Today people believe that they are all healthy. Later, when there are any variations in regard to their health condition, they got shocked. People are not foreseeing how their health affects in every aspect of everyone’s life. In this essay we will describe health promotion of health and its principle. Further it will explain the roles of nurses in promotion of health. The health promotion is divided into 3 levels as the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of prevention. Health Promotion
Among so many health promotion definitions, the United States Public Health Service defines the promotion of health as “the process of advocating health in order to enhance the probability that personal, private, and public support of positive health practices will become a societal norm” (Edelman & Mandle, 2009). For the better effectiveness of health promotion, people should be in command of all aspects in reference to their health and their lifestyles. They can’t hold someone or something responsible when there is a decline in their health. Each individual must be held liable for the decisions they take in reference to their own health.
The purpose of Health Promotion The main purpose of promoting health is to train public about their health and to be in command of all the views about their way of life which in turn affect health. It also promotes different types of education to maintain the awareness about health that public need to make helpful decisions in life. We can use health promotion on the public level, the private level, and in the community (Edelman & Mandle, 2009), which are all essential when it come to educating. Roles and Responsibilities of Nursing Promotion of health is vital in the career of nursing because we take part in a major role through edification.
As nursing professional, we have to know that different elements that affect the patient’s health other than their way of life choice. (Bennett, Perry, & Lawrence, 2009, p. 49). Nursing professionals are the primary care providers for the patients. Nurses are refining the patients with discussions regarding their illness, computer journals or pamphlets and videos. As nurses train them constantly the patients do not even recognize that it is done. Implementing Health Promotion The nursing career offers an extensive diversity of job opportunities. Because of various setting, the nurses can train patients on all the levels.
As an instance, for a hospitalized patient, the nurses will make use of nursing diagnoses to teach the individual. When nursing care is carried out in a public health center, the patient education can be in a group setting or on a one-on- one base with movable units for the homeless. Whatever the situation, nurse work collectively with professionals of an interdisciplinary group whose main objective is the improvement of patient’s life with tutoring and proper care of the patient. Health Promotion and Prevention levels There are 3 levels in the promotion of health as primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of health promotion.
(Edelman & Mandle, 2009). Primary prevention consists of giving teaching lessons to patients and they will help them to identify the risky elements for illness and implement a plan to avoid this disease (Edelman & Mandle, 2009). One illustration for this is the teaching regarding Cardiovascular Disease. We have to keep in mind that a few measures cannot be distorted like the age and gender of the individual. But some risk measures which can be altered includes “weight, blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels”. (Jansen & de Bont, 2010, p. 396).
These levels of risk measures can be reduced with weight control, do exercises, changing the eating practice and to either lessen or stop smoking, with the aim of quitting. With proper teaching, this will strengthen the patient to formulate the essential changes for a improved way of life to put a stop to and guard them from this illness. In reference to Edelman and Mandle (2010), the secondary level of prevention consists of tools like laboratory results and treats the sickness in its early stage. Throughout this level further elements that can influence training comprise of behavioral and dietary changes.
The secondary level is using for the treatment of the illness in early stages and to stop more development of the illness. (Bennett et al. , 2009). Nursing interventions are important for the good results for the patient and the needs to be efficient for general enhancement of health. (Abraham & Johnson, 2011). For an instance, an individual is diagnosed with Cardiovascular Disease. He is on prescription for hypercholestermia. We have to perform follow up labs at intervals particulate by the doctor, with altering their eating and activity habits.
The patient can decrease or stop his medication dosage related to their precise circumstances and changes made to their way of life. The third stage is tertiary promotion which consists of reinstallation and rehabilitation after the illness has been recognized (Edelman & Mandle, 2009). The objective at this stage is, try to replace as much independent living as can after a serious illness or incident. For instance, an old patient who was living independently but fell down and got hip fracture. After the surgical procedure the patient may be transferred to a rehab unit.
In this, physical therapy will be used for strengthening and walking training and occupational therapy will be used for teaching in daily activities of living. Once discharged, there can be further Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy planned for the assistance of the client to improve. It may take place in an outpatient clinic or in home care to support independency. (Ryburn, Wells, & Foreman, 2009). Authors agree a fact that suggests therapy has a positive outcome on the psychosocial and physical health, and value of life. (Ryburn et al. ,2009). Conclusion
These three levels for the promotion of health are used daily along with the care of patient in the nursing field. If we utilize appropriately, health promotion levels will raise the life expectancy and the quality of life. A nurse’s role encompass as consultants and advocate for the patients, dietician, educators and many other tasks which concerns about the patient. Education has a major role in the promotion of health to our patients. References Abraham, C. , & Johnson, B. T. (2011). Editor’s Introduction to the Special Issue on Health Promotion Interventions. Psychology and Health, 26(2), 129-132. Bennett, C.
, Perry, J. , & Lawrence, Z. (2009). Promoting Health in Primary Care. Nursing Standard, 23(47), 48-56. Edelman, C. L. , & Mandle, C. L. (2009). Health Promotion Throughout the Life Span (7 ed. ). : VitalSource Bookshelf. Jansen, Y. , & De Bont, A. (2010). The Role of Screenings Methods and Risk Profile Assessments in Prevention and Health Promotion Programmes: An Ethnographic Analysis. Health Care Anal, 18, 389-401. Ryburn, B. , Wells, Y. , & Foreman, P. (2009). Enabling Independence: Restorative Approaches to Home Care Provision for Frail Older Adults. Health and Social Care in the Community, 17(3), 225-234.