1. Why was the building of the dam first proposed in 1919 and by whom? The dam was first proposed by Sun-Yat San, the father of modern China, in order to protect river communities from floods and also contribute for economic development plan for China. 2.Why have archaeologists and historians criticized the building of the Three Gorges Dam? Archeologist and historians criticize the building of the Three Gorges Dam because it is socially and environmentally destructive. This is because when the dam is finished, nearly 2 million people will have been displaced and 4000 villages, 140 towns, and 13 cities will have been swallowed up. Also, monuments, and priceless archeological discoveries of this countries culture will be lost forever. 3….