The problem of HIV/AIDS has been sufficiently identified as a global health disaster. According to reports from the UN, it is estimated that over two million people die annually due to diseases caused by HIV/AIDS infections (UNICEF, 2002). The report also indicates that over 33 millions across the globe are living with HIV. This number is quite high despite the numerous efforts by countries to combat the spreading of HIV/AIDS in the society.
Although these figures are claimed to be on the decrease over the past two decades, it has been sufficiently established that the pandemic is on the increase in some countries, especially the developing coutries. This paper seeks to identify the role of the global community in combating the spreading of HIV/AIDS. The author also gives a discussion on the responsibility countries have to manage their own national public health. The global community do to combat the spread of HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDS in the community has many negative social and economic impacts. This infection compromises the individual’s ability to meet their personal and family needs (Johansen, 2007). Another commonly problem with HIV/AIDS is that it is increasingly causing straining of community resources such as hospitals (World Bank, 2002). On the economic front, the disease negates the productivity of the victim in the workplace as well as leading to the draining of family income reserves for in the process of caring for the victim health needs.
According to available information, the spreading of HIV/AIDS in the community is caused by; lack of awareness, poor social and economic status, and poor governmental policies in addressing the problem of people infected by the disease (World Bank Group, 2010). The global community should devotedly engage in creating public awareness on the effects of HIV/AIDS on the health, social, economic, and professional development of the community (World Bank Group, 2010). It has been sufficiently established that a greater majority of members of the community are either not aware of HIV/AIDS or doubt its real existence in the community.
Due to this reason, the global community should not sit back and watch other members of the community perish of this deadly disease. According to psychological findings, the human mind learns through a process of copying and storing. Such evidence should mean that repeated crusading of the effects of HIV/AIDS in the communities will definitely yield substantial results in curbing its spreading. This creation of awareness should also include informing of the communities on the most viable methods of preventing the infection as well as making available such materials as contraceptives (UNICEF, 2002).
Another way the global community can do in combating the spreading of HIV/AIDS is identifying and resolving the underlying factors that lead to its spreading. According to reports from the United Nations, HIV/AIDS infections are highly pronounced in developing nations (UNICEF, 2002). This has the implication that poor social and economic conditions are to be blamed for the spreading of the disease in the community. Failure by many to have an employment is found to risk increased immorality in the community.
Therefore, the global community should engage most of its resources in promoting the economic conditions of its members (World Bank Group, 2010). Still, the problem of drug abuse in the community is to be blamed for increased incidences of HIV/AIDS infections as evident on statistical information from HIV/AIDS in the American community. Such have the implication that there should be a consulted effort by all nations across the globe in fighting drugs as a sustainable solution to the problem of HIV/AIDS. The global community should devote in enhancing health care provision to victims of HIV/AIDS.
Being a terminal disease, HIV/AIDS is a leading cause of emotional stress and depression on the victims. Just to be appreciated is the fact that depression compromises the individuals reasoning and judgmental ability in the society (Johansen, 2007). Such could cause the individual to engage in spreading the virus. However, with quality health care services such as counseling, social health care, and provision of life sustaining drugs can mitigate such mentality among the victims and make them advocates against HIV/AIDS in the community. The responsibility countries have to manage their own national public health
A healthy human resource is the backbone of the sustainable social and economic development of any nation. This is the underlying reason why nations should engage substantial amount of resources in managing its national public health (Iles, Gruen, & Goodwin, 2006). Just to be appreciated is the fact that different members of the community have different levels of economic and social status. Despite this reason, human rights dictate for equality to all members in the community. The only way this can be reflected in the public health is for the government to ensure the availability of quality and affordable health care to all its members.
Conclusion It is evidently clear that the wide spreading of HIV/AIDS across the globe is due to three mainly reasons. Lack awareness among community members compromises their ability to engage in behavioral change. Another reason is poor social and economic conditions in some communities which encourage immorality. Lack of effective health care provisions for HIV/AIDS victims negates the reliable behavior of the victims to prevent spreading of the disease. Therefore, governments and the global community should devote more resources in addressing these key issues as a lasting solution for combating the spread of HIV/AIDS.