State and Federal Prison History
The basic history for both state and federal prisons are the same, they were both created to incarcerate criminals that were sentenced for a minimum of thirteen months and a maximum of life. However, state prisons are ran by that state government and are usually for those who are considered “Blue-collar criminals”. Federal prisons are ran by the U.S government and are for those considered “White-collar criminals”. Both types of prisons have the same levels of security that can range from minimum to maximum.
State prisons are controlled by state governments and incarcerate “blue-collar criminals”. A blue-collar crime is any crime committed by someone of lower class. This comes from the term “blue-collar worker”. Blue-collar workers are primarily paid a lower wage and are mostly middle class people and lower. Blue-collar criminals primarily commit crimes that are of a personal nature (such as robbery).
If a criminal is committed of tax fraud then they will most likely end up in a federal prison. Federal Prisons are run by the national government and primarily house those known as “white-collar criminals”. A while-collar criminal is a person who commits what is known as a white-collar crime such as Income tax evasion. The term white-collar criminal is related to the term “white-collar worker”, who are mostly those who receive higher wages and are part of the upper-middle class to the higher class range.