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Health and Safety Essay

Ai.A description of four different examples of accidents and/or sudden illnesses that might occur.

Heart attack

Signs and symptoms of a heart attack: When an individual is having a heart attack he will suffer from shortened breath which will lead to overwhelming feeling of anxiety. Also, their chest will feel like its being pressed or squeezed with big pressure, this pain can also radiate throughout the body into jaw, neck, arms and also back.

Diabetic coma

Signs and symptoms of diabetic coma: First sign to lookout for is increased thirst which will lead to more frequent need to urinate. Patient may feel more tired, this can be followed by a sleep-like state where at this point the person will slip into a coma. There will be no communication with the patient what so ever.

Asthma Attack

Signs and symptoms of asthma attack: While tightening of muscles around the airways Most common asthma attack symptoms are, difficulty breathing, cough, shorten breath. During the attack airways become swollen or/and inflamed. Asthma can make normal everyday activities more difficult.


Signs and symptoms of a stroke: Numbness of face, arm, or leg on one side of the body. Person will act confused and/or will have difficulties speaking. There are also other symptoms which may be trouble seeing, walking or a sudden headache with unknown cause. It may leave a person in coma, permanent weakness down one side of their body or there may be no long lasting effects.

Aii.An outline of the procedure to follow if an accident or a sudden illness should occur.

All health and social care personnel have to be prepared for emergency situations therefore a must is to have appropriate procedures for staff to follow in case of emergency so the people can be treated professionally and safely. To correctly follow these procedures in case of sudden illness you will need to first of all remain calm and do not panic. Quickly inform other staff of the situations or raise the alarm. Assess the situation making sure you and other people around you are safe. Next step is to clear area of all people and objects which may be in way while dealing with emergency.

What caused the accident, was it a sudden illness or an incident also look for injuries and symptoms. If you are trained to apply first aid. You have to stay with the patient until help comes. Do not forget to reassure this person constantly. With all mentioned above remember to provide clear verbal report of the situation to medical staff when they arrive. Aiii. A list of principles to be followed for safe moving and handling

Before moving or handling anyone its important to explain to the patient what are we going to do and what we need him to do to get their full assistance where needed. Clear the area so there is safe to move around with no obstacles on floor. Make sure that equipment to carry out the move is safe to use, if there is no need for any equipment do not use one. Use only correct sling or hoist to suit weight and size of the patient. Take plenty of time and space so the patient isn’t rushed

During the move and handling make sure to maintain patient dignity Place the equipment in the suitable position and make sure to that at least two people are supporting the patient if person is transferred to different area its best to first use the wheelchair until you reach that area, then use hoist in example for using toilet. Do not leave the patient alone while in the hoist. Move all of belongings first before moving the patient encourage patient to put as much effort as they can to minimise to manual handling

Aiv. An explanation of why it is important to follow the care plan and communicate with each individual when assisting and moving.

Its very important to follow the care plan and communicate with each patient because, if you don’t follow the moving and handling principles, while moving or assisting a person with any action this can cause an injury for you or for this person which you will be held responsible for.

Av.An outline of staff responsibilities for medication in a social care setting.

Avi. A brief description of the agreed procedures for


Social care homes and workers obtain medication for individuals by: repeat prescriptions, acute prescriptions, NHS prescription forms and verbal orders. These have to be stored safely and make sure they aren’t damaged by heat or moisture. They can not be mixed with another patients medicine. They can be stored in patients room or if they can be stored in separate cupboards which should be provided with a secure lock if a person needs assistance with their medication. Also storage place needs to be easy accessible for the individual. Administering of medicines purpose is to avoid causing harm to person.

Patient should only take medicine which was prescribed to him and they should receive the correct medicine and the right time and properly. When giving medicine its important to identify the person and medication correctly. Other very important part of medication is record keeping, which can be done in more then one way. From these records, anyone should be able to understand what you have done and be able to account for all medicines you have managed for an individual. The records must be complete, legible, up to date, written in ink, dated and signed. Up to date list of all medication for every individual is a must.

Avii.An explanation of why the social care workers accompanying the individual on the outing should have specialist training before each of the following

a)Carrying out emergency first aid
b)Assisting with moving and handling
c)Handling medication

a) Carrying out emergency first aid: Social care worker should be able to respond, plan and act to a situation in which an individual has had an accident or sudden illness.

b) Assisting with moving and handling: To understand how to make the correct move and how to use the equipment correctly in order not to harm the individual or themselves

c) Handling medication:to understand all about medical conditions the individuals taken care by the care worker can have so they can monitor any changes. Its also important to have the understanding about the common types of medication and how they can affect an individual.

TASK B – Guide

Produce a guide to raise awareness of health and safety in social care setting. Include the following in your guide:

Bi.A list of the laws relating to:

a) safety in the setting
b) moving and handling

Safety Representatives and Safety Committees Regulations 1977 Health and Safety.

Every social care organization should follow health and safety laws. That’s why every employer should set up simple health and safety policies and procedures to make sure that all legal aspects of care are covered. These laws are:

1. Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulation 1999

This law places responsibility on employer to professional staff training in relation to health and safety, fire prevention, moving and handling issues.

2. The manual handling operation and regulation 1992 (amended 2002)

This covers all manual handling which are lifting,lowering, pushing, pulling, and carrying people or objects.

3. Health and Safety (first aid) regulation 1981

This covers requirements on provision of first aid.

4. Reporting of injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences regulation 1995

These places a responsibility on employers to inform relevant authorities about a range of injuries, diseases and dangerous events.

5. Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulation (COSHH) 2002

These place a must of assessing of risks from hazardous substances and take precautions to correctly store and use these substances.

Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations 1992

1. Provision and Use of work equipment regulation (PUWER) 1998

This require employer to ensure that all workplace equipment is: Safe for its purpose of use and in good condition.
Maintained and inspected
Used by trained personnel
fitted with safety breaks, protective devices, instructions and safety lables.

Bii. A list of the food standards that relate to social care settings.

Food Standards Act 1999
Food Safety Act 1990

Biii. An outline of the main health and safety responsibilities of:

a)the social care worker
b)the employer or manager
c)individuals using the service

A)Social worker has many responsibilities like supporting people with their medication, food and drink, everyday activities such as dressing up, using toilet, moving, washing hands or simple hanging of their PPE.

B)The employer or manger needs to make sure that all health and safety rules are being met in the work place. All equipment is safely used and maintained. Other responsibilities are that all staff needs to be professionally trained to perform their duties.

C)Safety of the individuals using the service is as important ans those above. All needs should be met, every person which requires help with any action like simple bathing, walking or eating should receive the help he requires.

Biv.A description of the main points of health and safety policies and procedures.

Main points of health and safety procedures are to make sure that everyone works in safe and secure work environment. Its important that all equipment is safe to use in order to prevent accidents. These are set to follow them, that nobody intentionally misuse any equipment provided for them in order to protect health, safety and well being of the individuals. Also they should be monitored if their are put in to practise correctly, you may face disciplinary action.

Bv.A list of work activities that should only be carried out after special training.

In this workplace there are some activities which should be only performed after a specialist training in order to prevent injuries to you or individuals being taken care of. These are listed below: Administering, storing and obtaining medication.

Emegrancy first aid.
Moving and handling

Bvi.A Description of how to access additional support and information in relation to health and safety.

To find additional support and information about health and safety you can use inductions provided before each and every training given to you. You can use workplace health and safety policies and regulations to get a better understanding of the health and safety, also you can simply research the information in internet or ask your employer or people you work with.

TASK C – Case Studies

Winston is a social care worker supporting young people with learning disabilities in the community. One evening, he visits an individual to find a pip has burst in their roof. Water is running down the light fitting onto the bathroom floor.

Ci. Define the terms ‘hazard’ and ‘risk’.


A hazard is a potential source of damage which may cause harm to a person. For example Source of energy is a hazard which makes electricity a hazard which can harm person by shock or electrocution.


A Risk is a chance or a probability of being harmed or exposed to any danger by a hazard.

Cii. Identify the hazards and risks in a case study above.

The risks and hazards in this case are the burst pipes which caused a leak in the bathroom onto the floor causing a hazard of slipping on the leaked water which may harm the individual. This has caused another risk of electrocution by water running down the light fitting.

Ciii. Explain how and when you would report this risks you have identified

You should report this as soon as possible by filling a relevant form. Make sure that its done correctly and remember to put the time and date. Ideally would be a detailed report of what has happened, what have you done to prevent any injuries and the final outcome. Always sing, print and date it.

Ellie is 42 and has Down’s syndrome. She lives at home with her mum and dad. Ellie attends a group three times a week here she meets her friends. There is a bis that goes directly to the community centre and Ellie really wants to go on the bus, on her own. Her mum insists on taking the collecting her in the car and Ellie is now refusing o go. This situation is making them all very unhappy.

Civ.Describe how a risk assessment might help reassure Ellie’s mum and
ensure Ellie’s safety.

Risk assessment will outline all of the possible hazards leading to dangerous situation and injuries and risks which go in line with allowing Ellie to go on the bus on her own. By finding all of the hazards this allows a social care worker to come up with a plan or ideas on how to reduce the risks of Ellie travelling to the group by herself. All of this should reassure Ellie’s mum about her safety.

Cv.Describe how a social care worker should use the risk assessment to ensure Ellie is safe during the journey.

A risk assessment help to find the concerns going with Ellie travelling by bus on her own . As a result any possible risks to Ellie will be identified and the correct measures will be done to remove or reduce these risks for Ellie to safely travel on her own and at the same time reassuring her mum Its the social care worker’s responsibility to make sure that everyone is familiar with the risk assessment and that they followed it. any changes which have to be made to the risk assessment it is also the social care worker’s responsibility to inform everyone as soon as possible. Its really important that the risk assessment is up to date in order to make sure that Ellie is safe so she can achieve her aims.

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