Legislation and regulations guide practitioners how they must work within the nursery. They are also important because they communicate to practitioners how the nursery should run. The nursery must interpret the law and the regulations that apply to them. Settings do this by inventing policies that explain how the setting will work in line with the law and the regulations. Policies also let other professionals, parents/carers and children know how the setting works. It is important you understand that you understand all of the policies in the nursery and you must work within them.
To ensure that policies and procedures are effective, it is good practice for nurseries to review them regularly, at least once a year. Practitioners should check that their policies and procedures still reflect current legislation and regulations, since these are updated from time to time. Practitioners should consider whether the ways of working outlined in the policies successful. This should be done in consultation with colleagues and when appropriate, parents/ cares, children and outside professionals.
It is important to make sure that practice reflects the policy-there is no benefit in having good policies and procedures if they are not followed. Sometimes, practice and policy do not match up because practice has evolved over time. In this case it will be appropriate to change policy/procedures to reflect the new ways of working. However, if it is the practitioners work that is not up to appropriate standards, further explanation of the policy/procedures and further training will be necessary. 4. 4: Sleep procedures in the setting
The Foundation for the Study or Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (FSIDS) provided guidelines to reduce the risk of SIDS. Parents should not smoke during pregnancy, including the fathers. Anyone who wishes to smoke should smoke outside the house, where the baby is not present. Babies should be placed on their backs to sleep, not on their front as they may struggle to breathe or become to hot. Babies don’t necessarily need a blanket when they sleep, avoid making them too hot. Babies’ heads should be uncovered and they should be placed at the bottom of the cot so they don’t wriggle own under their covers. If the baby is unwell, medical advice must be sought. For the first six months, it is safe for the baby to sleep in the parent’s room, in their cot. Babies should not share the bed with the parents and it is dangerous to sleep with the baby on a sofa or armchair. Sleeping babies must be regularly checked every 10 minutes and in nursery a record must be kept. 2. 4: Monitoring and reviewing health and safety risk assessments An accident that has left any kind of marking on a child must be recorded, no matter how big or small.
This is to provide evidence of the incident and also to protect you from any accusations that may be made later on. If a mark has been noticed and no one knows the cause of the mark, it should be recorded and mentioned to the parent/carer. You must write, the date and time of the accident so parents and practitioners are aware of how long the child has had this marking for. Where it took place, so we can review it in our risk assessments and also we can make any possible alterations to the layout if possible. Also, this is so parents understand where in the nursery it happened.
It is vital that any bruising, markings, bleedings etc are recorded, so we have a record of the injury and it also protects practitioners. Also, in case of any worsening of any injuries we are aware of the early stages and we can monitor how things can change – e. g. behaviour if it was a bump to the head, bleeding and open wounds. Regularly reviewing polices and procedures are essential for good practice in the nursery and set a good example of how the nursery is run. It reviews how current policies and procedures are working within the nursery and any adaption’s that can be made to them, to further improve them.
It is important to keep up with current legislation as practitioners can improve on their skills and work up to good standards. All practitioners need to work up to the guidelines of legislation in order for them to be doing their job properly. 1. 2: Monitoring and maintaining health and safety In a nursery our priority is to protect the children from all kinds of harm. That includes any strangers from coming in to the nursery, even those who are just visitors. All visitors to the nursery must sign in to the visitor’s book and sign out again. They are never to be left alone with children within the nursery.
All staff should be made aware of this, as they could mistake someone as a parent. In some cases where someone who is not a parent is coming to collect a child, they are normally given a password from the parent and they must mention this on collection of the child. This is for the benefit of the nursery that it is safe to allow the person to enter the nursery and collect the child. Also, this benefits the parent so they are comfortable that their child is with someone they allowed and for the child so they feel safe they are with someone they know.
Any new staff members, volunteers, parent helpers or anyone who is working with the children, must sign in to the visitor’s book and out and also hold a valid CRB check. This is for the same reason that we need to make sure they are safe to enter the nursery. All staff should be given the correct training they require in order to complete their tasks as a nursery nurse accurately. Staff training can be reviewed and updated every year so nurseries can improve the way in which practitioners work with children and parents.
Within the nursery, everyone has the responsibility of following health and safety regulations (the Health & Safety at Work Act 1974) and other relevant legislation. This may be as small as moping water off the floor or changing the layout of the room, because of recurrent accidents. Health and safety regulations are put into place to establish and maintain a safe and healthy environment throughout the nursery and uphold safe working procedures amongst staff and children. Routine health and safety assessments are done throughout the day for indoors and outdoors, to keep a safe and secure environment.
The nursery must provide required information, instruction and supervision for all employees where necessary. Ensure the safe handling and use of substances and following COSHH. Employees must be competent to do their role and to receive adequate training where needed. In the nursery we deliver safety education to the children so they know how to safeguard themselves as well. There are many dangers that children are unaware about, but children have no real recognition of how important it is to keep safe. In the nursery we teach the children about “stranger danger”, his is so they know what to do in the case of an emergency and to not communicate with anyone they don’t know, even if they look friendly. Other things we teach them are road safety, the importance of holding parents hands when crossing roads. We teach them about looking out for cars, the green man, a lollipop lady and remembering to press the button. When we take them on outings, we allow them to press the button and this way they know where it is located and they recognise the word “wait” that lights up. When we take them on outings they comprehend that they must hold hands and listen to the staff.
COSHH is the law that requires employees to control substances that are hazardous to health. Substancs that can be hazardous to health are bleach, washing up liquid, washing powder, washing tablet etc. If any substances are in sight they must be locked away, and out of reach of children. The Children Act 1989 aimed to ensure that the welfare of the child was dominant, working in partnership with parents to protect the child from harm. The Act was intended to strengthen the child’s legal position; to give them equal rights, feelings and wishes; and to ensure children were consulted and kept informed.
The Children Act 2004 aims to further improve children’s lives and gives the legal underpinning to ‘Every Child Matters: Change for Children’ (2004). The children act 2004 identifies and places a responsibility on child practitioners to work together to help a child meet the following five priority outcomes, be healthy; stay safe, enjoy and achieve, make a positive contribution and achieve economic wellbeing. To achieve this aim, emphasis is placed on identifying and addressing a child’s needs at an early stage, before they become problematic and intractable.
This will require some change to the way that child practitioners have worked up to now. There have been a few changes in response to the Children Act 2004 which mean that, from April 2006, education and social care services for children have been brought together under a director of children’s services in each local authority. The Children and Young Person Act 2008 has also been introduced. Its main purpose is to result the approval set out in the White Paper ‘Care Matters: Transforming the Lives of Children and Young People in Care’.
We have systems in place to ensure the safety of the children at all times i. e. fire procedure, accidents and illness procedure. We provide adequate facilities to suit the needs and abilities of all children and young people. All members of staff are qualified, CRB checked and given regular training. Gloves and aprons are worn at all times when dealing with bodily fluids to prevent cross-infection. All accidents and incidents are recorded are reported to the correct person. We follow RIDDOR (Reporting of injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences regulations) 1995.
Employers are required by law to report specified workplace incidents, such as work-related deaths, major injuries, 7-day injuries (those causing more than seven day’s inability to carry out normal duties), work related diseases, and dangerous occurrences (near miss accidents). It is a legal requirement to report incidents and ill health at work and the information gathered enables the Health & Safety Executive (HSE) and other agencies to gather the information about how and why risks arise and to investigate serious incidents.
Practitioners are first aid qualified and are able to deal with minor injuries within the setting. This follows the Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981. First aid boxes and fire extinguishers are in every room following the Fire Precautions (workplace) Regulations 1997. Staff members are given guidance on how to protect themselves throughout day activities and also regarding manual handling. When handling and storing food we follow The Food Handling Regulations 1995. This means we correctly follow the hygiene standards, including tying hair back, wearing aprons and washing hands.
Also, it is necessary to make sure you use the correct coloured board for the correct foods. 3. 1: A balanced approach to risk assessment Part of providing children with adequate challenge is permitting them to take appropriate risks. A balanced approach to taking a risk assessment is important. Although children are energetic, it is impossible to control all possible risks, especially in the garden. In order to provide a safe environment, being a good role model to children can help reduce any risks.
Children like to copy adults, therefore when playing with the children; you need to be careful that they don’t hurt themselves. During a game of run and catch, it is easier for an adult to avoid getting hurt, but for children they have more excitement to join in than to protect themselves from falling. Physical play is always a high risk of children getting hurt, however it would be inappropriate of practitioners not to allow children to run around outside in case they hurt themselves. Children have a lot of energy and it would be unfair and difficult for children to not run and enjoy themselves.
They wouldn’t be getting any exercise or fitness and they may lack confidence and general well being. Although children hurt themselves due to running or other circumstances, the injuries normally tend to be minor. However, by properly managing the area it can be avoided. It would be sensible to remove or reduce risks by making sure children have sufficient space to run around. With activities that include glue, scissors, sand and paints, the age of the children and their needs should come into consideration.
Good supervision must be in account when the use of these equipments is set out. For a child who has special needs, you would need to take into account what could be a possible hazard to their health and safety. Scissors are a big risk especially for a child who hasn’t grasped the concept of using them correctly, or a child who needs special attention. Sand can be a choking hazard and lead to other injuries, such as irritation to the eyes. A child with very sensitive skin may be allergic to paint or certain materials.
Practitioners must use their initiative to decide what would be suitable for the children in the nursery. Take into account the children’s ages and what their abilities are. Scissors would not be used with the babies and young toddlers, as they are too young to know how to use them and it is dangerous. Although, they can be used with the elder children, as they are learning to use scissors and learning to be independent, but we must still monitor them and provide additional help when needed.