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Homeostatic Imbalances. Hypertension and Diabetes Essay

Hypertension is a common health problem especially among people over age of 60 years. This disease is diagnostic when a patient blood pressure is more than 140 to 159 over 90 to 99. Blood pressure refers to the pressure that blood applies to the inner walls of the Diabetes is an endocrine system disorder that occurs when the body is unable to control or balance the amount of sugar in blood and within bodily tissues. You know that the human body is like a machine, with organ systems that are specialized in certain functions, and interact with each other to allow all vital functions to happen. For the body to stay healthy, it is essential that its internal environment is stable and balanced despite the different changes that can occur inside or outside of the system.

The natural and dynamic property of the body to maintain these conditions within certain normal levels is called homeostasis. When this property of balance is disturbed a disease may happen. I would like to explain to you what occurs in your specific case. The normal levels of sugar in blood are between 70 and 110 milligrams of glucose per 100 milliliters of blood , when the levels of glucose begin to fall because the person is working out or have been long time without eating the receptors in the body send a message to the hypothalamus which sends a message to the pancreas, which is the major organ of the endocrine system, so it secretes the hormone glucagon that stimulate the cells to release glucose which control the high levels of sugar in blood. On others hands, when the levers of sugar in blood begin to increase the pancreas releases insulin which stimulate cells to eliminate glucose from the blood.

These two responses of the organism to internal changes are part of negative feedback system that allows the body to return to a normal state. In your specific case the feedback system is not able to maintain the homeostatic balance because your body does not produce enough or overproduces the hormone insulin and sometimes glucagon; in addition, the receptor sites within target cells could cause the body to become insensitive to these chemicals. Finally, the malfunction of homeostasis is the cause of the type of diabetes that you are suffering from. But don’t be scared because you are very young and strong. It is important that you know and understand everything about your disease in order to be educated and get your diabetes under control. arteries. When this pressure is over the limits, it is very dangerous and can increase the risk of heart failure, heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure. For that reasons I would like that you understand what the reason of your problem is. When the heart beats too hard and fast, the levels of blood pressure increase.

In normal conditions our body has a complex system of regulation that allows the levels of pressure back to the normal ranks. This system which is known as negative feedback is responsible for achieving balance in our bodies even if external or internal changes occur. When any internal or external factor makes the blood pressure rise, we have specialized cells located in the walls of some blood vessels that are able to detect the problem and send nerve impulses to the brain which sends nerves impulses to the heart and blood vessel that receive the information. As a result, the heart rate decrease, the blood vessels dilate, and the blood pressure goes down. Finally, the body goes back to the balance condition that is called homeostasis. In your case this natural process does not occur and for that reason you are suffering from hypertension.


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