death more than any condition in women over the age of 50, including cancer (1) and in fact is responsible for more than a third of all deaths in women (2). It is estimated that 370,000 women in the United States die from heart disease each year. However, our…

Stroke & Health care

68-year-old gentlemen called Mr Greens, who has suffered a right side ischaemic stroke. He is experiencing weakness in the left side, dysphasia and sporadic periods of unconsciousness and has been admitted to the medical ward. Nursing care will be explained over the first 48 hours of Mr Greens’ care with evidence-based rationales from academic sources. The integration of the multidisciplinary team will show the importance of ongoing treatment and rehabilitation of Mr Greens. INTRODUCTION: An ischaemic stroke, also known as CVA-cerebrovascular accident (Smeltzer et al 2008, p.2206) or a brain attack (Swearington 2008, p.349) occurs when blood flow to the brain is blocked and oxygen supply is interrupted (Swearington 2008, p.349). There are five types of ischaemic stroke (Smelzter et…

Metabolic syndrome

  Metabolic syndrome is an emerging diagnosis in the medical field that has effects on patient care. Becoming familiar with it and having it become a common part of patient care will, if used appropriately will increase the lives of those who have become affected with or are at risk of becoming diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a constellation of risks factors of metabolic origin that are accompanied by the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. There are five major factors to look for; out of these five a person only needs three to be diagnosis with metabolic syndrome. They are obesity, mainly that of the waistline, insulin resistance, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and systemic inflammation. Once…

Health History and Examination

Neurological System (headaches, head injuries, dizziness, convulsions, tremors, weakness, numbness, tingling, difficulty speaking, difficulty swallowing, etc., medications): Patient is alert, awake and oriented. Denies headaches, head injuries, dizziness, seizures, tremors, migraine, difficulty in speech and swallowing. No history of falls. Patient does mention that he has numbness and tingling of fingers and toes occasionally. Takes Gabapentin 100mg orally three times a day. Head and Neck (pain, headaches, head/neck injury, neck pain, lumps/swelling, surgeries on head/neck, medications): Patient denies neck or head injuries, denies swelling or lumps on neck and head, Denies neck pain or headaches. Eyes (eye pain, blurred vision, history of crossed eyes, redness/swelling in eyes, watering, tearing, injury/surgery to eye, glaucoma testing, vision test, glasses or contacts, medications):…

The Back Story about Underhills

What happened? Main Characters Roma and Clint Underhill own a succesful real estate company in Desert Palms After a long day they went in their hot tub with some wine It was a 60 degree night Clint had taken some medication prior to going into the hot tub The Back Story Part One Questions 1.) The paramedics found empty wine bottles on the ledge surrounding the hot tub, and the bodies of the Underhills on the bottom of the hot tub. The water of the hot tub seemed way too hot. Both of them have been dead for awhile 2.) Whey was the hot tub so hot? What time did the maid get home? How long were the Underhill’s dead…

Nursing Care Plan of a Patient with Embolic CVA

Summary of Admission History and Progress Notes: 67-year-old male has a history of non-ischemic cardiomyopathy with ejection factor of 24%, chronic left ventricle thrombus on anticoagulant, hypertension, metastasis of prostate cancer, chronic kidney disease stage 3. Patient was admitted to UCSD emergency department on 08/20 after falling down stairs. Patient presented confused but conscious. Upon presentation in the ED he had left face, left arm, and left leg weakness. After MRI and cerebral angiogram, findings were conclusive to a right-sided embolic CVA. Echocardiogram revealed apical ventricular thrombus. Patient presented to ED on Coumadin therapy with INR at 3.1. Patient was not a candidate for thrombolytic therapy. He continued on Coumadin and aspirin 81 milligrams was added. Left-sided weakness resolved within…

Short story examples

Narrative I swiftly glided through the night valley telling myself not to be afraid; without the noises of cars and trucks passing by, I could hear every pound of my heartbeat and every echo of my step. I felt a shiver through my spines as I increased the pace of my footsteps and noticed an increase of the echo——someone was following me! My stomach tightened and my ears buzzed at the thought when I tried to fasten my pace. I ran as fast as I could to escape from the unknown danger until I had my breath at the top of my lungs and my legs started to tremble. Then I finally fell because of the lack of strength. With…

Causes of Obesity

Did you know that the United States is the second fattest country in the world? At least 1 out of 5 American is consider obese. Experts estimate that annually, about 300,000 people die due to this epidemic. This is also the second leading cause of avoidable death in the nation. The leading causes that contribute to obesity are: eating excessively, getting insufficient exercise, and malnutrition. However, there are other secondary causes related to our culture that are not commonly mentioned. Overeating is evidently one of the predominant causes. America is one of the few countries that annually celebrates eating contests. An example of these competitions is the Nathan’s Famous Hot Dog Eating contest, which is held annually on July 4th…

Failures are success

Kidney disease and when you will go in tabular under that mentioned use additional code to specify stage of kidney disesase, from that category you should also need to code One from 4xx series code hypertensive chronic kidney disease, and secondary from 5xx series code . Same with hypertensive cardiac disease. At the same site, code the maximum degree of burn for eg. Second and third degree on arm, code only third degree, if second degree on trunk and third degree on arm, code both according to degree and if u are cding third degree 948 series code also need to be code, which describe total body surface area involved in third degree. PAIN Check guidelines for chronic pain and…

Dementia Care

Dementia is the term used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected (damaged) by certain diseases and conditions (e.g. a stroke), including Alzheimer’s disease. As this is a progressive disease, symptoms can be slowed down, but not cured and will always, gradually get worse. Regardless of the cause of the dementia, as it is the brain cells that are dying, some of the person’s abilities and functions of day to day life will progressively become more difficult. There are five areas of the brain that can be affected by dementia: 1. The Frontal Lobe, affecting behaviour (personal & social), interpretation (not able to problem solve or focus on single tasks), movement and feeling and the inability…

Chronic Renal Failure Case Study

A Nursing Case Study on Chronic Renal Failure In Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements in NCM-102 CRITERIA Introduction and Implications-5% Objective-5% Developmental Data- 5% Physical Assessment-10% History-5% Anatomy and Physiology-5% Pathophysiology-10% Interpretations-5% Drug Studies-5% Nursing Management-20% Health Teachings-5% Format-5% Punctuality-10% Reference-5% _________________ TOTAL: TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction5 Objectives6-7 Patient’s Data8 Health History A.Family History i.Genogram9 ii.Narrative10 B.Past Health History11-12 C.Present History13 Complete Diagnosis14-15 Developmental Data16 Physical Assessment17-22 Anatomy and Physiology of the Urinary System23-32 Pathophysiology A.Diagram33-37 B.Narrative38 Predisposing and Precipitating Factors, Symptomatology and Etiology39-43 Diagnostic Examinations A.Actual Test44-53 B.Other Possible Tests54-55 Drug Studies56-74 Management A.Medical Management i.Actual75-77 ii.Possible77-78 B.Surgical Management i.Actual79-80 ii.Possible80-82 C.Nursing Management i.Nursing Care Plan83-92 ii.Discharge Planning93-95 D.Prognosis96-97 Nursing Implication98 Bibliography99 INTRODUCTION Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each…

Cause and Effects of Sleep Deprivation

Cause and Effect Essay There are many people today who figure out there are not enough waking hours in a day to accomplish all that needs to be done. Daily tasks and obligations can take up a lot of time and in order for people to get these things done they cut corners on sleep. One might rationalize that a few hours here and there won’t make any difference, but lack of sleep can make a huge difference on a person’s mental and physical health. Lack of sleep can potentially be very harmful, anyone who gets an average of less than seven hours of sleep could be affected greatly. Not getting enough sleep can increase the chances of getting sick….

Myocardial Infarction

Myocardial infarction is the technical name for a heart attack. A heart attack occurs when an artery leading to the heart becomes completely blocked and the heart does not get enough blood or oxygen, causing cells in that area of the heart to die (called an infarct). Most heart attacks are caused by blood clots, which are in turn caused by atherosclerosis (stiffening and narrowing of the arteries). High blood fats (triglycerides) and LDL or “bad” cholesterol form plaque inside arteries, narrowing the passageway and reducing the amount of blood that can flow through. A person’s lifestyle plays a crucial role in preventing a heart attack or recovering from one. Eating a heart healthy diet and getting at least 30…

A Playground of Life Lessons

A PLAYGROUND OF LIFE LESSONS Where were most of your memories made in elementary school? Ask almost anyone, and their answer will be, “On the playground during recess!” Unfortunately, the youth of today may not have the opportunity to make those memories. As a result of the No Child Left Behind Act, more than forty percent of schools have reduced recess time, while seven percent have completely eliminated it from the school day (Pappas, 2011). With physical education only being offered to elementary students once a week, typically for forty minutes or less, recess is more important now than ever before. The absence of recess in schools will result in a long-term negative impact on these children’s health, learning, and…