Sport related violence or hooliganism is a large problem in many countries, numerous incidents in eg. Italy, France, Greece and etc have ended in severe injuries and deaths. The word hooliganism and hooligan is associated with violence in sports particularly from 1970s in UK with the game of football. The term hooliganism means wilful and malicious destruction of the property of others the phenomenon, however, long preceded the modern term; for example, one of the earliest known instances of crowd violence at a sporting event took place in ancient Constantinople. Two chariot racing factions, the Blues and the Greens, were involved in the Nika riots which lasted around a week in 532 CE; nearly half the city was burned or destroyed in addition to tens of thousands of deaths. Hooliganism was listed as a criminal offense, similar to disorderly conduct in some other jurisdictions, and used as a catch-all charge for prosecuting unapproved behaviour. Hooliganism is defined generally in the Criminal Code of Russia as an average gravity crime OBJECTIVES
Sports law is a developing law needing special attention and hooliganism is rapidly increasing in sports. Hence there is link which needs to be established between hooliganism and sports so that the problems can be addressed and solutions can be developed for the same. So in this paper I will be looking at the impact of hooliganism in sports. As there are no laws in India I will focus on the laws prevalent in other countries and how they can be incorporated in the Indian scenario to solve the problem of hooliganism in sports
The researcher gives brief study about hooliganism in sports while doing the project the number of articles will referred this will be the hypothesis What is the aim of the paper?
This seminar paper would be to know that whether we participate directly as players or indirectly as spectators, the risk of sustaining injury is
considerably higher in the sport environment than in most other areas of our lives. A duty of care must be taken. However despite all these factors accidents occur and liability will come into picture.
What does the researcher want to prove?
The researcher’s aim is to prove the need for an enactment in India for hooliganism in sports, due to the various risks involved in hooliganism and how it affects the smooth functioning of sports. METHODOLOGY
The paper will follow a particular methodology while doing research on the topic. The study will be done by using doctrinal research and on the basis of that own opinion will be formed and included in this research paper. SOURCES
The paper will examine a number of materials available on the topic while observing the subject. It will refer to available books in the college, articles, and websites. References will be cited as footnotes wherever required. SCOPE AND LIMITATION
The researcher will mainly research upon laws related to hooliganism in other countries and will compare the same with Indian laws. The limitation will be the loopholes in the information as sports law is a developing law and still is not very clear and effective. SCHEME OF WORK
The paper is divided into 5 chapters dealing with various laws of the country and recommendations to it and every chapter contains sub chapters. 1. Introduction
The word hooliganism and hooligan is associated with violence in sports particularly from 1970s in UK with the game of football. The term hooliganism means wilful and malicious destruction of the property of others the phenomenon, however, long preceded the modern term; for example, one of the earliest known instances of crowd violence at a sporting event took place in ancient Constantinople 2. Scope
The paper will deal with the laws related to hooliganism in U.K, France,
Italy and northern Europe and will compare with Indian scenario. It will deal with the risk involved in hooliganism in sports and its effect on the environment. The causes of hooliganism in sports will also be seen.
The study will be done by using doctrinal research and on the basis of that own opinion will be formed and included in this research paper.
4. Systematic treatment
In this chapter researcher will deal with the causes, various laws of other countries and any other issues related to hooliganism in sports. At the end a comparison will be made with Indian scenario. 5. conclusion and suggestions
After looking at the issues caused due to hooliganism in sports and comparison with the various laws a conclusion will be drawn has to what can inferred an whether any suggestion are possible for solving the problem of hooliganism in India.