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How Common Factors Found in the Synergetic Model Essay


This paper will discuss how the communication process can be affected by individual forces, societal forces, culture, context, and ethics. It will discuss the importance of understanding how communication is affected by these forces. It is important to understand the way they affect communication so that proper and effective communication can occur.

How Common Factors Found in the Synergetic Model
Affect the Communication Process

Communication is a transactional process that involves more than one person. When an interaction between two or more people occurs, various factors come into play because of the difference in each individual person. Communication can be influenced by different factors and it is important to understand these factors and how they contribute to the effectiveness of said communication. Communication can be influenced by individual forces, societal forces, and by context. It is important to understand how communication is affected by these forces, so that we can properly and effectively communicated in the world today.

Communication mainly focuses on the individual. Identity plays an important role in the communication process. A person’s identity is composed of many different individual forces or characteristics. “The factors that contribute to one’s identity can be demographic characteristics such as age, race, ethnicity, nationality, gender, sexual orientation, regional identity, and socioeconomic class. In addition, individual forces include your field of experience, such as your education and experiences.” (Alberts 2012) It is important to understand not only, your identity but also the identity of the person or people you are communicating with.

Since each person is unique, they communicate in their own distinctive ways. Everyone is aware of the change in behavior when we interact with others in different settings. Our communication with other people changes along with our behavior. Our individual experiences and backgrounds influence the ethical competence in communication. We are responsible for how ethical we are in day to day communication. Although we are individuals, our individualism is limited by the society that we live in.

A society is made up of different people, which means societal forces and individual forces play a role with each other. Communication is influenced by societal forces. These forces refer to the social structures of a society based on politics, history, and economics. The individual forces that affect communication can also be influenced by societal forces. Behaviors can be perceived differently when dealing with communication between multiple persons of different societies. Nonverbal communication is greatly affected by differences in societies. Many gestures and nonverbal messages vary greatly in meaning when expressed in different societies. “Participants bring their beliefs, values, norms, and attitudes to each interaction and the cultures they belong to shape each of these factors.” (Alberts 2012)

Context plays an important role in the communication process. Context refers to the setting of the interaction as well as the individual participants. Being aware of the setting and situation allows us to choose the proper way in which to communicate. “When communicating with others we need to consider the way in which we are workings, sometimes we need to adapt to the way we communicate in different situations for example the way we conduct ourselves in a meeting would me a more formal way of communication and different to the way we are when working normally.” (Studymode 2012) Setting plays a strong role in the way we communicate. Typically, if someone is in a public setting, their behavior is more rational than when they are in a private setting.

We engage in human communication every day and it is important to understand how different factors affect the communication process. We need to understand them so that our messages are sent and received with a clear understanding. As humans in an age of such technological advancement, we are faced with the task of communicating with people from different backgrounds and understand this phenomenon is the only way that we can effectively communicate with people and allow for progress to occur in our daily interactions.

Works Cited
Alberts, J., Nakayama, T., & Martin, J. (2012). Introduction to Human Communication. In Human Communication in Society (3rd ed., pp. 17-25). Pearson Education.


Kinsey Goman, C. (2011, January 1). How Culture Controls Communication. Retrieved January 1, 2014, from

Shanahan, P., Elliott, D., & Australian Government Department of Education, E. (2009). Effective Communication with Young People. Australian Government Department Of Education, Employment And Workplace Relations.

(2012, 07). Explain How Different Social, Professional and Cultural Contexts May Affect Relationships and the Way People Communicate.. Retrieved 07, 2012, from

McKeon, R. (1957). Communication, Truth, and Society. Ethics, 67(2), 88-99. Retrieved January 1, 2014, from

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