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Health and Safety Roles Essay

Prepare to discuss the differences in the roles and responsibilities of the manager, employer, employee and owner of an organisation of your choice in respect of health and safety. Note: it is essential that you identify the differences and similarities between these roles / titles) Suggested sources:

HMSO HSE website
Any Health and Safety Book



Cruise ships, as well as all vessels plying the Navigable waters of the world are subject to strict Maritime Rules and regulations including, Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) regulations, Standards of Training Certification and Watch keeping (STCW), The International Safety Management (ISM) rules, and most importantly, the Rule of the Sea whereby the Master and officers and crew never abandon the ship until all passengers and crew are accounted for, and everything possible has been done to save them.

HSE Executive
The Executive:

•ensures that a member of the Executive is available for out-of-hours notifications of major incidents •decides if the incident should be categorised as ‘major’ by consulting with relevant head(s) of Division/Directorate, the Chair of the HSC, the Commission and Ministers, as appropriate, on the nature of the incident and the proposed action When considering whether to declare a major incident, the Executive will consider the following points: •the significance of the event

•any separate investigations by other regulatory bodies
•the involvement of other regulatory bodies in the investigation •the effect of the investigation on HSE as a whole and the Directorate’s/Division’s programme of work •the concerns of the Commission, ministers, other government departments, devolved administrations and regulatory bodies. Once a major incident is declared, the Executive:

•agrees which of the major incident arrangements should be invoked for the investigation – in the case of a HSWA Section 14(2)(a) investigation, in conjunction with the HSC Chair •decides the scope of the investigation appropriate to the scale and complexity of the incident •determines whether a policy and procedure review should take place & its timing, in consultation with relevant stakeholders, and sets the terms of reference – in the case of a HSWA Section 14(2)(a) investigation, in conjunction with the HSC Chair •ensures that contact with the Secretariat and all members of the Executive is maintained during the response to the major incident

•monitors and as necessary approves briefing for the Commission Chair, the Commission and Ministers •oversees the investigation and any policy and procedure review process, altering the terms of reference of the investigation/review process if appropriate •approves publication of t he reportfollowing a major incident investigation and considers whether to publish interim technical reports if broader health and safety lessons emerge •agrees decisions on the timing of the release of information to the public. •considers the policy and procedure review report and ensures that any appropriate response to the recommendations is taken.

The office safety company

http://www.officesafety.co.uk/quick-guides/whos-responsible.html •The Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974

•Requires employers to be responsible for ensuring the health and safety of workers and for reducing risks to others affected by work activities. •Health and safety functions should be delegated and health and safety risk management legally requires the active participation of the company’s workers. However the legal responsibility for health and safety rests with the employer.

•Employers need to prepare, and make sure their workers know about, a written statement of the health and safety policy and the arrangements in place to put it into effect. •Where a ‘body corporate’ commits a health and safety offence, and the offence was committed with the consent or connivance of, or was attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate, then that person (as well as the body corporate) is liable to be proceeded against and punished.

The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 These regulations include requirements for employers to:

•Assess the work-related risks faced by employees, and by people not in their employment •Have effective arrangements in place for planning, organising, controlling, monitoring and reviewing preventive and protective measures •Appoint one or more competent persons to help in undertaking the measures needed to comply with health and safety law •Provide employees with comprehensible and relevant information on the risks they face and the preventive and protective measures that control those risks

HSE.GOV http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/hse40.pdf

Most employers are required by the law to insure against liability for injury or disease to their employees arising out of their employment. This guide is intended to help you to understand what is required. It is not a legal interpretation of the Employers’ Liability (Compulsory Insurance) Act and it has no formal legal status. You should be aware that only the courts can authoritatively interpret the law.

Compare safety officer and Captain

Safety Officer

In this role you delegate and oversee safety drills. The safety drills include abandon ship procedures, fire drills and maintenance of the ship’s tenders. In addition this role is responsible for instructing the crew on safety issues and drills.


•he Safety Officer is responsible for monitoring and assessing hazardous and unsafe situations and developing measures to assure personnel safety. •The Safety Officer will correct unsafe acts or conditions through the regular line of authority, although the •Safety Officer may exercise emergency authority to prevent or stop unsafe acts when immediateaction is required. •The Safety Officer maintains awareness of active and developing situations. •The Safety Officer ensures the Site Safety and Health Plan is prepared and implemented. •The Safety Officer ensures there are safety messages in each Incident Action Plan.

Captain – must have liability insurance

The Captain is the highest ranking officer on the ship with the most perks, it definitely pays to be Captain. However, this title comes with a lot of responsibility such as the care of all the crew and passengers aboard the ship. In cases of emergency the Captain makes all executive decisions. Additionally, the Captain is in charge of navigation and operations. Regulates company policies, environmental policies such as pollution effects as well as national and international maritime laws http://www.ehow.com/list_5977262_duties-ship-captain.html

•The captain’s first duty is become the leader of their ship. They are trusted and respected among their peers because they are chosen as the leader of their ship.

•On a ship, the captain is the highest rank you can get. Think of them as the President of their ship. They have to keep the crew safe and make life-or-death decisions that can affect everyone on the ship.

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