Hispanic Americans form one of the numerous minority ethnic groups in America. Although made of different ethnic communities, the Hispanic Americans boast of common primary language and mainly Roman Catholic believers (Ramirez, 2004). On the other side, the various Hispanic American communities are marked with different levels of assimilation into the mainstream culture, reason for immigration into America, and their engagement into entrepreneurship.
This paper is written as a discussion on the linguistics, politics, social-economics, religion, and family aspects of four Hispanic American communities namely; the Cuban Americans, Puerto Ricans, Mexican Americans and the Chicanos. The author also gives a summary outlining the similarities and differences among these Hispanic American communities. Mexican Americans The Mexican Americans form the biggest Hispanic American population. They form approximately 60 percent of the overall Hispanic American population (Ramirez, 2004). The community has Spanish as it primary communication language.
Nevertheless, the introduction of bilingual education in the community has made its second and higher generation quite fluent in speaking English (Tate, 2008). Forming an estimated 9% of the American population, Mexican Americans have a strong influence in American politics (Tate, 2003). Due to its large population, the community boasts of almost all kind of academic and skilled professionals. This makes allows its members to find employment even in public offices, a factor that makes the Mexican Americans economically well-off (Tate, 2003). Despite this, the community is not quite involved on entrepreneurship.
Most of the Mexican American practice Roman Catholic faith (Tate, 2003). However, a small population of Mexican Americans also practices protestant faith. According to available information, the community has family bond as their core social structure. Such are quite evident in their communal way of living as they appreciate extended families just as their nuclear family units (Ramirez, 2004). Still, the community traditionally had men as the sole providers of the family. However, due to civilization and economic hardships, women are increasingly engaging in informal and formal employment as a way of supplementing for their family needs.
Puerto Ricans Being from one of the United States common wealth nations, the Puerto Ricans are constitutionally recognized as American citizens (Tate, 2003). According available statistics, the community forms an estimated 10 percent of the Hispanic American population (Nostrand, 2005). Due to this fact, the members of the community are quite fluent in speaking English. In addition, English is taught as a basic lesson in elementary classes of the Puerto Rican schools. Despite this fluency in English, the community has Spanish as its primary language. In terms of religion, Puerto Ricans mainly practices Roman Catholic faith (Nostrand, 2005).
Nevertheless, other religions such Methodist and Baptists as well as Muslims are also common. Following their unconstitutional recognition as citizens of the American nation, the members of this community participate in all American politics (Ramirez, 2004). Nevertheless, they are not constitutionally allowed to vote in US presidential elections. The Puerto Ricans have a strong family bond. This is not only found in their communal living but also in their low divorce rates and high levels of friendliness, a factor which is attributed to their strong religious background (Tate, 2003).
In economic, the community has a competitive advantage in the job market due to, guaranteed citizenship, government tax evasions and fluency in English. Cuban Americans Cuban Americans is estimated to form four percent of the Hispanic American population (Ramirez, 2004). However, despite their low population, the Cuban Americans are quite economically developed in due to their high levels of entrepreneurship (Pew Hispanic Center, 2006). This is closely attributed to their high assimilation rate into the mainstream culture. Such are evident in their conversion of Miami, their main homeland, into a modern city.
This forms their main economic activity though some of its members find jobs in the mainstream. Although the Cuban Americans have the highest rate of assimilation into the mainstream culture, they enjoy a very strong family bond as can be witnessed in their communal living (Pew Hispanic Center, 2006). Due to their desire to gain a competitive advantage in enjoying the American dream, most of the community members are able to speak English. This is further promoted by the introduction of bilingual education, a factor which makes their second and further generation evidently fluent in speaking English.
Nevertheless, they have Spanish as their primary communication language. Cuban Americans are quite diverse in terms of religious practices. Their members find a combination of Christianity (Roman Catholic and Protestants), Muslims and Hindus (Pew Hispanic Center, 2006). There are even non-believers in the community, a factor that is blamed to assimilation into the mainstream culture. However, Roman Catholic is the most common religion among its members. On the cultural front, the Cuban Americans treasure their traditional culture.
This is mainly evident from Miami which is identified as a home of Hispanic culture by tourists. They are politically active in America with the right to nominate their own representatives. Chicanos According to historical evidence, the term Chicanos was common among the Mexican Americans during their civil rights movement in the mid twentieth century (Ramirez, 2004). However, the Chicanos group is found to encompass a modern generation of the American with ancestries from Mexico and Native Americans. Due to they Mexican origin, the community has Spanish as it mainly primary communication language.
They however have high assimilation rates, a factor which makes them quite fluent in speaking English. On the economic front, the Chicanos are well established (Schaefer, 2006). This has been closely attributed to their high level of acceptance as Americans as well as fluency in English. Such gives them a competitive advantage in the American job market. In terms of politics, the community is enjoys a constitutional right to engage in American politics (Schaefer, 2006). Their political influence is however compromised by their few numbers. The Chicanos community predominantly practices Roman Catholic faith (Ramirez, 2004).
The community is also marked with other religious practices such as protestant faith, Islamic, and Hinduism. Due to the high levels of assimilation, Chicano group has a small population of non-believers. Despite their high assimilation rates into the mainstream culture, the Chicanos have the family as a core social structure. Summary The four Hispanic American groups have a number of similarities. They all practices Roman Catholic religion as their main faith. Another similarity is that they have Spanish as their primary communication language (Tate, 2008).
In addition, the communities enjoy a strong family bond as is evident from their communal way of living. However, the four communities are different in their levels of assimilation into the mainstream culture with the Cuban Americans being more assimilated than the other groups. Politically, unlike other groups, the Puerto Ricans are not allowed to participate in US presidential elections. Another difference is on economic establishments were the Cuban American are graded the highest in entrepreneurship and the Mexican Americans having the lowest entrepreneurship mentality.
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